Good scientific practice is based on the guidelines issued by the National Advisory Board on Research Ethics (www.tenk.fi) and includes the following:
- Modes of action endorsed by the research community
- Ethically sustainable methods conforming to scientific criteria and the openness intrinsic to scientific knowledge in publishing research findings
- Due account of other researchers’ work and achievements
- Research is planned, conducted and reported according to the standards set for scientific knowledge
- The rights and responsibilities of all members of research groups are defined and recorded
- Funding sources and other associations relevant to good scientific conduct are announced
- Good administrative practice and good personnel and financial management
Good study practice
Good study practice must be observed in all university studies along with good scientific practice. Fundamentally this means that completed studies are acquired honestly and reflect the student’s competence accurately.
Applications in practice:
- Written or laboratory assignments and other works claimed as the student’s work have actually been completed by the student in question.
- Only the permitted study aids and implements are used in examinations
- Course attendance is recorded accurately
- The student provides sufficient relevant information on his or her own work and complies with the teacher’s instructions and general provisions.
Teacher’s perspective on good study practice:
- Students receive sufficient guidance, including the learning objectives and contents of the course, work methods and bases for evaluation.
- The University’s general provisions and guidelines of good scientific practice are reviewed with the students and students are instructed to acquire additional information or advice if necessary.
- Setting a good example: The teacher respects copyright in drafting his or her teaching materials and behaves in an appropriate scholarly manner.
- Studies are organised in a way that supports honesty (e.g., lecture examinations are supervised so that cheating is impossible).
- Students are positively motivated to follow good study practices: completing studies honestly and genuinely learning the information offered is more useful in the long run.