This project is a part (formally Component 4a) of a large research project titled “Learning from REDD+ – An Enhanced Global Comparative Analysis” carried out by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and its partners in 12 countries and 23 project sites in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
Module 4a “Carbon Management at the Landscape Scale” research focuses on management at the landscape scale to facilitate adoption of low carbon emission policies and measures. This module will also address improved design of multilevel institutions and processes to overcome economic and policy barriers to REDD+ implementation and other low carbon land use policies.
Expected outcome and research objective:
- Expected outcome: Adoption of low carbon emission policies at landscape and national scales.
- Objective: To improve the design of multilevel institutions and processes to overcome economic and policy barriers to REDD implementation and other low carbon land use policies.
Carbon Management at the Landscape Scale
The research will take a two-pronged approach aimed at improving institutions, processes and tools for low carbon land use decisions, based on better knowledge regarding carbon tradeoffs, at the landscape scale. Landscape approaches to forests and trees emphasize a systematic understanding of complex multi-functional landscapes and the roles of all actors in managing tradeoffs. However, knowledge for and experience of implementing a landscape approach in the context of REDD+ is very limited.
Land use decisions are currently based on poor understanding of tradeoffs regarding carbon effects of different land uses at the landscape scale. The study uses scenarios and modelling analyze alternative futures (carbon outcomes) based on different land use policies, and presents a method for carbon monitoring at landscape scale.
Study sites will be selected from 3 countries: Peru, Tanzania and Indonesia. Landscapes are selected to coincide with lower level political jurisdictions to facilitate governance research and the relationship of policy to land use. Intensive research will involve fieldwork on both topics in 2 sites per country. In addition to CIFOR, the project collaborates with several local and national partners, and it will look for opportunities to cooperate with ICRAF.
Activities related to carbon outcomes include:
- Screening and compilation of existing data
- New carbon data collection where required
- Development of a carbon simulation model CarboScen to allow easy simulation at landscape scale under different land use change scenarios.