I got some great feedback from Kenneth, and changed my text a bit.
Summary of the article
Kantaväestön pakoa? Miksi maahanmuuttajakeskittymistä muutetaan pois?
Katja Vilkama, Mari vaattovaara and Hanna Dhalmann
In the article “Kantaväestön pakoa? Miksi maahanmuuttajakeskittymistä muutetaan pois? (Yhteiskuntapolitiikka 5/2013) Katja Vilkama, Mari Vaattovaara and Hanna Dhalmann have studied the ethnic and socio-economic segregation in the Helsinki metropolitan region. The aim of the study was to investigate the reasons for migration, and to determine whether the so called white flight happens in Helsinki. The white flight theory was originally developed in the United States, and according to the theory the white population of an area starts to move away as the black population grows. The white flight theory in this study is associated with the increase of immigrant population in an area of Helsinki.
For decades, Helsinki has been one of the fastest growing urban areas in Europe, and a major part of this growth has been due to increased migration. The proportion of immigrants is predicted to reach 20 percent by the year 2020. Areal differentiation is becoming a reality in Helsinki, and this can create a number of both social and societal challenges. Suburbs and neighborhoods show increased differences in their level of income, unemployment rate and ethnic structure. Research has also shown that immigrants are more likely to move to areas where the ethnic diversity is already high. Moving behavior can be explained by so called push and pull factors. Push factors are the usually negative features that drive people to move away from an area, while pull factors are positive factors that make an area tempting and appealing. For instance, social problems, an unpleasant environment, a lack of greenspace, feelings of insecurity, and undesirable location can cause people to seek a more suitable living environment.
The main objective of the study was to examine the motives and reasons for the original population to move to a different neighborhood. Does the increasing number of immigrants in an area drive the original population away? Do the increasing socio-economical problems cause the original and usually wealthier population to vote with their feet? The results of the study give interesting answers to these questions.