Instruments, sensors and equipment: physiological measurements

In-vivo assessment of epidermal flavonoids

  • Dualex FLAV 3.3

In-vivo assessment of chlorophyll

  • SPAD 502

Plant water potential

  • Pressure chamber, PMS 100

Gas exchange

  • Walz GFS-3000
  • LI-COR LI-6400

Chlorophyll fluorescence

  • Walz MINI-PAM (Borrowed from UEF)


Capabilities include hemispherical imaging to macro (1:1 magnification). Two digital cameras, a normal one and one camera modified for ultraviolet-A and near infra-red imaging. Focus stacking, high dynamic range and other image merging techniques are also in use. Thermographic camera is described here.

  • DSLR camera Nikon D7000
    • Sigma 4.5mm F2.8 EX DC HSM Circular Fisheye objective
    • AF-S DX NIKKOR 16-85MM F/3.5-5.6G ED VR objective
    • Solmeta geotagger
  • ML camera Olympus E-M1 converted to full spectrum
    • M.ZUIKO DIGITAL ED 60mm 1:2.8 Macro
    • M.ZUIKO DIGITAL ED 25mm 1:1.8
    • Hanimex 35 mm f/3.5 (Minolta MD mount) “Kyoei accidental UV objective”
    • Adapter Nikon G to MFT
    • Adapter Minolta MD to MFT with focusing helicoid
    • Adapter Leica M39 MFT
  • Filters 46 mm
    • Heliopan RG665, RG696, RG715, RG780 (long pass)
    • Heliopan BG38 (Visible-pass)
    • Heliopan UG1 (UV band-pass, leaks IR)
  • Filters 48 mm
    • Baader 2″ U-Filter (UV pass, peak at 365 nm, no IR leak)
  • Filters 52 mm
    • UVRoptics StraightEdgeU (UV pass, peak at 385 nm, no IR leak)
    • Heliopan RG715 , RG695 (long pass)
  • Various step up and step down rings for filters
  • Square filters 67 mm x 87 mm
    • Hitech filter holder
    • Hitech Firecrest ND (neutral density)
  • Kaiser RS 2 XA Camera Stand
    • Kaiser RB 218N HF Lighting Unit
  • Small Camera stand
  • Manfrotto MT190CXPRO3 carbon fibre tripod
    • Manfrotto MH054M0-Q2 ball head
  • Velbon table-top tripod with ball-head