(Updated 2021/08/27)

Selected refereed journal articles as well as selected books and book chapters can be found here. For complete lists publications, please refer to the web pages of each researher.

Articles in scientific journals with a referee practice


Holmberg M, Akujärvi A, Anttila S, Autio I, Haakana M, Junttila V, Karvosenoja N, Kortelainen P, Mäkelä A, Minkkinen K, Minunno F, Rankinen K, Ojanen P, Paunu V-V, Peltoniemi M, Rasilo T, Sallantaus T, Savolahti M, Tuominen S, Vanhala P. & Forsius M. Sources and sinks of greenhouse gases in the landscape: Approach for spatially explicit estimates. The Science of the Total Environment 781: 146668. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146668


Juutinen A, Tolvanen A, Saarimaa M, Ojanen P, Sarkkola S, Ahtikoski A, Haikarainen S, Karhu J, Haara A, Nieminen M, Penttilä T, Nousiainen H, Hotanen J-P, Minkkinen K, Kurttila M, Heikkinen K, Sallantaus T, Aapala K & Tuominen S. Cost-effective land-use options of drained peatlands-integrated biophysical-economic modeling approach. Ecological Economics 175: 106704. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106704

Koebsch F, Sonnentag O, Järveoja J, Peltoniemi M, Alekseychik P, Aurela M, Arslan AN, Dinsmore K, Gianelle D, Helfter C, Jackowicz-Korczynski M, Korrensalo A, Leith F, Linkosalmi M, Lohila A, Lund M, Maddison M, Mammarella I, Mander Ü, Minkkinen K, Pickard A, Pullens JWM, Tuittila E-S, Nilsson MB & Peichl M. Refining the role of phenology in regulating gross ecosystem productivity across European peatlands. Global Change Biology 26(2): 876-887. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14905

Korkiakoski M, Ojanen P, Penttilä T, Minkkinen K, Sarkkola S, Rainne J, Laurila T & Lohila A. Impact of partial harvest on CH4 and N2O balances of a drained boreal peatland forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 295: 108168. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108168

Leppä K, Korkiakoski M, Nieminen M, Laiho R, Hotanen J-P, Kieloaho A-J, Korpela L, Laurila T, Lohila A, Minkkinen K, Mäkipää R, Ojanen P, Pearson M, Penttilä T, Tuovinen J-P & Launiainen S. Vegetation controls of water and energy balance of a drained peatland forest: Responses to alternative harvesting practices. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 295: 108198. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108198

Li X, Wahlroos OM, Haapanala S, Pumpanen J, Vasander H, Ojala A, Vesala T & Mammarella I. Carbon dioxide and methane fluxes from different surface types in a created urban wetland. Biogeosciences 17(13): 3409-3425. doi: 10.5194/bg-17-3409-2020

Limpens J, Fijen TPM, Keizer I, Meijer J, Olsthoorn F, Pereira A, Postma R, Suyker M, Vasander H & Holmgren M. Shrubs and Degraded Permafrost Pave the Way for Tree Establishment in Subarctic Peatlands. Ecosystems. doi: 10.1007/s10021-020-00523-6

Liu B, Talukder MJH, Terhonen E, Lampela M, Vasander H, Sun H & Asiegbu F. The microbial diversity and structure in peatland forest in Indonesia. Soil Use and Management 36(1): 123-138. doi: 10.1111/sum.12543

Minkkinen K, Ojanen P, Koskinen M & Penttilä T. Nitrous oxide emissions of undrained, forestry-drained, and rewetted boreal peatlands. Forest Ecology and Management 478: 118494. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118494

Ojanen P & Minkkinen K. Rewetting offers rapid climate benefits for tropical and agricultural peatlands but not for forestry‐drained peatlands. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 34(7): e2019GB006503. doi: 10.1029/2019GB006503

Straková P, Larmola T, Andres J, Ilola N, Launiainen P, Edwards K, Minkkinen K & Laiho R. Quantification of Plant Root Species Composition in Peatlands Using FTIR Spectroscopy. Frontiers in plant science 11: 597. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00597


Jauhiainen J, Alm J, Bjarnadottir B, Callesen I, Christiansen J, Clarke N, Dalsgaard L, He H, Jordan S, Kazanavičiūtė V, Klemedtsson L, Lauren A, Lazdins A, Lehtonen A, Lohila A, Lupikis A, Mander Ü, Minkkinen K, Kasimir Å, Olsson M, Ojanen P, Óskarsson H, Sigurdsson B, Søgaard G, Soosaar K, Vesterdal L & Laiho R. Reviews and syntheses: Greenhouse gas exchange data from drained organic forest soils – a review of current approaches and recommendations for future research. Biogeosciences 16: 4687-4703. doi: 10.5194/bg-16-4687-2019

Juutinen A, Saarimaa M, Ojanen P, Sarkkola S, Haara A, Karhu J, Nieminen M, Minkkinen K, Penttilä M, Laatikainen M & Tolvanen A. Trade-offs between economic returns, biodiversity, and ecosystem services in the selection of energy peat production sites. Ecosystem Services 40: 101027. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2019.101027

Kokkonen N, Laine A, Laine J, Vasander H, Kurki K, Gong J & Tuittila E-S. Responses of peatland vegetation to 15‐year water level drawdown as mediated by fertility level. Journal of Vegetation Science 30(6): 1206-1216. doi: 10.1111/jvs.12794

Korkiakoski M, Tuovinen J-P, Penttilä T, Sarkkola S, Ojanen P, Minkkinen K, Rainne J, Laurila T & Lohila A. Greenhouse gas and energy fluxes in a boreal peatland forest after clear-cutting. Biogeosciences 16: 3703-3723. doi: 10.5194/bg-16-3703-2019

Ojanen P & Minkkinen K. The dependence of net soil CO2 emissions on water table
depth in boreal peatlands drained for forestry. Mires and Peat 24, Article 27: 1-8. doi: 10.19189/MaP.2019.OMB.StA.1751

Ojanen P, Penttilä T, Tolvanen A, Hotanen J-P, Saarimaa M, Nousiainen H & Minkkinen K. Long-term effect of fertilization on the greenhouse gas exchange of low-productive peatland forests. Forest Ecology and Management 432: 786-798. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.10.015

Purre A-H, Penttilä T, Ojanen P, Minkkinen K, Aurela M, Lohila A & Ilomets M. Carbon dioxide fluxes and vegetation structure in rewetted and pristine peatlands in Finland and Estonia. Boreal Environment Research 24: 243–261.


Könönen M, Jauhiainen J, Straková P, Heinonsalo J, Laiho R, Kusin K, Limin S & Vasander H. Deforested and drained tropical peatland sites show poorer peat substrate quality and lower microbial biomass and activity than unmanaged swamp frorest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 123: 229-241. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.04.028

Lampela M, Jauhiainen J, Sarkkola S & Vasander H. To treat or not to treat?  The seedling performance of native tree species for reforestation on degraded tropical peatlands of SE Asia. Forest Ecology and Management 429: 217-225. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.06.029

Mäkiranta P, Laiho R, Mehtätalo L, Straková P, Sormunen J, Minkkinen K, Penttilä T, Fritze H & Tuittila E-S. Responses of phenology and biomass production of boreal fens to climate warming under different water-table level regimes. Global Change Biology 24: 944-956. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13934

Minkkinen K, Ojanen P, Penttilä T, Aurela M, Laurila T, Tuovinen J-P & Lohila A. Persistent carbon sink at a boreal drained bog forest. Biogeosciences 15: 3603-3624. doi: 10.5194/bg-15-3603-2018


Bhuiyan R, Minkkinen K, Helmisaari H-S, Ojanen P, Penttilä K & Laiho R. Estimating fine-root production by tree species and understorey functional groups in two contrasting peatland forests. Plant & Soil 412(1): 299-316. doi: 10.1007/s11104-016-3070-3

Korkiakoski M, Tuovinen J-P, Aurela M, Koskinen M, Minkkinen K, Ojanen P, Penttilä T, Rainne J, Laurila T & Lohila A. Methane exchange at the peatland forest floor – automatic chamber system exposes the dynamics of small fluxes. Biogeosciences 14(7): 1947-1967. doi: 10.5194/bg-14-1947-2017

Lampela M, Jauhiainen J, Sarkkola S & Vasander H. Promising native tree species for reforestation of degraded tropical peatlands. Forest Ecology and Management 394: 52-63. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.12.004

Mathijssen P, Kähkölä N, Tuovinen J-P, Lohila A, Minkkinen K, Laurila T & Väliranta M. Lateral expansion and carbon exchange of a boreal peatland in Finland resulting in 7000 years of positive radiative forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 122(3): 562-577. doi: 10.1002/2016JG003749

Ojanen P, Mäkiranta P, Penttilä T & Minkkinen K. Do logging residue piles trigger extra decomposition of soil organic matter? Forest Ecology and Management 405: 367-380. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2017.09.055

Parkkari M, Parviainen M, Ojanen P & Tolvanen A. Spatial modelling provides a novel tool for estimating the landscape level distribution of greenhouse gas balances. Ecological Indicators 83: 380-389. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.08.014


Jauhiainen J, Page SE & Vasander H. Greenhouse gas dynamics in degraded and restored tropical peatlands. Mires and Peat 17: 06: 1-12. doi: 10.19189/MaP.2016.OMB.229

Jauhiainen J, Silvennoinen H, Könönen M, Limin S & Vasander H. Management driven changes in carbon mineralization dynamics of tropical peat. Biogeochemistry 129(1): 115-132. doi: 10.1007/s10533-016-0222-8

Könönen M, Jauhiainen J, Laiho R, Spetz P, Kusin K, Limin S & Vasander H. Land use increases the recalcitrance of tropical peat. Wetlands Ecology and Management 24(6): 717-731. doi: 10.1007/s11273-016-9498-7

Koskinen M, Maanavilja L, Nieminen M, Minkkinen K & Tuittila E-S. High methane emissions from restored Norway spruce swamps in southern Finland over one growing season. Mires and Peat 17: 02: 1-13. doi: 10.19189/MaP.2015.OMB.202

Lampela M, Jauhiainen J, Kämäri I, Koskinen M, Tanhuanpää T, Valkeapää A & Vasander H. Ground surface microtopography and vegetation patterns in a tropical peat swamp forest. Catena 139: 127-136. doi:

Lehtonen A, Palviainen M, Ojanen P, Kalliokoski T, Nöjd P, Kukkola M, Penttilä T, Mäkipää R, Leppälammi-Kujansuu J & Helmisaari H-S. Modelling fine root biomass of boreal tree stands using site and stand variables. Forest Ecology and Management 359: 361-369. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2015.06.023

Peltoniemi K, Laiho R, Juottonen H, Bodrossy L, Kell D K, ; Minkkinen K, Mäkiranta P, Mehtätalo L, Penttilä T, Siljanen H M P, Tuittila E-S, Tuomivirta T & Fritze H. Responses of methanogenic and methanotrophic communities to warming in varying moisture regimes of two boreal fens. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 97: 144-156. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.03.007

Valkama P, Mäkinen E, Ojala A, Vahtera H, Lahti K, Rantakokko K, Vasander H, Nikinmaa E & Wahlroos O. Seasonal variation in nutrient removal efficiency of a boreal wetland detected by high-frequency on-line monitoring. Ecological Engineering 98: 307-317. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.10.071


Holmgren M, Lin C-Y, Murillo J E, Nieuwenhuis A, Penninkhof J, Sanders N, van Bart T, van Veen H, Vasander H, Vollebregt M E & Limpens J. Positive shrub-tree interactions facilitate woody encroachment in boreal peatlands. Journal of Ecology 103: 58-66. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12331

Laine A, Ehonen S, Juurola E, Mehtätalo L & Tuittila E-S. Performance of late succession species along a chronosequence: Environment does not exclude Sphagnum fuscum from the early stages of mire development. Journal of Vegetation Science 26: 291-301. doi: 10.1111/jvs.12231

Maanavilja L, Kangas L, Mehtätalo L & Tuittila E-S. Rewetting of drained boreal spruce swamp forests results in rapid recovery of Sphagnum production. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 1355-1363. doi:

Marti M, Juottonen H, Robroek B, Yrjälä K, Danielsson Å, Lindgren P-E & Svensson B. Nitrogen and methanogen community composition within and among three Sphagnum dominated peatlands in Scandinavia. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 81: 204-211. doi: j.soilbio.2014.11.016

Morris J, Väliranta M, Sillasoo U, Tuittila E-S & Korhola A. Re-evaluation of late Holocene fire histories of three boreal bogs suggest a link between bog fire and climate. Boreas 44: 60-67. doi: 10.1111/bor.12086

Nieminen M, Koskinen M, Sarkkola S, Laurén A, Kaila A, Kiikkilä, Nieminen T & Ukonmaanaho L. Dissolved Organic Carbon Export from Harvested Peatland Forests with Differing Site Characteristics. Water, Air & Soil Pollution 226: 181. doi: 10.1007/s11270-015-2444-0

Parducci L, Väliranta M, Salonen J S, Ronkainen T, Matetovici I, Fontana S L, Eskola T, Sarala P & Suyama Y. Proxy comparison in ancient peat sediments: pollen, macrofossil and plant DNA. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Biological Sciences 370:1665. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0382

Tupek B, Minkkinen K, Vesala T & Nikinmaa E. CH4 and N2O dynamics in the boreal forest-mire ecotone. Biogeosciences 12: 281-297. doi: 10.5194/bg-12-281-2015

Wahlroos O, Valkama P, Mäkinen E, Ojala A, Vasander H, Väänänen V-M, Halonen A, Lindén L, Nummi P, Ahponen H, Lahti K, Vessman T, Rantakokko K, Nikinmaa E. Urban wetland parks in Finland: improving water quality and creating endangered habitats. International Journal of Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services & Management 11(1): 46-60. doi: 10.1080/21513732.2015.1006681

Wu Y, Blodau C, Bubier J, Juutinen S, Larmola T & Moore T. Effects of experimental nitrogen deposition on peatland carbon pools and fluxes: a modelling analysis. Biogeosciences 12: 79-101. doi: 10.5194/bg-12-79-2015


Jauhiainen J, Kerojoki O, Silvennoinen H, Limin S & Vasander H. Heterotrophic respiration in drained tropical peat is greatly affected by temperature – a passive ecosystem cooling experiment. Environmental Research Letters 9: 105013. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/10/105013

Kangas L, Maanavilja L, Hájek T, Juurola E, Chimner R, Mehtätalo L & Tuittila E-S. Photosynthetic traits of Sphagnum and feather moss species in undrained, drained and rewetted boreal spruce swamp forests. Ecology and Evolution 4: 381–396. doi: 10.1002/ece3.939

Laiho R, Bhuiyan R, Straková P, Mäkiranta P, Badorek T & Penttilä T. Modified ingrowth core method plus infrared calibration models for estimating fine root production in peatlands. Plant and Soil 385(1–2): 311–327. doi: 10.1007/s11104-014-2225-3

Lampela M, Jauhiainen J & Vasander H. Surface peat structure and chemistry in a tropical peat swamp forest. Plant and Soil 382: 329-347. doi: 10.1007/s11104-014-2187-5

Larmola T, Leppänen S, Tuittila E-S, Aarva M, Merilä P, Fritze H, & Tiirola M. Methanotrophy induces nitrogen fixation during peatland development. PNAS 111: 734–739. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1314284111

Maanavilja L, Aapala K, Haapalehto T, Kotiaho J S & Tuittila E-S. Impact of drainage and hydrological restoration on vegetation structure in boreal spruce swamp forests. Forest Ecology and Management 330: 115-125. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.07.004

Mathijssen P, Tuovinen J-P, Lohila A, Aurela M, Juutinen S, Laurila T, Niemelä E, Tuittila E-S, Väliranta M. Development, carbon accumulation, and radiative forcing of a subarctic fen over the Holocene. Holocene 24: 1156–1166. doi: 10.1177/0959683614538072

Koskinen M, Minkkinen K, Ojanen P, Kämäräinen M, Laurila T & Lohila A. Measurements of CO2 exchange with an automated chamber system throughout the year: challenges in measuring nighttime respiration on porous peat soil. Biogeosciences 11: 347–363. doi: 10.5194/bg-11-347-2014

Ojanen P, Lehtonen A, Heikkinen J, Penttilä T, Minkkinen K. Soil CO2 balance and its uncertainty in forestry-drained peatlands in Finland. Forest Ecology and Management 325: 60–73. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.03.049

Putkinen A, Larmola T, Tuomivirta T, Siljanen H, Bodrossy L, Tuittila E-S & Fritze H. Peatland succession induces a shift in the community composition of Sphagnum-associated active methanotrophs. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 88: 596–611. doi: 10.1111/1574-6941.12327

Ronkainen T, McClymont E, Tuittila E-S & Väliranta M. Plant macrofossil and biomarker evidence of fen-bog transition and associated changes in vegetation. Holocene 24: 828-841. doi: 10.1177/0959683614530442


Charman D J, Beilman D W, Blaauw M, … Väliranta, M, … Climate-related changes in peatland carbon accumulation during the last millennium. Biogeosciences 10: 929–944. doi: 10.5194/bg-10-929-2013

Čížková H, Květ J, Comín F, Laiho R, Pokorný J & Pithart D. Actual state of European wetlands and their possible future in the context of global climate change. Aquatic Sciences 75(1): 3–26. doi: 10.1007/s00027-011-0233-4

Juutinen S, Väliranta M, Kuutti V, Laine A M, Virtanen T, Seppä H, Weckström J & Tuittila E-S. Short-term and long-term carbon dynamics in a northern peatland-stream-lake continuum: A catchment approach. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 118. doi: 10.1002/jgrg.20028

Kotiaho M, Fritze H, Merilä P, Tuomivirta T, Väliranta M, Korhola A, Karofeld E & Tuittila E-S. Actinobacteria community structure in the peat profile of boreal bogs follows a variation in the microtopographical gradient similar to vegetation. Plant and Soil 369(1-2): 103–114. doi: 10.1007/s11104-012-1546-3

Ojanen P, Minkkinen K & Penttilä T. The current greenhouse gas impact of forestry-drained boreal peatlands. Forest Ecology and Management 289: 201–208. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.10.008

Pearson M, Saarinen, M, Heiskanen J, Sarjala T & Laine J. High and dry: Consequences of drought exposure in Scots pine seedlings grown in authentic peat soil. Suo – Mires and Peat 64: 1–22. pdf

Pearson M, Saarinen M, Nummelin L, Heiskanen J, Roitto M, Sarjala T & Laine J. Tolerance of peat-grown Scots pine seedlings to waterlogging and drought: Morphological, physiological, and metabolic responses to stress. Forest Ecology and Management 307: 4353. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.07.007

Ronkainen T, McClymont E, Väliranta M & Tuittila E-S. n-alkane and sterol composition of living fen plants as a potential tool for palaeoecological studies. Organic Geochemistry 59: 1–9. doi: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2013.03.005

Ruppel M, Väliranta M, Virtanen T & Korhola A. Postglacial spatiotemporal peatland initiation and lateral expansion dynamics in North America and northern Europe. Holocene 23: 1596-1606. doi: 10.1177/0959683613499053

Tarvainen O, Laine A M, Mäenpää M, Tolvanen A. Mineralization and decomposition rates in restored pine fens. Restoration Ecology, Online 16 Oct 2012, doi: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2012.00930.x

Tuittila E-S, Juutinen S, Frolking S, Väliranta M, Laine A, Miettinen A, Seväkivi M-L, Quillet A & Merilä, P. Wetland chronosequence as a model of peatland development: Vegetation succession, peat and carbon accumulation. Holocene 23: 25–35. doi: 10.1177/0959683612450197


Bragazza L, Buttler A, Habermarcher J, Brancaleoni L, Gerdol R, Fritze H, Hanajík P, Laiho R & Johnson D. 2012. High nitrogen deposition alters the decomposition of bog plant litter and reduces carbon accumulation. Global Change Biology 10: 1163–1172. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02585.x

Hooijer A, Page S, Jauhiainen J, Lee WA, Lu XX, Idris A & Anshari G. 2012. Subsidence and carbon loss in drained tropical peatlands. Biogeosciences 9: 1053-1071. pdf

Jauhiainen J, Hooijer A & Page SE. 2012. Carbon dioxide emissions from an Acacia plantation on peatland in Sumatra, Indonesia. Biogeosciences 9: 617-630. pdf

Jauhiainen J, Silvennoinen H, Hämäläinen R, Kusin K, Limin S, Raison RJ & Vasander H. 2012. Nitrous oxide fluxes from tropical peat with different disturbance history and management. Biogeosciences 9: 1337-1350. pdf

Juottonen H, Hynninen A, Nieminen M, Tuomivirta TT, Tuittila E-S, Nousiainen H, Kell DK, Yrjälä K, Tervahauta A & Fritze H. 2012. Methane-cycling microbial communities and methane emission in natural and restored peatlands. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 78: 6386-6389. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00261-12

Laine AM, Bubier J, Riutta T, Nilsson MB, Moore TR, Vasander H & Tuittila E-S. 2012. Abundance and composition of plant biomass as potential controls for mire NEE. Botany 90: 63-74. doi: 10.1139/b11-068

Mäkiranta P, Laiho R, Penttilä T & Minkkinen K. 2012. The impact of logging residue on soil GHG fluxes in a drained peatland forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 48: 1–9. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.01.005

Ojanen P, Minkkinen K, Lohila A, Badorek T & Penttilä T. 2012 Chamber measured soil respiration: A useful tool for estimating the carbon balance of peatland forest soils? Forest Ecology and Management 277: 132–140. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.04.027

Pearson M, Saarinen M, Minkkinen K, Silvan N & Laine J. Short-term impacts of soil preparation on greenhouse gas fluxes: A case study in nutrient-poor, clearcut peatland forest. Forest Ecology and Management 283: 10–26. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.07.011

Peltoniemi K, Straková P, Fritze H, Alvira Iráizoz P, Pennanen T & Laiho R. 2012. How water-level drawdown modifies litter decomposing fungal and actinobacterial communities in boreal peatlands. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 51: 20-34. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.04.013

Putkinen A, Larmola T, Tuomivirta T, Siljanen HMP, Bodrossy L, Tuittila E-S & Fritze H. 2012. Water dispersal of methanotrophic bacteria maintains functional methane oxidation in Sphagnum mosses. Frontiers in Microbiology 3, 15, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2012.00015

Straková P, Penttilä T, Laine J & Laiho R. 2012. Disentangling direct and indirect effects of water level drawdown on above- and belowground plant litter decomposition: Consequences for accumulation of organic matter in boreal peatlands. Global Change Biology 18: 322-335. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02503.x

Väliranta M, Blundell A, Charman D, Karofeld E, Korhola A, Sillasoo Ü & Tuittila E-S. 2012. Reconstructing peatland water table using transfer function for plant macrofossils and testate amoebae: a methodological comparison. Quaternary International 268: 34-43. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.05.024


Andersen R, Poulin M, Borcard D, Laiho R, Laine J, Vasander H & Tuittila E-S. 2011. Environmental control and spatial structures in peatland vegetation. Journal of Vegetation Science 22: 878–890. doi: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2011.01295.x

Badorek T, Tuittila E-S, Ojanen P & Minkkinen K. 2011. Forest floor photosynthesis and respiration in a drained peatland forest in southern Finland. Plant Ecology and Diversity 4: 227-241. doi: 10.1080/17550874.2011.644344

Bubier JL, Smith R, Juutinen S, Moore TR, Minocha R, Long S & Minocha S. 2011. Effects of nutrient addition on leaf chemistry, morphology, and photosynthetic capacity of three bog shrubs. Oecologia 167: 355-368. doi: 10.1007/s00442-011-1998-9

Frolking S, Talbot J, Jones MC, Treat CC, Kauffman JB, Tuittila E-S & Roulet N. 2011. Peatlands in the Earth’s 21st century coupled climate-carbon system. Environmental Reviews 19: 371-396. doi: 10.1139/a11-014

Haapalehto TO, Vasander H, Jauhiainen S, Tahvanainen T & Kotiaho JS. 2011. The effects of peatland restoration on water-table depth, elemental concentrations, and vegetation: 10 years of changes. Restoration Ecology 19: 587-598. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2010.00704.x

Koskinen M, Sallantaus T & Vasander H. 2011. Post-restoration development of organic carbon and nutrient leaching from two ecohydrologically different peatland sites. Ecological Engineering 37: 1008-1016. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.06.036

Laiho R, Ojanen P, Ilomets M, Hájek T & Tuittila E-S. 2011. Moss production in a boreal, forestry-drained peatland. Boreal Environment Research 16: 441–449. pdf

Laine A, Juurola E, Hájek T & Tuittila E-S. 2011. Sphagnum growth and ecophysiology during mire succession. Oecologia 167: 1115-1125. doi: 10.1007/s00442-011-2039-4

Laine AM, Leppälä M, Tarvainen O, Päätalo M-L, Seppänen R & Tolvanen A. 2011. Restoration of managed pine fens: effect on hydrology and vegetation. Applied Vegetation Science 14: 340-349. doi: 10.1111/j.1654-109X.2011.01123.x

Leppälä M, Laine A & Tuittila E-S. 2011 Winter carbon losses from a boreal mire succession sequence follow summertime patterns in carbon dynamics. Suo 62: 1-11. pdf

Leppälä M, Laine A, Seväkivi M-L & Tuittila E-S. 2011. Differences in CO2 dynamics between successional mire plant communities during wet and dry summers. Journal of Vegetation Science 22: 357-366. doi: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2011.01259.x

Leppälä M, Oksanen J & Tuittila E-S. 2011. Methane flux dynamics during mire succession. Oecologia 165: 489-499. doi: 10.1007/s00442-010-1754-6

Lohila A, Minkkinen K, Aurela M, Tuovinen J-P, Penttilä T, Ojanen P & Laurila T. 2011. Greenhouse gas flux measurements in a forestry-drained peatland indicate a large carbon sink. Biogeosciences 8: 3203–3218. pdf

Maanavilja L, Riutta T, Aurela M, Pulkkinen M, Laurila T & Tuittila E-S. 2011. Spatial variation in CO2 exchange at a northern aapa mire. Biogeochemistry 104: 325-345. doi: 10.1007/s10533-010-9505-7

Omoro LMA, Laiho R, Starr M & Pellikka PKE. 2011. Relationships between native tree species and soil properties in the indigenous forest fragments of the Eastern Arc Mountains of the Taita Hills, Kenya. Forestry Studies in China 13: 198-210. doi: 10.1007/s11632-011-0303-7

Pearson M, Saarinen, M, Minkkinen K, Silvan N & Laine J. Mounding and scalping prior to reforestation of hydrologically sensitive deep-peated sites: factors behind Scots pine regeneration success. Silva Fennica 45: 647–667. pdf

Sillasoo Ü, Väliranta M & Tuittila E-S. 2011. Fire history and vegetation recovery in two raised bogs at the Baltic Sea. Journal of Vegetation Science 22: 1084–1093. doi: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2011.01307.x

Straková P, Niemi RM, Freeman C, Peltoniemi K, Toberman H, Heiskanen I, Fritze H & Laiho R. 2011. Litter type affects the activity of aerobic decomposers in a boreal peatland more than site nutrient and water level regimes. Biogeosciences 8: 2741–2755. pdf

Tuomi M, Laiho R, Repo A & Liski J. 2011. Wood decomposition model for boreal forests. Ecological Modelling 222: 709-718. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.10.025

Väliranta M, Siitonen S, Weckström J, Seppä S, Alkio J, Juutinen S & Tuittila E-S. 2011. Holocene aquatic ecosystem change in the boreal vegetation zone of Northern Finland. Journal of Palaeolimnology 45: 339-352. doi: 10.1007/s10933-011-9501-5

Yrjälä K, Tuomivirta T, Juottonen H, Putkinen A, Lappi K, Tuittila E-S, Penttilä T, Minkkinen K, Laine J, Peltoniemi K & Fritze H. 2011. CH4 production and oxidation processes in a boreal fen ecosystem after long-term water table drawdown. Global Change Biology 17: 1311–1320. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02290.x


Drewer J, Lohila A, Aurela M, Laurila T, Minkkinen K, Penttilä T, Dinsmore KJ, McKenzie RM, Helfter C, Flechard C, Sutton MA & Skiba UM. 2010.  Comparison of greenhouse gas fluxes and nitrogen budgets from an ombotrophic bog in Scotland and a minerotrophic sedge fen in Finland.  European Journal of Soil Science 61: 640–650. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2010.01267.x

Frolking S, Roulet NT, Tuittila E, Bubier JL, Quillet A, Talbot J & Richard PJH. 2010. A new model of Holocene peatland net primary production, decomposition, water balance, and peat accumulation. Earth System Dynamics 1: 1-21. pdf

Galand PE, Yrjälä K & Conrad R. 2010. Stable carbon isotope fractionation during methanogenesis in three boreal peatland ecosystems. Biogeosciences 7: 3893-3900. pdf

Hooijer A, Page S, Canadell JG, Silvius M, Kwadijk J, Wösten H & Jauhiainen J. 2010. Current and future CO2 emissions from drained peatlands in Southeast Asia. Biogeosciences 7: 1505-1514. pdf

Juutinen S, Bubier JL & Moore TR. 2010. Responses of Vegetation and Ecosystem CO2 Exchange to 9 Years of Nutrient Addition at Mer Bleue Bog. Ecosystems  13: 874-887. doi: 10.1007/s10021-010-9361-2

Kotiaho M, Fritze H, Merilä P, Juottonen H, Leppälä M, Laine J, Laiho R, Yrjälä K & Tuittila E-S. 2010. Methanogen activity in relation to water table level in two boreal fens. Biology and Fertility of Soils 46: 567-575. doi: 10.1007/s00374-010-0461-0

Larmola T, Tuittila E-S, Tiirola M, Nykänen H, Martikainen P, Yrjälä K, Tuomivirta T & Fritze H. 2010. The role of Sphagnum mosses in the methane cycling of a boreal mire. Ecology 91: 2356-2365. doi: 10.1890/09-1343

Lohila A, Minkkinen K, Laine J, Savolainen I, Tuovinen J-P, Korhonen L, Laurila T, Tietäväinen H & Laaksonen A. 2010. Forestation of boreal peatlands — impacts of changing albedo and greenhouse gas fluxes on radiative forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research 115, G04011, doi: 10.1029/2010JG001327

Lohila A, Aurela M, Hatakka J, Pihlatie M, Minkkinen K, Penttilä T & Laurila T. 2010. Responses of N2O fluxes to temperature, water table and N deposition in a northern boreal fen. European Journal of Soil Science 61: 651-661. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2010.01265.x

Mäkiranta P, Riutta T, Penttilä T & Minkkinen K. 2010. Dynamics of net ecosystem CO2 exchange and heterotrophic soil respiration following clearfelling in a drained peatland forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150: 1585–1596. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.08.010

Ojanen P, Minkkinen K, Alm J & Penttilä T. 2010. Soil–atmosphere CO2, CH4 and N2O fluxes in boreal forestry-drained peatlands. Forest Ecology and Management 260: 411–421. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.04.036

Palviainen M, Finér L, Laiho R, Shorohova E, Kapitsa E & Vanha-Majamaa I. 2010. Carbon and nitrogen release from decomposing Scots pine, Norway spruce and silver birch stumps. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 390–398. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.10.034

Palviainen M, Finér L, Laiho R, Shorohova E, Kapitsa E & Vanha-Majamaa I. 2010. Phosphorus and base cation accumulation and release patterns in decomposing Scots pine, Norway spruce and silver birch stumps. Forest Ecology and Management 260: 1478–1489. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.07.046

Pihlatie MK, Kiese R, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Kieloaho A-J, Laurila T, Lohila A, Mammarella I, Minkkinen K, Penttilä T, Schönborn J & Vesala T. 2010. Greenhouse gas fluxes in a drained peatland forest during spring frost-thaw event. Biogeosciences 7: 1715-1727. pdf

Sarkkola S, Hökkä H, Koivusalo H, Nieminen M, Ahti E, Päivänen J & Laine J. 2010. Role of tree stand evapotranspiration in maintaining satisfactory drainage conditions in drained peatlands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 1485-1496. doi: 10.1139/X10-084

Soini P, Riutta T, Yli-Petäys M & Vasander H. 2010. Comparison of vegetation and CO2 dynamics between a restored cut-away peatland and a pristine fen: Evaluation of the restoration success. Restoration Ecology 18: 894-903. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2009.00520.x

Straková P, Anttila J, Spetz P, Kitunen V, Tapanila T & Laiho R. 2010. Litter quality and its response to water level drawdown in boreal peatlands at plant species and community level. Plant and Soil 335: 501-520. doi: 10.1007/s11104-010-0447-6

Toberman H, Laiho R, Evans CD, Artz RRE, Fenner N, Straková P & Freeman C. 2010. Long-term drainage for forestry inhibits extracellular phenol oxidase activity in Finnish boreal mire peat. European Journal of Soil Science 61: 950-957. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2010.01292.x


Hájek T, Tuittila E-S, Ilomets M & Laiho R. 2009. Light responses of mire mosses – a key to survival after water-level drawdown? Oikos 118: 240-250. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2008.16528.x pdf

Hirano T, Jauhiainen J, Inoue T & Takahashi H. 2009. Controls on the carbon balance of tropical peatlands. Ecosystems 12: 873-887. doi: 10.1007/s10021-008-9209-1

Juutinen S, Rantakari M, Kortelainen P, Huttunen JT, Larmola T, Alm J, Silvola J & Martikainen PJ. 2009. Methane dynamics in different boreal lake types. Biogeosciences 6: 209-223.

Laine A, Byrne KA, Kiely G & Tuittila E-S. 2009. The short-term effect of altered water level on carbon dioxide and methane fluxes in a blanket bog. Suo 60: 65-83.

Laine A, Riutta T, Juutinen S, Väliranta M & Tuittila E-S. 2009. Acknowledging the level of spatial heterogeneity in modeling/reconstructing CO2 exchange in a northern aapa mire. Ecological Modelling 220: 2646-2655. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.06.047

Mäkiranta P, Laiho R, Fritze H, Hytönen J, Laine J & Minkkinen K. 2009. Indirect regulation of heterotrophic peat soil respiration by water level via microbial community structure and temperature sensitivity. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41: 695-703. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.01.004

Murphy M, Laiho R & Moore T. 2009. Effects of water table drawdown on root production and aboveground biomass in a boreal bog. Ecosystems 12: 1268–1282. doi: 10.1007/s10021-009-9283-z

Page S, Hosciło A, Wösten H, Jauhiainen J, Silvius M, Rieley J, Ritzema H, Tansey K, Graham L, Vasander H & Limin S. 2009. Ecological restoration of tropical peatlands – Current knowledge and future research directions. Ecosystems 12: 888-905.  doi: 10.1007/s10021-008-9216-2

Peltoniemi K, Fritze H & Laiho R. 2009. Responses of fungal and actinobacterial communities to water-level drawdown in boreal peatland sites. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41: 1902-1914. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.06.018

Putkinen A, Juottonen H, Juutinen S, Tuittila E-S, Fritze H & Yrjälä K. 2009. Archaeal rRNA communities and methane production in deep boreal peat. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 70: 87-98. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2009.00738.x

Sottocornola M, Laine M, Kiely G, Byrne KA & Tuittila E-S. 2009. Vegetation and environmental variation in an Atlantic blanket bog in South-western Ireland. Plant Ecology 203: 69–81. doi: 10.1007/s11258-008-9510-2

Tuomivirta TT, Yrjälä K & Fritze H. 2009. Quantitative PCR of pmoA using a novel reverse primer correlates with potential methane oxidation in Finnish fen. Research in Microbiology 160: 751-756.

Vávřová P, Laiho R & Penttilä T. 2009. Decomposition of Scots pine fine woody debris in boreal conditions: Implications for estimating carbon pools and fluxes. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 401-412. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2008.09.017′

Wilson D, Alm J, Byrne KA, Laine J, Farrell EP & Tuittila E-S. 2009. Rewetting of cutaway peatlands: Are we re-creating hot spots of methane emissions? Restoration Ecology 17: 796 – 806. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2008.00416.x


Artz RRE, Chapman SJ, Siegenthaler A, Mitchell EAD, Buttler A, Bortoluzzi E, Gilbert D, Yli-Petäys M, Vasander H & Francez A-J. 2008. Functional microbial diversity in regenerating cutover peatlands responds to vegetation succession. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 1799-1809.

Jaatinen K, Laiho R, Vuorenmaa A, del Castillo U, Minkkinen K, Pennanen T, Penttilä T & Fritze H. 2008. Responses of aerobic microbial communities and soil respiration to water level drawdown in a northern boreal fen. Environmental Microbiology 10: 339-353. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01455.x

Jauhiainen J, Limin S, Silvennoinen H & Vasander H. 2008. Carbon dioxide and methane fluxes in drainage affected tropical peat before and after hydrological restoration. Ecology 89: 3503-3514. doi: 10.1890/07-2038.1

Juottonen H, Tuittila E-S, Juutinen S, Fritze H & Yrjälä K. 2008. Seasonality of rDNA- and rRNA-derived archaeal communities and methanogenic potential in a boreal mire. The ISME Journal 2: 1157–1168. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2008.66

Kivimäki S, Yli-Petäys M & Tuittila E-S. 2008. Carbon sink function of sedge and Sphagnum patches in a restored cut-away peatland: increased functional diversity leads to higher production. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 921–929. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01458.x

Kojola S, Hökkä H, Laiho R & Penttilä T. 2008. Harvennusten ja kunnostusojitusten vaikutus puuston kasvuun ja tuotokseen ojitetuilla rämeillä – simulointitutkimus. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 2/2008: 75-95. pdf

Laiho R, Sarkkola S, Kaunisto S, Laine J & Minkkinen K. 2008. Macroscale variation in peat element concentrations in drained boreal peatland forests. Silva Fennica 42: 555-570. pdf

Leppälä M, Kukko-Oja K, Laine J & Tuittila E-S. 2008. Seasonal dynamics of CO2 exchange during primary succession of boreal mires as controlled by phenology of plants. Écoscience 15: 460-471. doi: 10.2980/15-4-3142 pdf

Mäkiranta P, Minkkinen K, Hytönen J & Laine J. 2008. Factors causing temporal and spatial variation in heterotrophic and rhizospheric components of soil respiration in afforested organic soil croplands in Finland. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 40: 1592-1600. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.01.009

Palviainen M, Laiho R, Mäkinen H & Finér L. 2008. Do decomposing Scots pine, Norway spruce and birch stems retain nitrogen? Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 3047-3055. doi: 10.1139/X08-147

Ťupek B, Minkkinen K, Kolari P, Starr M, Chan T, Alm J, Vesala T, Laine J & Nikinmaa E. 2008. Forest floor versus ecosystem CO2 exchange along boreal ecotone between upland forest and lowland mire. Tellus 60B: 153-166. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00328.x

Väänänen R, Nieminen M, Vuollekoski M, Nousiainen H, Sallantaus T, Tuittila E-S & Ilvesniemi H. 2008: Retention of phosphorus by peatland buffer zones at six forested catchments in southern Finland. Silva Fennica 42: 211-231. pdf


Alm J, Shurpali NJ, Tuittila E-S, Laurila T, Maljanen M, Saarnio S & Minkkinen K. 2007. Methods for determining emission factors for the use of peat and peatlands — flux measurements and modelling. Boreal Environment Research 12: 85–100. pdf

Alm J, Shurpali NJ, Minkkinen K, Aro L, Hytönen J, Laurila T, Lohila A, Maljanen M, Martikainen PJ, Mäkiranta P, Penttilä T, Saarnio S, Silvan N, Tuittila E-S & Laine J. 2007. Emission factors and their uncertainty for the exchange of CO2, CH4 and N2O in Finnish managed peatlands. Boreal Environment Research 12: 191–209. pdf

Aurela M, Riutta T, Laurila T, Tuovinen JP, Vesala T, Tuittila E-S, Rinne J, Haapanala S & Laine J. 2007. CO2 exchange of a sedge fen in southern Finland – the impact of a drought period. Tellus 59B: 826-837. doi: 10.1111/j.16000889.2007.00309.

Jaatinen K, Fritze H, Laine J & Laiho R. 2007. Effects of short- and long-term water-level drawdown on the populations and activity of aerobic decomposers in a boreal peatland. Global Change Biology 13: 491-510. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01312.x

Jandl R, Lindner M, Bauwens B, Vesterdal L, Baritz R, Hagedorn F, Johnson DW, Minkkinen K & Byrne KA. 2007. How strongly can forest management influence soil carbon sequestration? Geoderma 137: 253–268. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2006.09.003

Kirkinen J, Minkkinen K, Penttilä T, Kojola S, Sievänen R, Alm J, Saarnio S, Silvan N, Laine J & Savolainen I. 2007. Greenhouse impact due to different peat fuel utilisation chains in Finland — a life-cycle approach. Boreal Environment Research 12: 211–223. pdf

Laine A, Byrne KA, Kiely G & Tuittila E-S. 2007. Patterns in vegetation and CO2 dynamics along a water level gradient in a lowland blanket bog. Ecosystems 10: 890–905. doi: 10.1007/s10021-007-9067-2

Lohila A, Laurila T, Aro L, Aurela M, Tuovinen J-P, Laine J, Kolari P & Minkkinen K. 2007. Carbon dioxide exchange above a 30-year-old Scots pine plantation established on organic-soil cropland. Boreal Environment Research 12: 141–157. pdf

Mäkiranta P, Hytönen J, Aro L, Maljanen M, Pihlatie M, Potila H, Shurpali NJ, Laine J, Lohila A, Martikainen PJ & Minkkinen K. 2007. Soil greenhouse gas emissions from afforested organic soil croplands and cutaway peatlands. Boreal Environment Research 12: 159–175. pdf

Maljanen M, Hytönen J, Mäkiranta P, Alm J, Minkkinen K, Laine J & Martikainen PJ. 2007. Greenhouse gas emissions from cultivated and abandoned organic croplands in Finland. Boreal Environment Research 12: 133–140. pdf

Minkkinen K, Laine J, Shurpali NJ, Mäkiranta P, Alm J & Penttilä T. 2007. Heterotrophic soil respiration in forestry-drained peatlands. Boreal Environment Research 12: 115–126. pdf

Minkkinen K, Penttilä T & Laine J. 2007. Tree stand volume as a scalar for methane fluxes in forestry-drained peatlands in Finland. Boreal Environment Research 12: 127–132. pdf

Rinne J, Riutta T, Pihlatie M, Aurela M, Haapanala S, Tuovinen J-P, Tuittila E-S & Vesala T. 2007 Annual cycle of methane emission from a boreal fen measured by the eddy covariance technique. Tellus 59B: 449–457. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00261.x

Riutta T, Laine J, Aurela M, Rinne J, Vesala T, Laurila T, Haapanala S, Pihlatie M & Tuittila E-S. 2007: Spatial variation in plant community functions regulates carbon gas dynamics in a boreal fen ecosystem. Tellus 59B: 838-852. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00302.x

Riutta T, Laine J & Tuittila E-S. 2007. Sensitivity of CO2 exchange of fen ecosystem components to water level variation. Ecosystems 10: 718-733. doi: 10.1007/s10021-007-9046-7

Saarnio S, Morero M, Shurpali NJ, Tuittila E-S, Mäkilä M & Alm J. 2007. Annual CO2 and CH4 fluxes of pristine boreal mires as a background for the lifecycle analyses of peat energy. Boreal Environment Research 12: 101–113. pdf

Tobin B, Čermák J, Chiatante D, Danjon F, Di Iorio A, Dupuy L, Eshel A, Jourdan C, Kalliokoski T, Laiho R, Nadezhdina N, Nicoll B, Pagès L, Silva J & Spanos I. 2007. Towards developmental modelling of tree root systems. Plant Biosystems 141: 481-501. doi: 10.1080/11263500701626283 view

Tuittila E-S, Väliranta M, Laine J & Korhola A. 2007. Quantifying patterns and controls of mire vegetation succession in a southern boreal bog in Finland using partial ordinations. Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 891-902. doi: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2007.tb02605.x

Väliranta M, Korhola A, Seppä H, Tuittila E-S, Sarmaja-Korjonen K, Laine J & Alm J. 2007. High-resolution reconstruction of wetness dynamics in a southern boreal raised bog, Finland, during the late Holocene: a quantitative approach. Holocene 17: 1093-1107. doi: 10.1177/0959683607082550

Wilson D, Alm J, Riutta T, Laine J, Byrne KA, Farrell EP & Tuittila E-S. 2007. A high resolution green area index for modelling the seasonal dynamics of CO2 exchange in vascular plant peatland communities. Plant Ecology 190: 37–51. doi: 10.1007/s11258-006-9189-1

Wilson D, Tuittila E-S, Alm J, Laine J, Farrell E P & Byrne KA. 2007. Carbon dioxide dynamics of a restored maritime peatland. Ecoscience 14: 71-80.

Yli-Petäys M, Laine J, Vasander H & Tuittila E-S. 2007. Carbon gas exchange of a re-vegetated cut-away peatland five decades after abandonment. Boreal Environment Research 12: 177–190. pdf


Charman, D.J., Blundell A. & ACCROTELM members 2006: A new European testate amoebae transfer function for palaeohydrological reconstruction on ombrotrophic peatlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 22:  209–221. doi: 10.1002/jqs.1026

Domisch, T., Finér, L., Laine, J. & Laiho, R. 2006. Decomposition and nitrogen dynamics of litter in peat soils from two climatic regions under different temperature regimes. European Journal of Soil Biology 42: 74-81. doi: 10.1016/j.ejsobi.2005.09.017

Juottonen, H., Galand, P.E. & Yrjälä, K. 2006. Detection of methanogenic Archaea in peat: comparison of PCR primers targeting the mcrA gene. Research in Microbiology 175: 914-921.

Laiho, R. 2006. Decomposition in peatlands: Reconciling seemingly contrasting results on the impacts of lowered water levels. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38: 2011-2024. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.02.017

Laiho, R., Penttilä, T., Vasander, H., Laine, J. & Alm, J. 2006. Post-drainage dynamics of P uptake by trees and ground vegetation in Scots pine-dominated peatlands. Suo 57: 1-10. pdf

Laine, A., Sottocornola, M., Kiely, G., Byrne, K.A., Wilson, D., & Tuittila E-S. 2006. Estimating net ecosystem exchange in a patterned ecosystem: an example from a blanket bog. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 138: 231–243. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.05.005

Merilä P., Galand P., Fritze H., Tuittila, E.-S., Kukko-Oja, K., Laine, J. & Yrjälä, K. 2006: Development of methanogen communities during a primary succession of mire ecosystems. FEMS Microbial Ecology 55: 221-229. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2005.00030.x

Minkkinen, K. & Laine, J. 2006. Vegetation heterogeneity and ditches create spatial variability in methane fluxes from peatlands drained for forestry. Plant and Soil 285: 289–304.

Muukkonen, P., Mäkipää, R., Laiho, R., Minkkinen, K., Vasander, H. & Finér, L. 2006. Relationship between biomass and percentage cover in understorey vegetation of boreal coniferous forests. Silva Fennica 40: 231–245. pdf

Strack, M., Waddington, J.M., Rochefort, L. and Tuittila E.-S. 2006. Response of vegetation and net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange at different peatland microforms following water table drawdown. Journal of Geophysical Research 111, G02006, doi: 10.1029/2005JG000145.

Trettin, C., Laiho, R., Minkkinen, K. & Laine, J. 2006. Influence of climate change factors on carbon dynamics in northern forested peatlands. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 86: 269–280.

Weiss, R., Shurpali, N.J., Sallantaus, T., Laiho, R., Laine, J. & Alm, J. 2006. Simulation of water table level and peat temperatures in boreal peatlands. Ecological Modelling 192: 441-456. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.07.016


Galand, P.E., Fritze, H., Conrad, R. & Yrjälä, K. 2005. Pathways for methanogenesis and diversity of methanogenic archaea in three boreal peatland ecosystems. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71: 2195-2198.

Galand, P.E., Juottonen, H., Fritze, H. & Yrjälä, K. 2005. Methanogen communities in a drained bog: effect of ash fertilization. Microbial Ecology 49: 209-217.

Jaatinen, K., Tuittila, E-S., Laine, J., Yrjälä, K. & Fritze, H. 2005. Methane-Oxidizing Bacteria in a Finnish raised mire complex: Effects of site fertility and drainage. Microbial Ecology 50: 429-439. doi: 10.1007/s00248-005-0219-7

Jauhiainen, J., Takahashi, H., Heikkinen, J.E.P., Martikainen, P.J. & Vasander, H. 2005. Carbon fluxes from a tropical peat swamp forest floor. Global Change Biology 11: 1788-1797.

Juottonen, H., Galand, P., Tuittila, E.-S., Laine, J., Fritze, H. & Yrjälä, K. 2005.  . Environmental Microbiology 7: 1547-1557. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00838.x

Kojola, S., Penttilä, T. & Laiho, R. 2005. First commercial thinnings in peatland pine stands: Effect of timing on fellings and removals. Baltic Forestry 11: 51-58.

Sarkkola, S., Hökkä, H., Laiho, R., Päivänen, J. & Penttilä, T. 2005. Stand structural dynamics on drained peatlands dominated by Scots pine. Forest Ecology and Management 206: 135-152. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2004.10.064

Silvan, N., Tuittila, E.-S., Kitunen, V., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 2005. Nitrate uptake by vegetation controls N2O fluxes from peatlands. Soil Biology and Biochemisty 37: 1519-1526.


Jauhiainen, S., Pitkänen, A. & Vasander, H. 2004. Chemostratigraphy and vegetation in two boreal mires during the Holocene. Holocene 14: 768-779. doi: 10.1191/0959683604hl734rp.

Kojola, S., Penttilä, T. & Laiho, R. 2004. Impacts of different thinning regimes on the yield of uneven-structured Scots pine stands on drained peatland. Silva Fennica 38: 393-403. pdf

Kuuluvainen, T. & Laiho, R. 2004. Long-tem forest utilisation can decrease forest floor microhabitat diversity, evidence from boreal Fennoscandia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 303-309. doi: 10.1139/X03-159

Laiho, R. & Prescott, C.E. 2004. Decay and nutrient dynamics of coarse woody debris in northern coniferous forests: a synthesis. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 763-777. doi: 10.1139/X03-241

Laiho, R., Laine, J., Trettin, C.C. & Finér, L. 2004. Scots pine litter decomposition along drainage succession and soil nutrient gradients in peatland forests, and the effects of inter-annual weather variation. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 36: 1095-1109. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2004.02.020

Laiho, R., Penttilä, T. & Laine, J. 2004. Variation in soil nutrient concentrations and bulk density within peatland forest sites. Silva Fennica 38: 29-41. pdf

Pumpanen, J., Kolari, P., Ilvesniemi, H., Minkkinen, K., Vesala, T., Niinistö, S., Lohila, A., Larmola, T., Morero, M., Pihlatie, M., Janssens, I., Yuste, J.C., Grünzweig, J.M., Reth, S., Subke, J.-A., Savage, K., Kutsch, W., Østreng, G., Zieglerm, W., Anthonim, P., Lindroth, A. & Hari, P. 2004. Comparison of different chamber techniques for measuring soil CO2 efflux. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 123: 159–176.

Sarkkola, S., Hökkä, H. & Penttilä, T. 2004. Natural development of stand structure in peatland Scots pine following drainage: results based on long-term monitoring of permanent sample plots. Silva Fennica 38: 405-412. pdf

Silvan, N., Tuittila, E.-S., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 2004. Eriophorum vaginatum plays a major role in nutrient retention in boreal peatlands. Annales Botanici Fennici 41: 189-199. pdf (screen quality)

Silvan, N., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 2004. Vegetation is the main factor in nutrient retention in a constructed wetland buffer. Plant and Soil 258: 179-187.

Strack, M., Waddington, J.M. & Tuittila, E.-S. 2004. Effect of water table drawdown on peatland methane dynamics: Implications for climate change. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18, GB4003, doi:10.1029/2003GB002209.

Tuittila, E.-S., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 2004. Sensitivity of C sequestration in reintroduced Sphagnum to water-level variation in a cut-away peatland. Restoration Ecology 12: 482-492.


Chapman, S., Buttler, A., Francez, A.-J., Laggoun-Défarge, F., Vasander, H., Schloter, M., Combe, J., Grosvernier, Ph., Harms, H., Epron, D., Gilbert, D. & Mitchell, E. 2003. Exploitation of northern peatlands and biodiversity maintenance: a conflict between economy and ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 525-532.

Galand, P.E., Fritze, H. & Yrjälä, K. 2003. Microsite-dependent changes in methanogenic populations in a boreal oligotrophic fen. Environmental Microbiology 5: 1133-1143.

Laiho, R., Vasander, H., Penttilä, T. & Laine, J. 2003. Dynamics of plant-mediated organic matter and nutrient cycling following water-level drawdown in boreal peatlands. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(2), 1053, doi: 10.1029/2002GB002015.

Laiho, R., Sanchez, F., Tiarks, A., Dougherty, P. & Trettin, C. 2003. Impacts of intensive forestry on early rotation trends in site carbon pools in the Southeastern US. Forest Ecology and Management 174: 177-189. doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00020-8

Saarnio, S., Järviö, S., Saarinen, T., Vasander, H. & Silvola, J. 2003. Minor changes in vegetation and carbon gas balance in a boreal mire under a raised CO2 or NH4NO3 supply. Ecosystems 6: 46-60.

Sarkkola, S. & Päivänen, J. 2003. Development of planted black spruce and Scots pine on an oligotrophic drained peatland. Suo 54: 93104.

Sarkkola, S., Alenius, V., Hökkä, H., Laiho, R., Päivänen, J. & Penttilä, T. 2003. Changes in structural inequality in Norway spruce stands on peatland sites after water-level drawdown. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33: 222-231. doi: 10.1139/X02-179

Silvan, N., Vasander, H., Karsisto, M. & Laine, J. 2003. Microbial immobilisation of added nitrogen and phosphorus in a constructed wetland buffer. Applied Soil Ecology 24: 143-149.

Tuittila, E.-S., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 2003 Success of re-introduced Sphagnum in a cut-away peatland. Boreal Environmental Research 8: 245-250. pdf

Varhimo, A., Kojola, S., Penttilä, T. & Laiho, R. 2003. Quality and yield of pulpwood in drained peatland forests: Pulpwood properties of Scots pine in stands of first commercial thinnings. Silva Fennica 37: 343-357. pdf

Vasander, H., Tuittila, E-S., Lode, E., Lundin, L., Ilomets, M., Sallantaus, T., Heikkilä, R., Pitkänen, M-L. & Laine, J. 2003. Status and restoration of peatlands in Northern Europe. Wetlands Ecology and Management 11: 51-63.

Westman, C.J. & Laiho, R. 2003. Nutrient dynamics of peatland forests after water-level drawdown. Biogeochemistry 63: 269-298. doi: 10.1023/A:1023348806857


Galand, P.E., Saarnio, S., Fritze, H. & Yrjälä, K. 2002. Depth related diversity of methanogen Archaea in Finnish oligotrophic fen. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 42: 441-449.

Hoosbeek, M.R., van Breemen, N., Vasander, H., Buttler, A. & Berendse, F. 2002. Potassium limits potential growth of bog vegetation under elevated atmospheric CO2 and N deposition. Global Change Biology 8: 1130-1138.

Jauhiainen, S., Laiho, R. & Vasander, H. 2002. Ecohydrological and vegetational changes in a restored bog and fen. Annales Botanici Fennici 39: 185-199. pdf (screen quality)

Minkkinen, K., Korhonen, R., Savolainen, I. & Laine, J. 2002. Carbon balance and radiative forcing of Finnish peatlands 1900–2100 — the impact of forestry drainage. Global Change Biology 8: 785–799.

Nykänen, H., Vasander, H., Huttunen, J.T. & Martikainen, P.J. 2002. Effect of experimental nitrogen load on methane and nitrous oxide fluxes on ombrotrophic boreal peatland. Plant and Soil 242: 147-155.

Silvan, N., Regina, K., Kitunen, V., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 2002. Gaseous nitrogen loss from a restored peatland buffer zone. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34: 721-728.


Berendse, F., van Breemen, N., Rydin, H., Buttler, A., Heijmans, M., Hoosbeek, M.R., Lee, J.A., Mitchell, E., Saarinen, T., Vasander, H. & Wallén, B. 2001. Raised atmospheric CO2 levels and increased N deposition cause shifts in plant species composition and production in Sphagnum bogs. Global Change Biology 7: 591-598.

Hoosbeek, M.R., van Breemen, N., Berendse, F., Grosvernier, P., Vasander, H. & Wallén, B. 2001. Limited effect of increased atmospheric CO2 concentration on ombrotrophic bog vegetation. New Phytologist 150: 459-463.

Huopalainen, M., Tuittila, E.-S., Vanha-Majamaa, I., Nousiainen, H., Laine, J. & Vasander, H. 2001. Effects of long-term aerial pollution on soil seed banks in drained pine mires in southern Finland. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 125: 69-79.

Jauhiainen, J., Heikkinen, J., Martikainen, P.J. & Vasander, H. 2001. CO2 and CH4 fluxes in pristine and peatland converted to agriculture in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. International Peat Journal 11: 43-49.

Laiho, R., Silvan, N., Cárcamo, H. & Vasander, H. 2001. Effects of water level and nutrients on spatial distribution of soil mesofauna in peatlands drained for forestry in Finland. Applied Soil Ecology 16: 1-9. doi: 10.1016/S0929-1393(00)00103-7

Minkkinen, K., Laine, J. and Hökkä, H. 2001. Tree stand development and carbon sequestration in drained peatland stands in Finland — a simulation study. Silva Fennica 35: 55–69. pdf

Vasander, H. & Jauhiainen, J.  2001. Measuring of CO2 emissions from tropical peatlands. International Journal for the Management of Tropical Peatlands 1: 16-19.


Finér, L. & Laine, J. 2000. Ingrowth bag method in measuring root production on peatland sites. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 15: 75-80.

Huopalainen, M., Tuittila, E-S., Vanha-Majamaa, I., Nousiainen, H., Laine, J. & Vasander, H. 2000. Soil seed banks of bogs in SW Finland and their potential in regeneration after long-term aerial pollution. Annales Botanici Fennici 37: 1-9. pdf

Domisch, T., Finér, L., Laiho, R., Karsisto, M. & Laine, J. 2000. Decomposition of Scots pine litter and the fate of released carbon in pristine and drained pine mires. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 32: 1571-1580.

van der Heijden, E., Jauhiainen, J., Silvola, J., Vasander, H. & Kuiper, P. 2000. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration and increased nitrogen deposition on growth and chemical composition of ombrotrophic Sphagnum balticum and oligo-mesotrophic Sphagnum papillosum. Journal of Bryology 22: 175-182.

Monni, S., Salemaa, M., White, C., Tuittila, E-S. & Huopalainen, M. 2000 Copper resistance of Calluna vulgaris originated from the pollution gradient of Cu-Ni-smelter, in SW Finland. Environmental Pollution 109: 211-219.

Päivänen, J. & Sarkkola, S. 2000. The effect of thinning and ditch network maintenance on the water table level in a Scots pine stand on peat soil. Suo 51: 131-138.

Prescott, C., Maynard, D. & Laiho, R. 2000. Humus in boreal forests: friend or foe? Forest Ecology and Management 133: 23-36. doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00295-9

Saarnio, S., Saarinen, T., Vasander, H. & Silvola, J. 2000. A moderate increase in the annual CH4 efflux by raised CO2 or NH4NO3 supply in a boreal oligotrophic mire. Global Change Biology 6: 137-144.

Silvan, N., Laiho, R. & Vasander, H. 2000. Changes in mesofauna abundance in peat soils drained for forestry. Forest Ecology and Management 133: 127-133. doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00303-5

Tuittila, E-S., Komulainen, V-M., Vasander, H., Nykänen, H., Martikainen, P.J. & Laine, J. 2000. Methane dynamics of a restored cut-away peatland. Global Change Biology 6: 569-581.

Tuittila, E-S., Rita, H., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 2000. Vegetation pattern around tussocks of Eriophorum vaginatum L. in a cut-away peatland in Southern Finland. Canadian Journal of Botany 78: 47-58.

Tuittila, E-S., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 2000. Impact of rewetting on the vegetation of a cut-away peatland. Applied Vegetation Science 3: 205-212.


Jauhiainen, J. & Silvola, J. 1999. Photosynthesis of Sphagnum fuscum at long-term raised CO2 concentrations. Annales Botanici Fennici 36: 33-41. pdf

Komulainen, V-M., Tuittila, E-S., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 1999. Short term effect of restoration on vegetation succession and CO2-exhange from peatland drained for forestry. Journal of Applied Ecology 36: 636-648.

Laiho, R. & Prescott, C.E. 1999. The contribution of coarse woody debris to carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles in three Rocky Mountain coniferous forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29: 1592-1603.

Laiho, R., Sallantaus, T. & Laine, J. 1999. The effect of forestry drainage on vertical distributions of major plant nutrients in peat soils. Plant and Soil 207: 169-181.

Minkkinen, K., Vasander, H., Jauhiainen, S., Karsisto, M. and Laine, J. 1999. Post-drainage changes in vegetation composition and carbon balance in Lakkasuo mire, Central Finland. Plant and Soil 207: 107–120.

Päivänen, J. 1999. Tree stand structure on pristine peatlands and its change after forest drainage. International Peat Journal 9: 66-72.

Tuittila, E-S, Komulainen, V-M., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 1999. Restored cut-away peatland as a sink for atmospheric CO2. Oecologia 120: 563-574.

Williams, B.L., Buttler, A., Grosvenier, P., Francez, A.-J., Gilbert, D., Ilomets, M., Jauhiainen, J., Silcock, D.J. & Vasander, H. 1999. The fate of NH4NO3 added to Sphagnum magellanicum carpets at five European mire sites. Biogeochemistry 45: 73-93.


Domisch, T., Finér, L., Karsisto, M., Laiho, R. & Laine, J. 1998. Relocation of carbon from decaying litter in drained peat soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 30: 1529-1536.

Finér, L. & Laine, J. 1998. Fine root dynamics at drained peatland sites of different fertility in southern Finland. Plant and Soil 201: 27-36.

Huopalainen, M., Tuittila, E-S., Laine, J. & Vasander, H. 1998. Seed and spore bank in a cut-away peatland twenty years after abandonment. International Peat Journal 8: 42-51.

Jauhiainen, J., Silvola, J. & Vasander, H. 1998. The effects of increased nitrogen deposition and CO2 on Sphagnum angustifolium and S. warnstorfii. Annales Botanici Fennici 35: 247-256. pdf

Jauhiainen, J., Vasander, H. & Silvola, J. 1998. Nutrient concentration in Sphagna at increased N-deposition rates and elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Plant Ecology 138: 149-160.

Jauhiainen, J., Wallén, B. & Malmer, N. (1998). Potential NH4+ and NO3 uptake in seven Sphagnum species. New Phytologist 138: 287-293.

Komulainen, V.-M., Nykänen, H., Martikainen, P.J. & Laine, J. 1998. Short-term effect of restoration on vegetation succession and methane emissions from peatlands drained for forestry in southern Finland. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 402-411.

Minkkinen, K. and Laine, J. 1998. Effect of forest drainage on the peat bulk density of pine mires in Finland. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 178–186.

Minkkinen, K. and Laine, J. 1998. Long term effect of forest drainage on the peat carbon stores of pine mires in Finland. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 1267–1275.

Sallantaus, T., Vasander, H. & Laine, J. 1998. Metsätalouden vesistöhaittojen torjuminen ojitetuista soista muodostettujen puskurivyöhykkeiden avulla (Summary: Prevention of detrimental impacts of forestry operations on water bodies using buffer zones created from drained peatlands). Suo 49: 125-133.

Weiss, R., Alm, J., Laiho, R. & Laine J. 1998. Modelling moisture retention in peat soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 62: 305-313.


Jauhiainen, J., Silvola, J., Tolonen, K. & Vasander, H. 1997. Response of Sphagnum fuscum to water levels and CO2 concentration. Journal of Bryology 19: 391-400.

Laiho, R. & Laine, J. 1997. Tree stand biomass and carbon content in an age sequence of drained pine mires in southern Finland. Forest Ecology and Management 93: 161-169.

Minkkinen, K., Laine, J., Nykänen, H. and Martikainen, P.J. 1997. Importance of drainage ditches in emissions of methane from mires drained for forestry. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27: 949–952.


Laiho, R. 1996. Changes in understorey biomass and species composition after water-level drawdown on pine mires in southern Finland. Suo 47: 59-69.

Laiho, R. & Finér, L. 1996. Changes in root biomass after water-level drawdown on pine mires in southern Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 11: 251-260.

Laine, J. and Minkkinen, K. 1996. Effect of forest drainage on the carbon balance of a mire: A case study. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 11: 307–312.

Laine, J., Silvola, J., Alm, J., Nykänen, H., Vasander, H., Sallantaus, T., Savolainen, I., Sinisalo, J. & Martikainen, P.J. 1996. Effect of water level drawdown in northern peatlands on the global climatic warming. Ambio 25: 179-184.

Roderfelt, H., Vasander, H. & Tuittila, E-S. 1996. Ein abgetorftes Hochmoor im Regenerationsstratum im südlichen Finnland. Telma 26: 223-235.

Vanha-Majamaa, I., Tuittila, E-S., Tonteri, T. & Suominen, R. 1996. Seedling establishment after prescribed burning of a clear-cut and partially cut mesic boreal forest in Southern Finland. Silva Fennica 30: 31-45.


Francez, A.-J. & Vasander, H. 1995. Peat accumulation and peat decomposition after human disturbance in French and Finnish mires. Acta Oecologica 16: 599-608.

Laiho, R. & Laine, J. 1995. Changes in mineral element concentrations in peat soils drained for forestry in Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 10: 218-224.

Laine, J., Vasander, H. & Laiho, R. 1995. Long-term effects of water level drawdown on the vegetation of drained pine mires in southern Finland. Journal of Applied Ecology 32: 785-802.

Laine, J., Vasander, H. & Sallantaus, T. 1995. Ecological effects of peatland drainage for forestry. Environmental Reviews 3: 286-303.

Tuittila, E-S. & Komulainen, V-M. 1995. Vegetation and CO2 balance in an abandoned harvested peatland in Aitoneva, southern Finland. Suo 46: 69-80.


Jauhiainen, J., Vasander, H. & Silvola, J. 1994. Response of Sphagnum fuscum to N deposition and increased CO2. Journal of Bryology 18: 83-95.

Laiho, R. & Laine, J. 1994. Nitrogen and phosphorus stores in peatlands drained for forestry in Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 9: 251-260.

Päivänen, J. & Vasander, H. 1994. Carbon balance in mire ecosystems. World Resource Review 6: 102-111.

Tolonen, K., Warner, B.G. & Vasander, H. 1994. Ecology of Testaceans (Protozoa: Rhizopoda) in Mires in Southern Finland. II. Multivariate analysis. Archiven Protistenkunde 144: 97-112.


Laine, J., Vasander, H. & Puhalainen, A. 1993. A method to estimate the effect of forest drainage on the carbon store of a mire. Suo 43: 227-230.

Vasander, H., Kuusipalo, J. & Lindholm, T. 1993. Vegetation changes after drainage and fertilization in pine mires. Suo 44: 1-9.


Jauhiainen, J., Vasander, H. & Silvola, J. 1992. Differences in response of two Sphagnum species to elevated CO2 and nitrogen input. Suo 43: 211-216.

Laine, J. & Vanha-Majamaa, I. 1992. Vegetation ecology along a trophic gradient on drained pine mires in Southern Finland. Annales Botanici Fennici 29: 213-233.

Tolonen, K., Warner, B.G. & Vasander, H. 1992. Ecology of Testaceans (Protozoa: Rhizopoda) in Mires in Southern Finland. I. Autecology. Archiven Protistenkunde 142: 240-260.


Lindholm, T. & Vasander, H. 1990. Production of eight species of Sphagnum at Suurisuo mire, southern Finland. Annales Botanici Fennici 27: 145-157.

Miyazawa, T. & Laine, J. 1990. Effect of macroclimate on the development of Scots pine seedling stands on drained oligotrophic pine mires.  Silva Fennica 24: 181-187.

Textbooks and book chapters


Laine J., Sallantaus T., Syrjänen K. & Vasander H. Sammalten kirja. Metsäkustannus Oy. 256 pp.


Laine, J., Flatberg, K.I., Harju, P., Timonen, T., Minkkinen, K., Laine, A., Tuittila, E.-S. & Vasander, H. 2018. Sphagnum mosses — The Stars of European Mires. University of Helsinki Department of Forest Sciences, Sphagna Ky. 326 pp.

Laine J., Vasander H., Hotanen J-P., Nousiainen H., Saarinen M. & Penttilä T. Suotyypit ja turvekankaat – kasvupaikkaopas. Metsäkustannus Oy. 160 pp.


Päivänen, J. & Hånell, B. 2012. Peatland Ecology and Forestry – a Sound Approach. University of Helsinki Department of Forest Sciences Publications 3: 1–267. ISBN 978-952-10-4531-8


Laine, J., Minkkinen, K. & Trettin, C. 2009. Direct human impacts on the peatland carbon sink. In: Baird, A.J., Belyea, L.R., Comas, X., Reeve, A.S. & Slater, L.D. (eds). Carbon Cycling in Northern Peatlands. Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 184, pp.


Höper, H.,  Augustin, J.,  Cagampan, J.P.,  Drösler, M.,  Lundin, L.,  Moors, E., Vasander, H.,  Waddington, J.M.,  Wilson, D. 2008. Restoration of peatlands and greenhouse gas balances. In: Strack, M. (ed.). Peatlands and climate change. International Peat Society, Jyväskylä, pp. 182-210. ISBN 978-952-99401-1-0  pdf of the book

Minkkinen, K., Byrne, K.A. & Trettin, C. 2008. Climate impacts of peatland forestry. In: Strack, M. (ed.). Peatlands and climate change. International Peat Society, Jyväskylä, pp. 98-122.  pdf of the book

Laiho, R. 2008. From a mire ecosystem to a drained peatland forest ecosystem. In: Korhonen, R., Korpela, L. & Sarkkola, S. (eds.). Finland – Fenland, pp. 152-157. Finnish Peatland Society, Maahenki Ltd, Helsinki. pdf

Laiho, R., Minkkinen, K., Anttila, J., Vávřová, P. & Penttilä, T. 2008. Dynamics of litterfall and decomposition in peatland forests: Towards reliable carbon balance estimation? In: Vymazal, J. (ed.), Wastewater treatment, plant dynamics and management in constructed and natural wetlands, pp. 53-64. Springer Science + Business Media, Dordrecht. ISBN 978-1-4020-8234-4 pdf doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-8235-1_6

Rieley, J.O., Wüst, R.A.J., Jauhiainen, J.,  Page, S.E., Wösten, H., Hooijer, A.,
Siegert, F., Limin, S.H.,  Vasander, H. & Stahlhut, M. 2008. Tropical peatlands: Carbon stores, carbon gas emissions and contribution to climate change processes. In: Strack, M. (ed.). Peatlands and climate change. International Peat Society, Jyväskylä, pp. 148-181. pdf of the book

Vávřová, P., Stenberg, B., Karsisto, M., Kitunen, V., Tapanila, T. & Laiho, R. 2008. Near Infrared Spectroscopy for characterization of plant litter quality: Towards a simpler way of predicting C turnover in peatlands? In: Vymazal, J. (ed.), Wastewater treatment, plant dynamics and management in constructed and natural wetlands, pp. 65-87. Springer Science + Business Media, Dordrecht. ISBN 978-1-4020-8234-4. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-8235-1_7


Laine, J., Laiho, R., Minkkinen, K. & Vasander, H. 2006. Forestry and boreal peatlands. In: Wieder, R.K. & Vitt, D.H. (eds.). Boreal peatland ecosystems. Ecological studies 188, pp. 331-358. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.

Vasander, H. & Kettunen, A. 2006. Carbon in boreal peatlands. In: Wieder, R.K. & Vitt, D.H. (eds.). Boreal peatland ecosystems. Ecological studies 188, pp. 165-194. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.


Laiho, R. 2005. Long-term effects of water level drawdown on plant-mediated nutrient cycling in sedge-pine fens. In: Vymazal, J. (ed.), Natural and constructed wetlands: Nutrients, metals and management, pp. 20-32. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5782-153-2.


Laine, J., Komulainen, V.-M., Laiho, R., Minkkinen, K., Rasinmäki, A., Sallantaus, T., Sarkkola, S., Silvan, N., Tolonen, K., Tuittila, E.-S., Vasander, H. & Päivänen, J. 2004. Lakkasuo – a guide to mire ecosystem. University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Ecology Publications 31. 123 p.


Gitay, H., Brown, S., Easterling, W., Jallow, B., Antle, J., Apps, M., Beamish, R., Chapin, T., Cramer, W., Frangi, J., Laine, J., Lin Erda, Magnuson, J., Noble, I., Price, J., Prowse, T., Root, T., Schulze, E., Sirotenko, O., Sohngen, B., Soussana, J., Buggman, H., Egorov, C., Finlayson, M., Fleming, R., Fraser, W., Hahn, L., Hall, K., Howden, M., Hutchins, M., Ingram, J., Ju Hui, Masters, G., Megonigal, P., Morgan, J., Myers, N., Neilson, R., Page, S., Parmesan, C., Rieley, J., Roulet, N., Takle, G., van Minnen, J., Williams, D., Williamson, T., Wilson, K., Fischlin, A. & Diaz, S. 2001. Ecosystems and their goods and services. In. McCarthy, J.J., Canziani, O.F., Leary, N.A., Dokken, D.J. & White, K.S. (Eds.) Climate change 2001, Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 235-342.


Jauhiainen, J., Silvola, J. & Vasander, H. 1998. Effects of Increased Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen Supply on Mosses. In: Bates, J., Ashton, N.W. & Duckett, J.G. (eds.) Bryology for the Twenty-First Century, pp. 343-360. Maney Publishing and the British Bryological Society.

van der Heijden, E., Jauhiainen, J., Matero, J., Eekhof, M. & Mitchell, E. 1998. Effects of elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition on Sphagnum mosses. In: De Kok, L.J. & Stulen, I. (eds.). Responses of plant metabolism to air pollution and global change, pp. 475-478. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.


Ahti, E. & Päivänen, J. 1997. Response of stand growth and water table level to maintenance of ditch networks within forest drainage areas. In: Trettin, C.C., Jurgensen, M.F., Grigal, D.F., Gale, M.R. & Jeglum, J.K. (eds). Northern Forested Wetlands: Ecology and Management, pp. 461-470. CRC Press, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Fla, USA. ISBN 1-56670-177-5.

Laine, J., Minkkinen, K. Sinisalo, J., Savolainen, I. and Martikainen, P.J. 1997. Greenhouse impact of a mire after drainage for forestry. In: Trettin, C.C., Jurgensen, M.F., Grigal, D.F., Gale, M.R. & Jeglum, J.K. (eds). Northern Forested Wetlands: Ecology and Management, pp. 437–447. CRC Press, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Fla, USA. ISBN 1-56670-177-5.

Päivänen, J. 1997. Forested mires as a renewable resource – towards a sustainable forestry practice. In: Trettin, C.C., Jurgensen, M.F., Grigal, D.F., Gale, M.R. & Jeglum, J.K. (eds). Northern Forested Wetlands: Ecology and Management, pp. 27-44. CRC Press, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Fla, USA. ISBN 1-56670-177-5.

Vasander, H., Laiho, R. & Laine, J. 1997. Changes in species diversity in peatlands drained for forestry. In: Trettin, C.C., Jurgensen, M.F., Grigal, D.F., Gale, M.R. & Jeglum, J.K. (eds.), Northern Forested Wetlands: Ecology and Management, pp. 109-119. CRC Press, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Fla, USA. ISBN 1-56670-177-5.


Paavilainen, E. & Päivänen, J. 1995. Peatland Forestry. Ecology and Principles. Ecological Studies 111. Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York. 248 p. ISBN 3-540-58252-5.

Doctoral theses

Ojanen, P. 2014. Estimation of greenhouse gas balance for forestry-drained peatlands. Dissertationes Forestales 176. 26 p.

Pearson, M. 2013. Maximizing peatland forest regeneration success at lowest cost to the atmosphere: Effects of soil preparation on Scots pine seedling vitality and GHG emissions. Dissertationes Forestales 159. 64 p.

Mäkiranta, P. 2012. Heterotrophic soil respiration in drained peatlands: Abiotic drivers, and changes after clearfelling and afforestation. Dissertationes Forestales 140. 40 p.

Straková, P. 2010. Carbon dynamics in peatlands under changing hydrology: Effects of water level drawdown on litter quality, microbial enzyme activities and litter decomposition rates. Dissertationes Forestales 112. 34 p.

Peltoniemi, K. 2010. Aerobic carbon-cycle related microbial communities in boreal peatlands: responses to water-level drawdown. Dissertationes Forestales 101. 54 p.

Kojola, S. 2009. Kohti hyvää suometsien hoitoa – harvennusten ja kunnostusojitusten vaikutus ojitusaluemänniköiden puuntuotokseen ja metsänkasvatuksen taloustulokseen. Dissertationes Forestales 83. 67 p.

Riutta, T. 2008. Fen ecosystem carbon dynamics in changing hydrological conditionsDissertationes Forestales 67. 46 p.

Sarkkola, S. 2006. Stand structural dynamics on pristine and managed boreal peatlands. Dissertationes Forestales 29. 78 p.

Silvan, N. 2004. Nutrient retention in a restored peatland buffer. University of Helsinki Department of Forest Ecology Publications 32. 44 p.

Jauhiainen, S. 2003. Holocene development of two boreal mires and the ecological effects of drainage and restoration. University of Helsinki Department of Forest Ecology Publications 29. 30 p.

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