Data collection & Instruments

We have used several different instruments in our data collection. Several of them we have produced by ourselves (the observation instrument includes involvement scale developed by Laevers 1994). According to the principles of open access we provide them for viewing for the research community. However, the copyright of the instruments belongs to Orientation project, which is directed by Jyrki Reunamo. If you are interested to use the instruments in your research, please contact Jyrki Reunamo at the University of Helsinki. Our main tools are observation, child evaluations, learning environment evaluations and leadership evaluations.

In addition to the instruments described above, we have used tests for reading and writing readiness, math skills, creativity, balance skills, motor skills, stress level testing (cortisol and alpha amylasis) and physical activity monitoring by Polar activity monitors. The original instruments of Observation and Child Evaluation were developed in 1997 (see Reunamo 2007). They were further developed with the help of the Taiwanese team (especially Hui-Chun Lee, Li-Chen Wang and Rosalind Wu, see The Involvement scale has been developed by Laevers (1994). The original learning environment evaluation was developed in 2004 based on the City of Helsinki data and enhanced during several rounds of quality evaluation with the help of the municipality participants between years 2010-2015. The Leadership evaluation was developed in 2014 with the help of Marja-Liisa Akselin and Ulla Soukainen (thank you for Timo Järvensivu). 2016 the leaderhip evaluation was updated to include the 2016 Finnish curriculum. This updating of the learning environment evaluation and leadership evaluation was conducted with the help of experts from Espoo, Helsinki, Hyvinkää, Hämeenlinna, Järvenpää, Kerava, Kouvola, Mäntsälä, Nurmijärvi, Sipoo, Turku and Vantaa.

The interview tool for children’s social orientations was first developed by Jyrki Reunamo (1986, 1990, 1998). The Taiwanese team (especially Hui-Chun Lee, Li-chen Wang, Rosalind Wu,Wann-Yi Mau and Chao-Jung Lin) have participated in developing and testing the interview tool. The pictures of the interview tool have been produced by Tzung Ying Li. The key for interpreting children’s orientations was done by Jyrki Reunamo and Outi Tirkkonen. In 2014 several items were updated. Among the revisors have been Hui-Chun Lee, Teemu Nikkola and several city of Helsinki Kindergarten teachers.