Nudge and experimentation – appreciatively critical analysis of experiences

Experimentation and nudges are two topical buzzwords in Finland at the moment. Because of this, it seems appropriate to share some recent work that examines these concepts in an appreciatively critical way.

Nudging – a tool for sustainable behaviour? is a report for the Swedish EPA by Oksana Mont and Matthias Lehner from IIIEE Lund and Eva Heiskanen from the Consumer Society Research Centre. It examines the usefulness of nudges in established welfare states like Sweden (and Finland). The report is also available in Swedish. These  slides offer a short synopsis.

On the topic of experimentation, this article examines some recent experiences of experimentation in Finland – again from a appreciatively critical perspective. It shows that experiments are always performative. In order to serve as “proof of principle” and encourage people to persist in climate action, local low-carbon experiments cannot afford to fail.

Heiskanen, E, Jalas, M & Rinkinen J (2015) The local community as a low-carbon lab: Promises and perils. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 14: 149-164.

Governing Biodiversity through Democratic Deliberation

International politics have until now struggled to deal with the wicked problems of the world. The World Wide Views method has been used since the 2009 UN COP-15 climate negotiations in Copenhagen to give a voice to citizens. University of Helsinki Adjunct Professor Mikko Rask has studied the consultation process, and edited a volume on the use of World Wide Views in biodiversity negotiations together with Richard Worthington:

This book discusses political controversies involved in global biodiversity policy, and the practical opportunities that are opened up in solving them through increased citizen participation and democratic deliberation. It examines the emerging practice of deliberative global governance and its political consequences.

Read more about the WWV process and the book at: (in Finnish)