Finalized projects

Drug related deaths in Finland – Polydrug use, pharmaceuticalisation and social determinants 2010-2018

Funding: Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies, Finnish Cultural Foundation
Topic: This study explores drug related deaths and mortality in the context of pharmaceuticalisation and polydrug use.
Participant: Sanna Rönkä, doctoral project


Gambling Policy in European Welfare Regimes (GPE) 2015-2018

In many European countries, gambling offers a seemingly reliable and growing source to fund welfare regimes and public expenses. This source of revenue is often earmarked for specialised services and in many countries this revenue is used to fund private or semi-private institutions that provide public services such as sports, culture, or health and social services, including associations and charities in (mental) health care and help for substance abusers or other behavioural problems.

Gambling revenue is not always channeled to public use in the form of tax, as there are many institutional ways of doing so, including public gambling companies, sometimes even state monopolies with legal obligations to spend a part of their profits to specified purposes, using charities as revenue collectors and re-distributors, and different mixes of these.
Revenue collection from gambling to the benefit of public treasuries also creates problems.Two types of vicious loops are formed. First, gambling generates public revenue which, simultaneously, generates costs due to gambling-related problems. Secondly, more revenue is needed to address these problems.

Funding: Academy of Finland
Principal Investigator: Pekka Sulkunen
Participants: Janne Nikkinen, Michael Egerer, Virve Marionneau
Partner institutions: Research and Training Centre Eclectica (Turin, Italy), National Institute for Consumer Research SIFO (Oslo, Norway), Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs SoRAD (Stockholm, Sweden)
The book is available for purchase in hardcopy or as an e-book.


From a parenting measure to a crime? The legal regulation and control of parental corporal violence in Finland 1965–2014

Funding: Academy of Finland
Topic: The project examines parent to child violence from the perspectives of legal regulation and the practical consequences of implementing the legislation in the state provided child protection services
Participant: Riikka Kotanen, post doc Project

Exposure of minors to alcohol advertising in the EU (2015-2016)

The purpose of the study was to examine how much an average minor in the EU see alcohol advertising in linear and non-linear audio-visual media services and what types of alcohol advertising minors are exposed to. The study assessed, whether alcohol advertising is specifically targeted at minors and whether the current EU regulation provides the required level of protection.
Research questions: How much alcohol advertising does an average minor see on linear and non-linear audio-visual media services in the EU? What type of alcohol advertising does an average minor see? Are minors specifically targeted by alcohol advertising? In how far is alcohol advertising appealing to minors and how? How far do the provisions of the AVMSD and their application afford the required level of protection?
Funding: European Commission, Directorate-General of Communications Networks, Content & Technology
Participants: Anu Katainen, Matilda Hellman, Janne Seppänen
International collaboration: Ecorys (Netherlands)


Gambling Policy and the Public Good – An International Book Project 2014-2016

The purpose of this book is to describe how the scientific study of gambling behaviour, the gambling industry and the regulation of gambling can contribute to gambling policy and the public good. It will be written to answer some fundamental questions on gambling policy:

  • How can the historical background of gambling inform contemporary gambling policy at the local and national levels?
  • What is the structure of the gambling industry, and how does it compare with gambling activities managed by government monopolies and the informal sector?
  • What is the prevalence of gambling behaviour and gambling problems throughout the world, and how is it changing with the liberalization of gambling regulations?
  • What are the personal, social and societal costs and benefits of gambling, and do the costs outweigh the benefits?
  • What can scientific research tell us about the policies and interventions that have been designed to regulate gambling, treat gambling disorders and prevent gambling problems?

The general approach will be guided by a public health orientation with a strong focus on the strengths and limitations of the available research from the social and behavioural sciences. The scope of the book will be international with a balanced emphasis on implications for developing as well as developed countries.
This book continues the series of public health oriented monographs on addiction policy that started with Alcohol Control Policies in Public Health Perspective by Kettil Bruun and others in 1975, continued with Alcohol Policy and the Public Good by Griffith Edwards and others in 1997, and include most recently Alcohol – No Ordinary Commodity, 2003, and Drug Policy and the Public Good, 2010, by Thomas Babor and other collaborators.
Funding: Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies
Lead: Thomas Babor (University of Connecticut), Pekka Sulkunen (CEACG)
Email: michael.egerer [at]
Tel: +358 2941 23919
The collective international book on gambling policy is now available.


From the social sector to selective individualized prison practices? Studying prisoners’ substance abuse and treatment

Funding: Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies, Nordiska Samarbetsrådet för Kriminologi (NSfK)
Topic: This study explores the changes in substance abuse patterns among Finnish prisoners from 1985 to 2006 as well as changes in the division of labor between different institutions handling harm resulting from substance abuse, along with new prison strategies for finding and treating substance abuse as a risk factor for re-offending.
Participant: Yaira Obstbaum, doctoral project

Addictions in Europe (ALICE RAP) 2011-2016

Funding: EU FP7
Topics: Coordination of Area 1 (Ownership of addiction); WP 3: Images of Addiction. Media analysis and focus group interviews with GPs and social workers concerning image of addiction over time and/ or in different cultures.
Participants: Matilda Hellman, Pekka Sulkunen, Michael Egerer


Study on the exposure of minors to alcohol advertising on linear and non-linear audio-visual media services and other online services, including a content analysis 2015

Funding: EU
Participants: Anu Katainen, Matilda Hellman, Janne Seppänen (TAY), European researchers


Public Sector in Transition (JULKI) 2011-2015

Funding: Academy of Finland, UH
Topic: The role of association in service production and representations: substance use and mental health
Participants: Anna Alanko, Riikka Perälä, Pekka Sulkunen (PI)


Images of adolescent drinking in Finland and Italy 2010-2013 and 2012-2015

Funding: FFAS, Academy of Finland, ERAB
Topic: How do young people and adults define drinking by teenagers in two very different drinking cultures? Is there convergence in drinking patterns, images of drinking, and in the relationship between alcohol and other drugs?
Participants: Anu Katainen, Pekka Sulkunen, Franca Beccaria & team (Eclectica, Italy)


Addiction and images of time, space and body 2012-2015

Funding: Academy of Finland.
Topic: The research project focuses on the ‘being in the world’ of addicted players of Massively multiplayer online role playing games (MMORPGs). It is hypothesized that the behavior is cued, upheld by and lived through extreme and ‘displaced’ perceptions of time, space and body.
Participants: Matilda Hellman, Maija Majamäki


Theories of addiction and images of Addictive behaviours (IMAGES) 2007-2015

Funding: STM, Academy of Finland, HCAS, FFAS, Finnish Foundation for Gambling Research
Topics: images of addiction among professionals, images of adolescent drinking, societal reactions to addicted parents
Participants: Members of CEACG and their international collaborations, Pekka Sulkunen (PI)
Outputs: about 35 research articles, an international collective book in 2015.


The Total Consumption Model and Gambling Problems

Funding (Finland): STM
Topic: What can be learned from the alcohol policy for gambling policy?Participants: Gambling researchers of CEACG, Sirus and others.


Institutional arrangements of Gambling Control in Europe

Funding (Finland): STM
Topic: How do controls of gambling activities differ, and what kinds of dependencies do they generate in different European countries
Participant: Researchers of CEACG


Financialisation and the Welfare State 2011-2015

Funding: Norwegian Research Council
Topic: How does the growing financial sector influence income redistribution, public service provision, housing and what is the impact on welfare and equality in selected European countries
Participant (Finland): Pekka Sulkunen


Images of gambling in Finland and France 2009-2013

Funding: STM, Finnish Gambling Research Foundation, The Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies
Topics: Images of gambling among active gamblers in Helsinki and Paris; gambling environments and images of gambling in popular culture
Participants: Matias Karekallas, Virve Pöysti
Outputs: Virve Pöysti’s dissertation; Matias Karekallas’ dissertation


Concepts and institutions in the Nordic tobacco policy and drug policy 2012-2013

Funding: for travel and work meetings: the NVC
Topic: what concepts and inherent views on tobacco and illicit drugs have justified the development over time in different Nordic countries.
Participants: researchers from Finland (CEACG, THL) , Sweden (SoRAD), Norway (Sirus), Denmark (Århus).
Output: Hellman, M., Roos, G. & von Wright, J. (Eds.) (2012) A Welfare Policy Patchwork: Negotiating the Public Good in times of transition. Helsinki: Nordens välfärdscenter, Stockholm.