Docents

Professor Emeritus Asko Parpola‘s field research in South India since 1971 has mainly concentrated on collecting texts and traditions of the Jaiminiiya school of the Sāmaveda (several editions of ancient texts and modern biographies are in preparation). Another major interest of his is the undeciphered script of the Indus or Harappan Civilization (c. 2500-1900 BC): He is the Editor-in-Chief of the Corpus of Indus Seals and Inscriptions, and has been working out a methodology for decipherment and specific sign interpretations. His third major research interest is the prehistory of the Aryan languages through correlating archaeology with textual-linguistic evidence.

Docent Klaus Karttunen has specialised in the relations between the Indian subcontinent and the western world, particularly the classical antiquity of the Greek and Roman sources. Two volumes out of a four-volume synthesis have already appeared. Another major interest of Karttunen is the history of Indology and of Oriental Studies at large – he has already published a major book on the latter subject in Finnish, and he is preparing a bio-bibliography of deceased Indologists. Karttunen has taken part in Parpola’s Sāmavedic research program and is preparing an edition of a Jaiminisāmaprayoga, a medieval handbook of domestic rituals in Sanskrit belonging to the Tamil Jaiminiiya school. His other interests include Sanskrit drama and literature, the description of nature in literature and the relation between tradition and modernity in contemporary South Asia.

Docent Bertil Tikkanen is a specialist in South Asian linguistics with broad training in both modern linguistic methods and a wide variety of languages, also outside South Asia. His doctoral dissertation was a synchronic and diachronic study of the Sanskrit gerund, and the converb in South Asian languages is one of his standing interests. Tikkanen has published original grammars of Hindi and Urdu (in Finnish), and articles on South Asian areal and historical linguistics. He has done linguistic fieldwork in northern Pakistan, studying especially Burushaski and Domaki (books on these two languages are in preparation, articles have already appeared). He has also studied Kashmiri, Bengali, Tamil and Kurukh.

Henri Schildt presented his thesis “Traditional South Indian Manor: Architecture of the Keralan Nālukettu House” in November of 2004. It is based on a field study of the domestic architecture of higher castes in Kerala and takes into consideration the local treatises on this subject in Sanskrit and Malayalam.