Another essay

I figured it’d be good to post just one more essay of mine to let you readers know how I’ve done with them. So once again, without further ado – you know the drill:

The article I chose for this assignment was titled “Ukraine should reimburse Crimea for 25 years of ‘unfair treatment’ – Russian Duma speaker” ( It was posted to RT on the 15th of March 2019. Interesting and weird thing about the page is that there are no articles that mention the authors of the news – they just are… there. I previously didn’t even know about this site existing, so I had to do some Googling.

RT is an internationally aired Russian tv-news channel, which also provides news about Russia and the rest of the world in English, Spanish, German and Arabic. What rang the bells when looking up information on this site, was the fact that a notable portion of the funding for the foreign-language news comes from the Russian Federation’s budget – that can be seen a bit fishy.

The ABC’s of Propaganda Analysis concludes that there is always some conflict element in all propaganda. Here it is obviously the Crimean crisis, in this case used, in my opinion, as both cause and effect. This subject, the Crimean crisis, is easily one that can get one’s personal opinions mixed in with trying to analyze the situation objectively. So, as the ABC’s of Propaganda Analysis states, one must behold their own reaction to this conflict element. In my own opinion, the whole situation was morally and humanely handled poorly to say the least, so I need and try to place that aside to analyze this objectively. Also, capturing the peninsula doesn’t exactly fit in to the Western thinking, so that needs to be taken in account as well.

Finding the facts behind the claims in the article is vital for drawing any conclusions. The said Russian Duma speaker, whose statements the article is referring to, is a man named Vyacheslav Volodin, a Russian politician and former aide to President Vladimir Putin, who has served as the 10th Chairman of the State Duma since 5th of October 2016. He is justifying the capture of the Crimean Peninsula by implying that things are now better in Crimea than they were under the Ukrainian rule: “Crimea got hospitals, schools, the Crimean bridge, energy [infrastructure] that ensures living a productive life”, he said. He is also using this arguably very clear propaganda to make claims that Ukraine should, along with the EU, pay compensation to Crimea for “suffering big economic losses by being a part of Ukraine”. I find that to be the main proposition of this article, as a hefty part of the article is about money “owed” to Crimea. He uses quite bold words when describing how Ukraine “mistreated” the Crimeans and their rights essentially. Volodin is therefore defending Russia’s actions and basically saying they were right for capturing the peninsula. Again, pretty straight forward propaganda if you ask me.

Copenhagen, Kiev, Chernobyl & Riga

As you can tell by the title, I was on a little trip once again! This time I was accompanied by eight of my classmates. Planning this trip was a nightmare. Why? Well, originally, we were meant to go from Kiev to Minsk, Belarus, where around 50 other geography students from the University of Helsinki were because of this so called “Kuma-retki”, which is our annual trip to some nearby (preferably cheap) country and city. You need a visa to get to the country, and due to some ridiculous regulations stated in the terms of the application, we were not able to get the visas on time, hence why we needed another plan.  Instead of leaving Kiev for Minsk on Wednesday, we decided to stay in Kiev until Saturday when we would fly to Riga (the trip took place between 1st and 7th of April, Monday to Sunday that is). Instead of Minsk we got to see Chernobyl, so I really don’t complain.  From Riga we would then get on a bus and travel back to Finland on Sunday.

First we flew to Copenhagen, where we had some 12 hours between our flights so we got to see the city quite nicely. We arrived there around 10 a.m. on Monday morning. The weather was beautiful and the skies were clear, perfect for walking around and sitting in some park for a bit, and to just enjoy the experience before having to head back to the airport for the flight to Kiev late that night. When we arrived at Kiev, it was already Tuesday. We landed around 00.30 and took a taxi to get to our AirBnb we had booked for the week. Tuesday morning came and the daylight revealed to us just how big the city was. It was huuuuuge. People everywhere you looked, cars going back and forth on these eight-lane streets shadowed by enormous, super tall apartment buildings and other business buildings etc. We basically just walked around the city as much as we could every day and sunk in all the different elements of the culture that is quite a bit different from ours. We also had lovely weather for the entire week (!!!), which was more than we could’ve asked for.

Us in a park in Copenhagen

Then came Thursday, the most anticipated day of the trip for the whole lot of us. We would go and get to see Chernobyl! We had booked this tour that took us inside the 30 and 10 kilometer exclusion zones, to the city of Chernobyl, then right beside the actual exploded reactor number four itself and finally to the abandoned town of Pripyat. I can’t even begin to explain how excited we all were, and how f****** awesome the tour was. It was like we’d traveled back in time to the days of the Soviet Union. Nature had taken over the whole place once again: trees were growing in places that once were covered only by concrete, small insects crawled everywhere, and the buildings and other structures were mostly covered by some sort of plants and trees. There time had stopped. It was so cruel and harsh, but in a way also very beautiful and calming; no matter how bad we humans mess up, nature will still prevail in the end. After the tour we then drove back to Kiev and celebrated my birthday a bit, so it was just a perfect day.

“Rodina mat” (Motherland) -statue in Kiev
The rusted ferris wheel in the town of Pripyat

One more flight awaited us on Saturday morning. I had never been to Riga, so it was nice to get to see that city as well. In fact, all four cities (including Chernobyl of course) were new to me, so I really got to see new places within the space of one week. The fortune of good weather followed us to Riga as well and we took advantage of that by eating outside and walking around as much as we could and had the energy left to do so. We stayed the night in a downtown hostel from where it was possible for us to come and go with ease. Last thing to do was to get home the next day, and let’s just say – even though the whole trip was amazing and it’s always a privilege to get to see new, exciting places – there’s never a place like home after a bit of travelling!

Sunshine in Riga

The hours I counted towards this course from our little trip mostly came from different conversations. The Kievians didn’t exactly speak English that well, but luckily our Chernobyl tour-guide, Sergei, spoke excellent English, so we talked with him a lot about… well, all kinds of stuff: politics, the Ukrainian people, culture and sports just to name a few topics. We spent essentially the whole day with him, so I recon that we talked with him in total for like five hours. That’s about all I dare to count, because the other conversations with other people were so subtle and not very high-flying if you will.


An essay

I thought I’d now post an essay I wrote for Russian security policy -course. I decided to write it in English ’cause I figured it would benefit me more (also it would then count towards this ALMS-course so haha). But, without further ado, here it is:


According to Arnold Wolfers’ 1952 article titled “National security as an ambiguous Symbol”, many people who believe national security should be the priority of a nation, are afraid of external threats on their country. That would somewhat still be fit in contemporary Russia because of Russians’ view of state. Nations tend to create protection and security through the use of power. That is, I think, especially the case in Russia, which is a really large and powerful country in the worlds retrospectrum. Their president, Vladimir Putin, exercises his sole power many times using sometimes even quite controversial means, such as threatening or implying “terms and conditions” to other countries. He uses these means to gain leverage, and on many occasions, he uses this leverage, at least on the surface, to enhance the security policies of Russia.

One of such mediums, putting all reliance on armaments and alliances, is viewed by many to be better than pursuing total neutrality. Compare this view, widely used in Russian politics, i.e. to the one used here in Finland, and you’ll notice the major difference between these means – even though Russia’s means have for sure softened a bit from the days of the Cold War. Finland is a truly neutral country, partly because of its history and geopolitical position on the map, while Russia can be seen in a vastly different light in the world politics. So, Wolfers’ almost 70 years old article is quite competent in this light.

Still, security as a symbol, if used incorrectly, can create more doubt than there should be. Adding to the possible doubt over what security is, is the idea of security being still just a mean towards some bigger goal or end. Protection and preservation of national core values have been thought to be such ends themselves. I think that thought fits in neatly to contemporary Russia and its security policy – especially considering their current foreign policy, in which, for example, NATO and EU are seen as not-so-welcome institutions, and as the biggest threats to Russian security and nation. Security is also a value comparable to power and wealth. Together, and separately, these things are important to international affairs. What’s notable though, is that putting all focus on security is a big burden on a nation’s economy, an idea presented In Wolfers’ article, that is still relevant. It is argued by the fact that the more a nation contributes its recourses to security, the less assets are available for other areas. Russia’s economy is in a slight downfall, which might be explained in part by their conservative and anti-EU antics, and their contemporary security policies.


Gig & convo

In this post I’ll tell you about this one Friday night in late February, when myself, and my friends Matti and Iivari went to this concert at Korjaamo. DJ Kridlokk, who is a Finnish rapper, had just dropped a new album titled “Silius”, and was now performing it live for the first time there. The three of us decided to buy tickets and the plans were set for that night. Before the show we gathered to my flat, and had a couple of beers to get to the right mood for such occasion. It was also a perfect opportunity to ease in some English, and so we did. For about two hours we spoke more or less in English about… well, anything that came to mind really: school, music, movies, etc. Those couple of hours passed by fairly quickly, and it was time to head towards the main event of the night.

The doors opened at 8:00 PM, but we were there around 10:00 PM. That was when Tuuttimörkö, a supporting artist for the show, and a friend of Kridlokk’s was set to take the stage. And so he did, precisely at 10:15 PM hahah. He was soooo good too, and he really got the anticipating crowd going and ready for the main gig, that was of course Kridlokk’s. He performed the whole album, in order, and it was as good as expected, maybe even better. The setlist was as follows:

1. Mönjä 3:01
2. Harvin aine 2:03
3. USB 2:57
4. Siri 3:23
5. Hävisin 3:54
6. Oon Paperi T 3:14
7. Oon Eevil Stöö 3:13
8. Varaani 3:46
9. Eli 3:38
10. T-800 3:20
11. Jos 4:43

For me the most anticipated moment was when he got to the sixth track of the album, “Oon Paperi T”, which is performed by Paperi T, who is my absolute favourite among the now countless pack of Finnish rappers. Why did I look forward to it so much then? Well, I really wanted to see if the man himself was there to perform the song. Sadly for me, and many others I’m sure, he wasn’t there… or so we thought. He did in fact come to the stage right at the end of the song just to wave for the now enthusiastic and cheering crowd. He wasn’t bothered about performing that night, so he was there just to enjoy a good show like the rest of us, and I really don’t hold it against him haha! Anyway, overall, the show was splendid! Kridlokk was as good as ever and he got us crowd members along fantastically. I mean I really like the new album, and the live show was just as good as I thought it would be. If you ever get a chance to see him perform live, I urge you to do so. You won’t be disappointed!

The album cover of “Silius”

Quick little food recipe

Howdy! This time I thought I’d share one of my absolute favourite recipes with you. It’s this very simple, yet delicious shrimp-wok. Okay so, first things first, here are the ingredients you’re going to need:

  • A few carrots
  • Broccoli
  • 1-2 red onions
  • Garlic
  • Bell pepper
  • (Any vegetable you’d like will work really, so just use your favourite ones as you please)
  • 200 grams of frozen small shrimps
  • Seasoning (salt, pepper, powdered ginger, soy-sauce, optional chilli, etc.)
  • 2 free range eggs
  • Sambal-oelek -sauce
  • Noodles of your choosing

Next up, the preparation:

Get the pan going on medium heat, and put the frozen shrimps in. Chop up the onions & garlic, and throw them in once the water from the melting shrimps has boiled off. Make sure you don’t burn them. Add salt and freshly ground pepper. Prepare the vegetables of your choosing and add them to the mix. Cover with a lid so the moisture will stay in the pan making the vegetables a bit more chewable while still maintaining that nice crispiness. Scoop the vegetables to the other side of the pan, add a bit of vegetable oil, and crack the two eggs in. Let them solidify for a moment before whisking them up to nice, small pieces that’ll add some nice texture to the wok. Mix the eggs with the vegetables, and add your cooked noodles in. Add the soy-sauce, powdered ginger and the sambal-oelek -sauce, and get all of the ingredients in the pan a final mix. Enjoy!

P.S. I’d add a photo of this dish had I not eaten it all before writing all of this down… it was just too delicious haha!

A Netflix recap

As my ALMS-plan stated, I was supposed to watch quite a lot of movies, series and documentaries etc. I have done just that. First I’d like to recap this one movie I watched from Netflix, Bird Box. It’s a thriller/horror movie starring Sandra Bullock. A bit about the plot: there is some mysterious presence – invisible to the viewer – that drives everyone who is unfortunate enough to glance a look at it, to commit a suicide. The only way to survive in this apocalyptic environment is to wear a blindfold every time you step outside. Mallory, played by Sandra Bullock, has to get two of her children to safety to this certain place, after five years of daily struggling just to survive. The story follows their desperate journey, and offers flashbacks to earlier days of this civilisation-sweeping mass-suicide epidemic to let the viewer know what has happened five years prior to the start of the protagonists’ bid to safety.

Now I made the mistake of watching this movie alone in my small apartment late in the evening. I mean, it was intense and I must stress this – I do not enjoy horror-films, so I really don’t know why I chose to watch it haha. But overall, not considering my deep hatred towards horror, the movie was surprisingly pleasant to watch. It wasn’t too much of a “crap your pants and lose your sleep for a week” -type of experience. But afterwards speaking though… it wasn’t even that good of a movie sadly. It was okay I guess, it just lacked a few elements here and there that would’ve made it better in my opinion. I’d give it a rating of 6/10.

Next up on my Netflix-summary: a series called Broadchurch! It takes place in a small coastal-town in Britain, where 11-year-old Danny Latimer has been murdered. It causes a huge, really unwanted media-frenzy, which totally turns the lives of its residents upside down, mostly of course the Latimers’. Everyone seems to be hiding something, to have secrets they are unwilling to share even at this tragic hour, and it’s the job of a recently arrived D.I. Alec Hardy (David Tennant) and his partner D.S. Ellie Miller (Olivia Coleman, a recent Academic Award -winner!) to solve the case, and bring back the remains of the once thrived peacefulness of the town.

Now this series… it’s… it’s amazing! It is one of the best things I have ever watched. The actors are perfect for their roles, and you really get a feeling like this thing has actually happened. It is touching, provoking, irritating, frustrating, hopeful… it really sucks you in like a hoover does to a dust mite. As a viewer, you are constantly given new hints on who might have committed the horrendous crime, but you can never be sure. And I promise, the inevitable revealing of the killer will come as a shock to you, but it’s so good that you can’t help but to applaud the screenwriters’ creativity while still being so baffled on what just happened, that you begin to question everything you have seen. In all fairness, I loved every single second of this show. So much so that I actually binge watched the entire first season in one day haha. This masterpiece mops the floor with the Bird Box I watched earlier, no debate. And the rating? A solid 10/10 of course!

Last but not least on this list of the things I’ve recently been watching on Netflix, is Top Gear. I’m sure you’ve at least heard of this number one show of the worlds petrol-heads. In fact, it was the number one show of the world, period (based on the numbers) – no matter if you were a car enthusiast or not. The popularity of the show was much thanks to its hosts Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond and James May. Sadly, the trio left the show in 2015 following a fall-out between Clarkson and the shows’ producers. They now have a show on Amazon Prime called the Grand Tour. Anyway, back to the episodes I’ve been watching. Now I’ve seen a lot of them in my time, but recently I decided to just watch all of the best episodes again for fun, and because they are so well made that it’s a pleasure to the eye and mind every single time.

The episodes I’ve been watching have included, for example, a trip to the source of the River Nile, a race in St. Petersburg between a car, a bike, a hovercraft and public transport, a look down in the history of a few car-makers such as Saab and Peugeot, and of course driving and testing new, magnificent cars, just to name a few.

The time I’ve spent watching these shows and the movie discussed above, is around 22 hours in total.

Edinburgh & Amsterdam

So, this is the beginning of my ALMS-course-blog. Where shall I begin? First things first, let me tell you about my trip to Edinburgh and Amsterdam! Now I must say, the fact that we (I went there with two of my friends) even decided to book the flights was really exempore. We were just chilling at my place this one Saturday and my friend Samu talked with his brother about Scotland and their whiskeys. One thing led to another, and before we knew, we had booked flights to Edinburgh via Amsterdam. I remember waking up the next morning really early and just thinking to myself “what the heck did we do lol”. Next on the list was getting all of us together to book some sort of accommodation so that we wouldn’t have to sleep in a ditch or something hahah. That happened on the following Friday in Jyväskylä, where we all were visiting our parents’ houses. Well… actually Tomi, the other friend whom we were on the trip with, lives in Jyväskylä, so it was convenient. Anyway, now that all of these “formalities” were out of the equation, the journey was ready to begin!

Our flight was set to leave at 6:55 a.m. at Helsinki-Vantaa International Airport, so we needed to get up at 3:00 a.m. Needless to say, we were tired. Our layover in Amsterdam was just 55 minutes and we had to run to our departure gate because the flight wasn’t quite on time. Finally we arrived to Edinburgh. From the moment we got out of the plane, I really saw just how beautiful of a country it was. Sunshine met with light rain, and together with the rugged, harsh landscapes in the distance they created this really graceful and postage stamp-like view from the window of this tram-ish thing we used to get to the city-center. And oh don’t get me started on how much I fell in love with the city; it’s architecture, history, people, atmosphere, all of it. The museums were free as well, so I can assure you, we took an advantage of that. The National Museum and Gallery were spectacular. We spent our three days there walking around seeing the sights and just taking it all in within the best of our ability. The old town was really fascinating and full of history and scenic old buildings too. Of course we dragged our asses to a few pubs as well, and let me tell you, they were brilliant as you might’ve guessed at this point.

View from a hilltop in Edinburgh
Victoria Street

As time went on, our days in Edinburgh were up and we had to head back home. But, there’s a little twist. This time on our way home, the layover in Amsterdam was 22 hours! We had time, and I mean a lot of it, to visit this city as well and so we did. We wandered around and tried to see as much of the city as possible. Also, we met a Dutch friend of Samu’s in the evening which was really cool! We had booked a hotel for the night so we didn’t have to spent the night at the airport, as our connecting flight left at 7.00 a.m. the following morning. Yes, we had too many early mornings haha! Apart form them, the whole trip was amazing! I got to see many, many gorgeous things with my mates, speak English all day long and really take in all the things we don’t have here in Finland.

Beautiful, old buildings in Amsterdam

It’s kind of hard to estimate how much time I spent speaking English that counts towards this course. I mean it is a lot, because I spoke English every day for four days straight, and in fact we had these two nights where we decided to only talk to each other in English instead of Finnish, because… well, why the heck not! And it’s not only the speaking I did whilst abroad, I also read and heard lots of English too soooo… I would estimate the speaking hours to be around 16, the listening would be about the same. The reading aspect is much more difficult to ponder but I’d estimate it with the best of my ability to be more or less in the region of six to seven hours.