There are many ways to boost Finland’s Arctic expertise and opportunities for influence in international Arctic operations. The MERMAID project, coordinated by the Finnish Meteorological Institute, focused in particular on developing the maritime cluster and the tourism sector. The project’s final report was published on 7 March (2016) in the publication series of government analysis, assessment and research activities.

The report was commissioned with Finland’s Chairmanship of the Arctic Council in mind, which starts at the beginning of 2017. The final report includes recommendations and proposed action to strengthen Finland s Arctic expertise. It also analyses the role of Russia in the Arctic region.

The future of the Arctic region up to 2035 was examined by means of three different scenarios of the future.  In the scenarios, the most important factors shaping the region were climate change and its impact on the conditions in the region, the geopolitical situation and the advancement of arctic technology. The report also took the global economy and global fossil fuel markets into account. The measures proposed in the report make it possible to develop the Arctic region responsibly and take all parties into consideration.

The recommendations for promoting the general development of the Arctic region range from climate change considerations to improving the status of the Sami to enhancing the management of research, business, investment and catastrophies.

– The unique environnment and culture of the Arctic region, for instance, which are under pressure from globalisation and climate change, must be safeguarded in the future. We must also make sure the region thrives. To this end, together with all parties we need to formulate a national vision on the future of the Arctic region and clear rules of play in the region that take everyone into account, observes Karoliina Pilli-Sihvola, researcher at the Finnish Meteorological Institute.

Finland’s Arctic expertise calls for more cooperation

Finland’s Arctic expertise is an advantage in terms of the development of the maritime cluster, but the study shows that Finland’s potential in the field can be enhanced by further improving knowhow in the maritime cluster. The final report proposes the creation of a multidisciplinary and pragmatic offshore and subsea training programme.

To develop the tourism industry, the report recommends making greater use of the Arctic is Cool concept, for example. This could be done for instance by promoting the Arctic region more generally as a tourist attraction in collaboration with other countries and tourism actors.

The Finnish Meteorological Institute, Centre for Maritime Studies of Turku University, the Multidimensional Tourism Institute of the Lapland University Consortium and the Aleksanteri Institute of Helsinki University took part in the MERMAID project. The project was carried out as part of the implementation of the Government’s 2014 plan for analysis, assessment and research.


Policy Brief 3/2016 “Finland’s Journey towards the Forefront of Responsible Arctic Development – Recommendations”

Policy Brief 4/2016 “Suomi arktisen alueen vastuulliseksi edelläkävijäksi – Toimenpide-ehdotuksia matkailualalle”

Policy Brief 5/2016 “Suomi arktisen alueen vastuulliseksi edelläkävijäksi – Toimenpide-ehdotuksia meriklusterille”

Finland’s journey toward the Forefront of Responsible Arctic Development – Suggestions for General Development, Maritime Cluster and Tourism Measures by 2035 – report  (in Finnish)

Further information about the Government’s analysis, assessment and research activities

Further information:



Finnish Meteorological Institute
Main Contact: Researcher Karoliina Pilli-Sihvola
Research professor Adriaan Perrels
Researcher Riina Haavisto
Researcher Atte Harjanne

Centre for Maritime Studies of the Brahea Centre at the University of Turku
Main contact: Head of Unit Sari Repka
Senior Planning Manager Riitta Pöntynen
Senior Training Manager Anne E. Suominen

Multidimensional Tourism Institute of the Lapland University Consortium
Main contact: Researcher Sanna Kyyrä
Project Manager Pekka Iivari

Aleksanteri Institute, University of Helsinki
Main contact: Professor Veli-Pekka Tynkkynen
Researcher Daria Gritsenko

Posts about the events and publication related to this project can be accessed via the hashtag MERMAID.