Section 3.1 exercises

EXERCISE 1 – Defining your information need

  1. Which information-retrieval channels should you use to find out:
    a) where to find the book “Ethnography and education”?
    b) how much every university student’s meal is subsidized?
    c) what research has been carried out about chemilumescens?

EXERCISE 2 – Types of information sources

  1. Consider in which primary information sources the newest scientific or academic information is most readily available.



EXERCISE 1 – Defining your information need

  1. a) for example Helka database
    b) Internet search engines, e.g. Google
    c) Subject-specific scientific databases

EXERCISE 2 – Types of information sources

The latest scientific information is published in the following sources:

  • Conference publications that contain the presentations from a certain conference. The publications are usually published a few months after the conference was held, e.g.:

Inversini, A., & Schegg, R. (Eds.). (2016). Information and communication technologies in tourism 2016: Proceedings of the International Conference in Bilbao, Spain, February 2-5, 2016. Cham: Springer.

  • Research reports that research projects may publish even during the project. The reports are usually published in the report series of the department or organisation that carries out the research, e.g.:

Baron, P. A., & Papageorgiou, S. (2016). Setting Language Proficiency Score Requirements for English-as-a-Second-Language Placement Decisions in Secondary Education. (ETS Research Report Series ETS RR-16-17). Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.

  • Articles reporting research in scientific or academic journals. However, getting the article approved, and the peer review process with its checking and possible corrections take a surprisingly long time, so by the time it is published, the article is usually at least one year old.