New article on hidden realities of integration policies

Featured International Symposium: Youth Education and the Ethos of Vulnerability in Uncertain Times, 5th of December 2019

Titles and speakers

Vulnerability Matters – the ethos of vulnerability, young people and neoliberal societies. Author: Kristiina Brunila

Young people anticipating precarious futures: Working their funds of identity, emotion and aspiration into curriculum. Authors: Lew Zipin, Marie Brennan, Sam Sellar.

Performative Care Ethics and the Emerging Geographies of Exclusion in Schools. Author: Babak Dadvand

Affective histories of youth vulnerability. Author: Julie McLeod


The article Becoming integrateable: hidden realities of integration policies and training in Finland was published in International Journal of Inclusive Education.



This article scrutinises the normalised realities behind integration policies and training for refugees and immigrants that are claimed to be inclusive. The ‘great narrative’ of Finland has been focused on equal opportunity via education and training, which makes it even more important to examine the hidden realities and how such realities affect the integration process. We focus on labour market-oriented integration training, since employment is considered to be the most important element for successful integration and social inclusion. Our data consists of interviews with 20 refugees, 5 immigrants, 6 integration professionals and 3 policy makers, in addition to ethnographic field notes. Through a discursive approach and utilising studies on governmentality, we unveil how governing through integration practices works. The article explores how integration practices that claim to be inclusionary are maintaining forms of exclusion, which becomes a mechanism of exclusionary inclusion. Our analysis shows what refugees and immigrants have to adopt and adapt to as part of their own subjectification in order to become integrateable, and thus includable.


Ameera Masoud is a PhD researcher at the Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Helsinki and affiliated to AGORA research centre. Her ongoing PhD research focuses on how refugees and immigrants are constructed as integrataeble and skilled through integration policies and training practices. Her current research interests are focused on labour-market training for young adult refugees and immigrants, and issues related to inclusion, racialisation, education, and integration.

Gunilla Holm is professor of education in the Faculty of Educational Sciences at the University of Helsinki. Her research interests are focused on justice related issues in education with particular focus on the intersections of race, ethnicity, class and gender. She is also interested in and writes on photography as a research method.

Kristiina Brunila works as a Professor of social justice and equality in education in the University of Helsinki where she directs the AGORA for the study of social justice-research centre. Her research group is focused on critical studies in sociology and philosophy.