Online sources of Kalevalaic poetry

Runolaulu, Regilaul, Kalevalaic / Finnic oral poetry
in English & online

(8.4.2020, a quick draft, please add!)


Runolaulu group in Facebook:

Some popular articles and sources:

Popular article on runolaulu by Heikki Laitinen

Popular article on Kalevala by Irma-Riitta Järvinen

Runolaulu as intangible heritage:

Seto leelo as intangible heritage:

Jukka Saarinen on SKVR-corpus

Original sources

Karelian, Ingrian and Finnish poems:

Estonian poems:

Simple musical notations of Karelian, Ingrian and Finnish melodies (Runosävelmät I & II; also other genres):

Sound recordings:

Kalevala Heritage. CD. Ondine. Also on Spotify.

Estonian songs:

Votic and Izhorian songs:

Seto songs:

Three Karelian songs:

Interesting journals:

Folklore (Electronic journal of Folklore)

Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics

Oral Tradition

Some scientific articles online:

Ahola, Joonas. “Kalevalaic heroic epic and the Viking Age in Finland.” Fibula, Fabula, Fact (2014): 361–386.

Arukask Madis 2009. On the Inter-Genre Transitions of Lametns and Kalevala-metric Songs in the Balto-Finnic Cultural Space – Traditiones. 38, 1 (Oct. 2009), 99–116. DOI:

DuBois, Thomas A. 1996: The Kalevala Received: From Printed Text to Oral Performance. Oral Tradition, 11/2, 270–300.

Frog, Mr. “The Finnic Tetrameter–A Creolization of Poetic Form?.” Studia Metrica et Poetica 6.1 (2019): 20-78.

Haapoja-Mäkelä , Heidi , Stepanova , Eila & Tarkka , Lotte 2018, The Kalevala’s Languages: Receptions, Myths, and Ideologies. Journal of Finnish studies, vol. 21 , no. 1 & 2 , pp. 15-45.

Harvilahti, Lauri 1992: The Production of Finnish Epic Poetry – Fixed Wholes or Creative Compositions? Oral Tradition, 7(1), 87–101. 1.9.2018

Kalkun, Andreas & Oras, Janika 2014: Seto Singing Tradition in Siberia: Songs and “Non-Songs”. Electronic Journal of Foklore 57, 149–186.

Kalkun, Andreas, and Janika Oras. ““Stalin is a wise man, Lenin was a little bird.” On Creating Soviet Folklore in the Seto Region during the Stalin Era.” Res Musica 10: 41–62.

Kalkun, Andreas. “A Woman Voice in an Epic: Tracing Gendered Motifs in Anne Vabarna’s Peko.” Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics 2.2 (2008): 25-46.

Kalkun, Andreas. “Introducing Setos on Stage: On the Early Performances of Seto Singing Culture.” Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore 68 (2017): 7-42.

Kallio, Kati & Frog with Sarv, Mari 2017: What to Call the Poetic Form: Kalevala-Meter or Kalevalaic Verse, regivärss, Runosong, the Finnic Tetrameter, Finnic Alliterative Verse, or Something Else? – RMN Newsletter 12–13: 94–117.

Kallio, Kati 2010: Interperformative Relationships in Ingrian Oral Poetry. – Oral Tradition 25(2), s. 391–427.

Kallio, Kati 2015a: Multimodal Register and Performance Arena in Ingrian Oral Poetry – Registers of Communication, toim. Asif Agha & Frog, Finnish Literature Society, s. 322–335.

Kallio, Kati 2016: Changes in the Poetics of Song during the Finnish Reformation – Re-forming the Early modern North: Text, Music and Church Art, toim. Tuomas M. S. Lehtonen & Linda Kaljundi, Amsterdam University Press, s. 125–155.

Kallio, Kati 2017: Literary Kalevala-Metre and Hybrid Poetics in the 16th and 17th Century Finland. – Folklore: electronic journal of folklore 67, 13–48.

Kallio, Kati 2018: Parallelism and Musical Structures in Ingrian and Karelian Oral Poetry. – Oral Tradition 31(2): 331–354 (Parallelism in Verbal Art and Performance, ed. by Frog & Lotte Tarkka).

Kõmmus, Helen, and Taive Särg. “Star Bride Marries a Cook: The changing processes in the oral singing tradition and in folk song collecting on the Western Estonian island of Hiiumaa. II.” Folklore (14060957) 68 (2017).

Lintrop, Aado. “The great oak, the weaving maidens and the red boat, not to mention a lost brush.” Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore 11 (1999): 7-30.

Oras, Janika. “Favourite Children and Stepchildren: Elite and Vernacular Views of Estonian Folk Song Styles1.” Res Musica 9 (2017): 27-44.

Oras, Janika. “Mari and Marie: Performativity and Creativity of Two Estonian Singers in the Late Nineteenth Century.” Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore 67 (2017): 143-170.

Oras, Janika. “Musical manifestations of textual patterning in Estonian regilaul.” Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics 4.2 (2010): 55-68.

Oras, Janika. “People of the Present and Songs of the Past: Collecting Folk Songs in Estonia in the 1950s and 1960s.” Musikgeschichte in Mittel-und Osteuropa 12 (2008): 99-112.;

Oras, Janika. Individual Rhythmic Variation in Oral Poetry: The Runosong Performances of Seto Singers. Open Linguistics, 5(1), 570-582.

Pärtlas, Žanna. “On the Relict Scales and Melodic Structures in the Seto Shepherd Tune Kar´ ahääl.” Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore 68 (2017): 43-68.

Ross, Kristiina, and Ahti Lohk. ” Words, Forms, and Phrases in Estonian Folksongs and Hymn.” Folklore (14060957) 67 (2017).

Rüütel, Ingrid 1998: Estonian Folk Music Layers in the Context of Ethnic Relations. Folklore 6(6), 32–69.

Saarinen, Jukka 2013: Behind the text: reconstructing the voice of a singer. RMN-newsletter. Limited sources, boundless possibilities : textual scholarship and the challenges of oral and written texts. Eds. Karina Lukin, Frog and Sakari Katajamäki, pp. 34–43.

Saarinen, Jukka. “” Said a Word, Uttered Thus”: Structures and Functions of Parallelism in Arhippa Perttunen’s Poems.” Oral Tradition 31.2 (2017).

Saarlo, Liina. (2017). Regilaul in the Political Whirlpool: On Collecting Regilaul in Northeast Estonia in the Second Half of the 1950s. Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore, (67), 115-142.

Sarv Mari 2020. Stichic and Stanzaic Poetic Form in Estonian Tradition and in Europe. Traditiones [Internet]. 2009Oct.16 [cited 2020Apr.8];38(1):161–171.

Sarv, Mari. (1999). Regilaul: Clearing the alliterative haze. Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore, (10), 126-140.

Sarv, Mari. “Language and poetic metre in regilaul (runo song).” Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore 7 (1998): 87-127.

Sarv, Mari. “Poetic metre as a function of language: linguistic grounds for metrical variation in Estonian runosongs.” Studia Metrica et Poetica 6.2 (2019): 102-148.

Sarv, Mari. “Possible foreign influences on the Estonian regilaul metre: language or culture.” Frontiers in Comparative Prosody(2011): 207-226.

Sarv, Mari. “Towards a Typology of Parallelism in Estonian Poetic Folklore.” Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore 67 (2017): 65–92.

Sarv, Mari. “Traditional Estonian lullabies. A tentative overview.” ESTONIA AND POLAND: Creativity and tradition in cultural communication (2013): 161.

Siikala, Anna-Leena 2000a: Body, Performance, and Agency in Kalevala Rune-singing. Oral Tradition 15(2), 225–278.

Siikala, Anna-Leena. “What myths tell about past Finno-Ugric modes of thinking.” Myths and Mentality: Studies in Folklore and Popular Thought (2002): 15-32.

Stepanova, Eila. “Mythic Elements of Karelian Laments.” Mythic Discourses (2018): 257.

Särg, Taive. “Context-Related Melodies in Oral Culture: An Attempt to Describe Words-and-music relationships in local singing tradition.” Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics 3.1 (2009): 35-56.

Särg, Taive. “Traditional melody variations in Karksi parish (SOUTH-ESTONIA).” Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore 1 (1996): 84-93.

Tarkka, Lotte (2009). The Displaced Bard. Journal of Finnish studies, 13(2), 17–27.

Tarkka, Lotte. “” Word upon a Word”: Parallelism, Meaning, and Emergent Structure in Kalevala-meter Poetry.” Oral Tradition31.2 (2017).

Tarkka, Lotte. “Transformations of epic time and space: creating the world’s creation in Kalevala-metric poetry.” Oral Tradition (1996).