Tag Archives: Articles

Three recent publications in Nature, PNAS and Nature Ecology and Evolution


Reconciling taxon senescence with the Red Queen’s hypothesis (Zliobaite, Fortelius, Stenseth)


About it:





Productivity, biodiversity, and pathogens influence the global hunter-gatherer population density (Tallavaara, Eronen, Luoto)


Press release in English:


Press release in Finnish:



The rise and fall of the Old World savannah fauna and the origins of the African savannah biome (Kaya, Bibi, Zliobaite, Eronen, Tang, Fortelius)

(Access unfortunately not provided by our university):


About it:


Recent interesting paleonews

Welker, F., Collins, M. J., Thomas, J. A., Wadsley, M., Brace, S., Cappellini, E., Turvey, S. T., Reguero, M., Gelfo, J. N., Kramarz, A., Burger, J., Thomas-Oates, J., Ashford, D. A., Ashton, P. D., Rowsell, K., Porter, D. M., Kessler, B., Fischer, R., Baessmann, C., Kaspar, S., Olsen, J. V., Kiley, P., Elliott, J. A., Kelstrup, C. D., Mullin, V., Hofreiter, M., Willerslev, E., Hublin, J.-J., Orlando, L., Barnes, I. & MacPhee, R. D. E., 2015: Ancient proteins resolve the evolutionary history of Darwin/’s South American ungulates.
–Nature: in press [doi: 10.1038/nature14249]

No large group of recently extinct placental mammals remains as evolutionarily cryptic as the approximately 280 genera grouped as ‘South American native ungulates’. To Charles Darwin, who first collected their remains, they included perhaps the ‘strangest animal[s] ever discovered’. Today, much like 180 years ago, it is no clearer whether they had one origin or several, arose before or after the Cretaceous/Palaeogene transition 66.2 million years ago, or are more likely to belong with the elephants and sirenians of superorder Afrotheria than with the euungulates (cattle, horses, and allies) of superorder Laurasiatheria. Morphology-based analyses have proved unconvincing because convergences are pervasive among unrelated ungulate-like placentals. Approaches using ancient DNA have also been unsuccessful, probably because of rapid DNA degradation in semitropical and temperate deposits. Here we apply proteomic analysis to screen bone samples of the Late Quaternary South American native ungulate taxa Toxodon (Notoungulata) and Macrauchenia (Litopterna) for phylogenetically informative protein sequences. For each ungulate, we obtain approximately 90% direct sequence coverage of type I collagen α1- and α2-chains, representing approximately 900 of 1,140 amino-acid residues for each subunit. A phylogeny is estimated from an alignment of these fossil sequences with collagen (I) gene transcripts from available mammalian genomes or mass spectrometrically derived sequence data obtained for this study. The resulting consensus tree agrees well with recent higher-level mammalian phylogenies. Toxodon and Macrauchenia form a monophyletic group whose sister taxon is not Afrotheria or any of its constituent clades as recently claimed, but instead crown Perissodactyla (horses, tapirs, and rhinoceroses). These results are consistent with the origin of at least some South American native ungulates from ‘condylarths’, a paraphyletic assembly of archaic placentals. With ongoing improvements in instrumentation and analytical procedures, proteomics may produce a revolution in systematics such as that achieved by genomics, but with the possibility of reaching much further back in time.

Zanno, L. E., Drymala, S., Nesbitt, S. J. & Schneider, V. P., 2015: Early crocodylomorph increases top tier predator diversity during rise of dinosaurs.
–Scientific Reports: Vol. 5, art.no. 9276 [doi: 10.1038/srep09276]

Triassic predatory guild evolution reflects a period of ecological flux spurred by the catastrophic end-Permian mass extinction and terminating with the global ecological dominance of dinosaurs in the early Jurassic. In responding to this dynamic ecospace, terrestrial predator diversity attained new levels, prompting unique trophic webs with a seeming overabundance of carnivorous taxa and the evolution of entirely new predatory clades. Key among these was Crocodylomorpha, the largest living reptiles and only one of two archosaurian lineages that survive to the present day. In contrast to their existing role as top, semi-aquatic predators, the earliest crocodylomorphs were generally small-bodied, terrestrial faunivores, occupying subsidiary (meso) predator roles. Here we describe Carnufex carolinensis a new, unexpectedly large-bodied taxon with a slender and ornamented skull from the Carnian Pekin Formation (~231 Ma), representing one of the oldest and earliest diverging crocodylomorphs described to date. Carnufex bridges a problematic gap in the early evolution of pseudosuchians by spanning key transitions in bauplan evolution and body mass near the origin of Crocodylomorpha. With a skull length of >50 cm, the new taxon documents a rare instance of crocodylomorphs ascending to top-tier predator guilds in the equatorial regions of Pangea prior to the dominance of dinosaurs.

Van Roy, P., Daley, A. C. & Briggs, D. E. G., 2015: Anomalocaridid trunk limb homology revealed by a giant filter-feeder with paired flaps.
–Nature: in press [doi: 10.1038/nature14256]

Exceptionally preserved fossils from the Palaeozoic era provide crucial insights into arthropod evolution, with recent discoveries bringing phylogeny and character homology into sharp focus. Integral to such studies are anomalocaridids, a clade of stem arthropods whose remarkable morphology illuminates early arthropod relationships and Cambrian ecology. Although recent work has focused on the anomalocaridid head, the nature of their trunk has been debated widely. Here we describe new anomalocaridid specimens from the Early Ordovician Fezouata Biota of Morocco19, which not only show well-preserved head appendages providing key ecological data, but also elucidate the nature of anomalocaridid trunk flaps, resolving their homology with arthropod trunk limbs. The new material shows that each trunk segment bears a separate dorsal and ventral pair of flaps, with a series of setal blades attached at the base of the dorsal flaps. Comparisons with other stem lineage arthropods indicate that anomalocaridid ventral flaps are homologous with lobopodous walking limbs and the endopod of the euarthropod biramous limb, whereas the dorsal flaps and associated setal blades are homologous with the flaps of gilled lobopodians (for example, Kerygmachela kierkegaardi, Pambdelurion whittingtoni) and exites of the ‘Cambrian biramous limb’. This evidence shows that anomalocaridids represent a stage before the fusion of exite and endopod into the ‘Cambrian biramous limb’, confirming their basal placement in the euarthropod stem, rather than in the arthropod crown or with cycloneuralian worms. Unlike other anomalocaridids, the Fezouata taxon combines head appendages convergently adapted for filter-feeding with an unprecedented body length exceeding 2 m, indicating a new direction in the feeding ecology of the clade. The evolution of giant filter-feeding anomalocaridids may reflect the establishment of highly developed planktic ecosystems during the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event.

Ten Simple Rules for the Care and Feeding of Scientific Data

‘Today, most research projects are considered complete when a journal article based on the analysis has been written and published. The trouble is, the amount of real data and data description in modern publications is almost never sufficient to repeat or even statistically verify a study being presented. Worse, researchers wishing to build upon and extend work presented in the literature often have trouble recovering data associated with an article after it has been published. More often than scientists would like to admit, they cannot even recover the data associated with their own published works.

So how do we go about caring for and feeding data? This article offers a short guide to the steps scientists can take to ensure that their data and associated analyses continue to be of value and to be recognized.’


Festschrift in Honor of Mikael Fortelius published

Hi all,

We are glad to inform that the Festschrift in Honor of Mikael Fortelius has now been published in the latest online issue of Annales Zoologici Fennici vol. 51(1-2) (open access). Please visit http://www.annzool.net/. Printed version will be in distribution as of 7 April 2014.

Best regards,
Krzysztof Raciborski, Ph.D.

Managing editor

Anu, Jussi, Jukka, Pirkko and Suvi

Some interesting new papers

Here are a few very recent papers that might be of interest to the club members:

Using paleontological data to assess mammalian community structure: Potential aid in conservation planning


Analysis of Dental Root Apical Morphology: A New Method for Dietary Reconstructions in Primates


New evidence for canine dietary function in Afropithecus turkanensis


New insight from old bones: stable isotope analysis of fossil mammals



Recommended reading, 2009-2010

Recommended reading, 2009-2010

selected by Mikko Haaramo

Adam, C. & Vidal, V., 2010: mantle flow drives the subsidence of oceanic plates.
–Science: Vol. 328, pp. 83-85 [doi: 10.1126/science.1185906]

Ahlberg, P. E., Trinajstic, K., Johanson, Z. & Long, J. A., 2009: Pelvic claspers confirm
chondrichthyan-like internal fertilization in arthrodires.
–Nature: Vol. 460, pp. 888-889 [doi: 10.1038/nature08176]

Aiba, H., Baba, K. & Matsukawa, M., 2010: A new species of Stegodon (Mammalia,
Proboscidea) from the Kazusa Group (lower Pleistocene), Hachioji City, Tokyo, Japan and its
evolutionary morphodynamics.
–Palaeontology: Vol. 53, #3, pp. 471-490 [doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.00953.x]

Albarède, F., 2009: Volitile accretion history of the terrestrial planets and dynamic
–Nature: Vol. 461, pp. 1227-1233 [doi: 10.1038/nature08477]

Alexander, D. E., Gong, E., Martin, L. D., Burnham, D. A. & Falk, A. R., 2010: Model test
of gliding with different hindwing configurations in the four-winged dromaeosaurid
Microraptor gui.
–PNAS: Vol. 107, #7, pp. 2972-2976 [doi: 10.1073/pnas.0911852107]

Alifanov, V. R. & Barsbold, R., 2009: Ceratonykus oculatus gen. et sp. nov., a new
dinosaur (?Theropoda, Alvarezsauria) from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia.
–Paleontological Journal: Vol. 2009, #1, pp. 86-99

Alvarado-Ortega, J. & Brito, P. M., 2010: A new ichthyodectiform (Actinopterygii,
Teleostei) from the Lower Cretaceous Marizal Formation, north-east Brazil.
–Palaeontology: Vol. 53, #2, pp. 297-306 [doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.00935.x]

Anquetin, J., Barrett, P. M., Jones, M. E. H., Moore-Fay, S. & Evans, S. E., 2009: A new
stem turtle from the Middle Jurassic of Scotland: new insights into the evolution and
palaeoecology of basal turtles.
–Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological series: Vol. 276, pp. 879-886 [doi:

Armitage, J. J., Collier, J. S. & Minshull, T. A., 2010: The importance of rift history for
volcanic margin formation.
–Nature: Vol. 465, pp. 913-917 [doi: 10.1038/nature09063]

Averianov, A. O. & Krasnolutskii, S. A., 2009: Stegosaur remains from the Middle
Jurassic of West Siberia.
–Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS: Vol. 313, #2, pp. 153-167

Averianov, A. O., Krasnolutskii, S. A. & Ivantsov, S. V., 2010: A new basal coelurosaur
(Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the Middle Jurassic of Siberia.
–Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS: Vol. 314, #1, pp. 42-57

Averianov, A. O. & Skutschas, P. P., 2009: Additions to the early Cretaceous dinosaur
fauna of Transbaikalia, eastern Russia.
–Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS: Vol. 313, #4, pp. 363-378

Balanoff, A. M., Xu, X., Kobayashi, Y., Matsufune, Y. & Norell, M. A., 2009: Cranial
osteology of the theropod dinosaur Incisivosaurus gauthieri (Theropoda: Oviraptorosauria).
–American Museum Novitates: #3651, pp. 1-35

Bao, H., Yu, S. & Tong, D. Q., 2010: Massive volcanic SO2 oxidation and sulphate
aerosol deposition in Cenozoic North America.
–Nature: Vol. 465, pp. 909-912 [doi: 10.1038/nature09100]

Bell, A. K., Chiappe, L. M., Erickson, G. M., Suzuki, S., Watabe, M., Barsbold, R. &
Tsogtbaatar, K., 2009: Description and ecologic analysis of Hollanda luceria, a Late Cretaceous
bird from the Gobi Desert (Mongolia).
–Cretaceous Research: Vol. 31, #1, pp. 16-26 [doi: 10.1016/J.CRETRES.2009.09.001]

Benson, R. B. J., Carrano, M. T. & Brusatte, S. L., 2009: A new clade of archaic large-
bodied predatory dinosaurs (Theropoda: Allosauroidea) that survived to the latest Mesozoic.
–Naturwissenschaften: in Press, pp. 1-8 [doi: 10.1007/s00114-009-0614-x]

Benson, R. B. J. & Radley, J. D., 2010: A new large-bodied theropod dinosaur from the
Middle Jurassic of Warwickshirw, United Kingdom.
–Acta Palaeontologica Polonica: Vol. 55, #1, pp. 35-42 [doi: 10.4202/app.2009.0083]

Berger, L. R., de Ruiter, D. J., Churchill, S. E., Schmid, P., Carlson, K. J., Dirks, P. H. G. M.
& Kibii, J. M., 2010: Australopithecus sediba: a new species of Homo-like australopith from
South Africa.
–Science: Vol. 328, pp. 195-204 [doi: 10.1126/science.1184944]

Bergmann, U., Morton, R. W., Manning, P. L., Sellers, W. I., Farrar, S., Huntley, K. G.,
Wogelius, R. A. & Larson, P., 2010: Archaeopteryx feathers and bone chemistry fully revealed
via synchrotron imaging.
–PNAS: Vol. 107, #20, pp. 9060-9065 [doi: 10.1073/pnas.1001569107]

Bernard, A., Lécuyer, C., Vincent, P., Amiot, R., Bardet, N., Buffetaut, E., Cuny, G.,
Fourel, F., Martineau, F., Mazin, J.-M. & Prieur, A., 2010: Regulation of body temperature by
some Mesozoic marine reptiles.
–Science: Vol. 328, pp. 1379-1382 [doi: 10.1126/science.1187443]

Bi, S., Meng, J., Wu, W., Ye, J. & Ni, X., 2009: New distylomyid rodents (Mammalia:
Rodentia) from the Early Miocene Suosuoquan Formation of Northern Xinjiang, China.
–American Museum Novitates: #3663, pp. 1-18

Bickelmann, C., Müller, J. & Reisz, R. R., 2009: The enigmatic diapsid
Acerosodontosaurus piveteaui (Reptilia: Neodiapsida) from the Upper Permian of Madagascar
and the paraphyly of “younginiform” reptiles.
–Canadian Journal of Earth Sciencies: Vol. 46, pp. 651-661 [doi: 10.1139/E09-038]

Bijl, P. K., Schouten, S., Sluijs, A., Reichart, G.-J., Zachos, J. C. & Brinkhuis, H., 2009:
Early Palaeogene temperature evolution of the southwest pacific Ocean.
–Nature: Vol. 461, pp. 776-779 [doi: 10.1038/nature08399]

Botha-Brink, J. & Angielczyk, K. D., 2010: Do extraordinarily high growth rates in
Permo-Triassic dicynodonts (Therapsida, Anomodontia) explain their success before and after
the end-Permian extinction?
–Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society: in Press, pp. 1-25 [doi: 10.1111/j.1096-

Brochu, C. A., Njau, J., Blumenschine, R. J. & Densmore III, L. D., 2010: A new horned
crocodile from the Plio-Pleistocene hominid sites at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.
–Plos One: Vol. 5, #2, pp. e9333 (1-13) [doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009333]

Brusatte, S. L., Benson, R. B. J., Chure, D. C., Xu, X., Sullivan, C. & Hone, D. W. E., 2009:
The first definitive carcharodontosaurid (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from Asia and the delayed
ascent of tyrannosaurids.
–Naturwissenschaften: Vol. 96, pp. 1051-1058 [doi: 10.1007/s00114-009-0565-2]

Brusatte, S. L., Benton, M. J., Desojo, J. B. & Langer, M. C., 2010: The higher-level
phylogeny of Archosauria (Tetrapoda: Diapsida).
–Journal of Systematic Palaeontology: Vol. 8, #1, pp. 3-47 [doi: 10.1080/14772010903537732]

Brusatte, S. L., Norell, M. A., Carr, T. D., Erickson, G. M., Hutchinson, J. R., Balanoff, A.
M., Bever, C. S., Choiniere, J. N., Makovicky, P. J. & Xu, X., 2010: Tyrannosaur Paleobiology:
New Research on Ancient Exemplar Organisms.
–Science: Vol. 329, pp. 1481-1485 [doi: 10.1126/science.1193304]

Butler, R. J., Galton, P. M., Porro, L. B., Chiappe, L. M., Henderson, D. M. & Erickson, G.
M., 2009: Lower limits of ornithischian dinosaur body size inferred from a new Upper Jurassic
heterodontosaurid from North America.
–Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological series: in Press, pp. 1-7 [doi:

Butler, R. J. & Zhao, Q., 2009: The small-bodied ornithischian dinosaurs
Micropachycephalosaurus hongtuyanensis and Wannanosaurus yansiensis from the Late
Cretaceous of China.
–Cretaceous Research: Vol. 30, #1, pp. 63-77 [doi: 10.1016/j.cretres.2008.03.002]

Cabreira, S. F. & Cisneros, J. C., 2009: Tooth histology of the parareptile Soturnia
caliodon from the Upper Triassic of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
–Acta Palaeontologica Polonica: Vol. 54, #4, pp. 743-748 [doi: 10.4202/app.2008.0047]

Carr, R. K. & Hlavin, W. J., 2010: Two new species of Dunkleosteus Lehman, 1956, from
the Ohio Shale Formation (USA, Famennian) and the Kettle Point Formation (Canada, Upper
Devonian), and a cladistic analysis of the Eubrachythoraci (Placeodermi, Arthrodira).
–Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society: Vol. 159, #1, pp. 195-222 [doi: 10.1111/j.1096-

Chatzimanolis, S., Engel, M. S., Newton, A. F. & Grimaldi, D. A., 2009: New ant-like
stone beetles in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae:
–Cretaceous Research: Vol. 31, #1, pp. 77-84 [doi: 10.1016/j.cretres.2009.09.009]

Christiansen, P. & Mazák, J. H., 2009: A primitive Late Pliocene cheetah, and evolution
of the cheetah lineage.
–Proceedings of the National Academy of Science: Vol. 106, #2, pp. 512-515 [doi:

Cicimurri, D. J. & Knight, J. L., 2009: Late Oligocene sharks and rays from the Chandler
Bridge Formation, Dorchester County, South Carolina, USA.
–Acta Palaeontologica Polonica: Vol. 54, #4, pp. 627-647 [doi: 10.4202/app.2008.0077]

Clement, A. M., 2009: A new genus of lungfish from the Givetian (Middle Devonian) of
central Australia.
–Acta Palaeontologica Polonica: Vol. 54, #4, pp. 615-626 [doi: 10.4202/app.2008.0057]

Conway Morris, S. & Peel, J. S., 2010: New palaeoscolecidan worms from Lower
Cambrian: Sirius Passet, Latham Shale and Kinzers Shale.
–Acta Palaeontologica Polonica: Vol. 55, #1, pp. 141-156 [doi: 10.4202/app.2009.0058]

Csiki, Z., Vremirb, M., Brusatte, S. L. & Norell, M. A., 2010: An aberrant island-dwelling
theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Romania.
–PNAS: Vol. in Press, pp. 1-5 [doi: 10.1073/pnas.1006970107]

Daley, A. C. & Budd, G. E., 2010: New anomalocaridid appendages from the Burgess
Shale, Canada.
–Palaeontology: Vol. 53, #4, pp. 721-738 [doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.00955.x]

Daley, A. C., Budd, G. E., Caron, J.-B., Edgecombe, G. D. & Collins, D. H., 2009: The
Burgess Shale anomalocaridid Hurdia and its significance for early euarthropod evolution.
–Science: Vol. 323, pp. 1597-1600 [doi: 10.1126/science.1169514]

Danilov, I. G., Averianov, A. O. & Yarkov, A. A., 2010: Itilochelys rasstrigin gen. et sp.
nov., a new hard-shelled sea turtle (Cheloniidae sensu lato) from the Lower Paleocene of
Volgograd Province, Russia.
–Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS: Vol. 314, #1, pp. 24-41

Davies, A., Kemp, A. E. S. & Pike, J., 2009: Late Cretaceous seasonal ocean variability
from the Arctic.
–Nature: Vol. 460, pp. 254-258 [doi: 10.1038/nature08141]

Delmer, C., 2009: Reassessment of the generic attribution of Numidotherium savagei
and the homologies of lower incisors in proboscideans.
–Acta Palaeontologica Polonica: Vol. 54, #4, pp. 561-580 [doi: 10.4202/app.2007.0036]

Dias-da-Silva, S., Dias, E. V. & Schultz, C. L., 2009: First record of stereospondyls
(Tetrapoda: Temnospondyli) in the Upper Triassic of Southern Brazil.
–Gondwana Research: Vol. 15, #1, pp. 131-136 [doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2008.07.002]

Dirks, P. H. G. M., Kibii, J. M., Kuhn, B. F., Steininger, C., Churchill, S. E., Kramers, J. D.,
Pickering, R., Farber, D. L., Mériaux, A.-S., Herries, A. I. R., King, G. C. P. & Berger, L. R., 2010:
Geological setting and age of Australopithecus sediba from southern Africa.
–Science: Vol. 328, pp. 205-208 [doi: 10.1126/science.1184950]

Eldrett, J. S., Greenwood, D. R., Harding, I. C. & Huber, M., 2009: Increased seasonality
through the Eocene to Oligocene transition in northern high latitudes.
–Nature: Vol. 459, pp. 969-974 [doi: 10.1038/nature08069]

Erickson, G. M., Rauhut, O. W. M., Zhou, Z., Turner, A. H., Inouye, B. D., Hu, D. &
Norell, M. A., 2009: Was dinosaurian physiology inherited by birds? Reconciling slow growth in
–Plos One: Vol. 4, #10, pp. e7390(7391-7399) [doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007390]

Eronen, J. T., Mirzaie Ataabadi, M., Micheels, A., Karme, A., Bernor, R. L. & Fortelius,
M., 2009: Distribution history and climatic controls of the Late Miocene Pikermian
–Proceedings of the National Academy of Science: Vol. 106, #29, pp. 11867-11871 [doi:

Evans, D. C., Maddin, H. C. & Reisz, R. R., 2009: A re-evaluation of sphenacodontid
synapsid material from the lower Perrmian fissure fills near Richards Spur, Oklahoma.
–Palaeontology: Vol. 52, #1, pp. 219-227 [doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2008.00837.x]

Ezcurra, M. D., 2010: a new early dinosaur (Saurischia: Sauropodomorpha) from the
late Triassic of Argentina: a reassessment of dinosaur origin and phylogeny.
–Journal of Systematic Palaeontology: Vol. 8, #3, pp. 371-425 [doi:

Farmer, C. G. & Sanders, R. K., 2010: Unidirectional airflow in the lungs of alligators.
–Science: Vol. 327, pp. 338-340 [doi: 10.1126/science.1180219]

Fink, W. L. & Humphries, J. H., 2010: Morphological description of the extinct North
American sucker Moxostoma lacerum (Ostariophysi, Catostomidae), based on high-resolution
X-ray computed tomography.
–Copeia: Vol. 2010, #1, pp. 5-13 [doi: 10-1643/CI-09-089]

Flores, D. A., 2009: Phylogenetic analyses of postcranial skeletal morphology in
didelphid marsupials.
–Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History: #320, pp. 1-81

Flynn, J. J., Nesbitt, S. J., Parrish, J. M., Ranivoharimanana, L. & Wyss, A. R., 2010: A
new species of Azendohsaurus (Diapsida: Archosauromorpha) from the Triassic Isalo Group of
southwestern Madagascar: cranium and mandible.
–Palaeontology: Vol. 53, #3, pp. 669-688 [doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.00954.x]

Franz, R., Hummel, J., Kienzle, E., Kölle, P., Gunga, H.-C. & Clauss, M., 2009: Allometry
of visceral organs in living amniotes and its implications for sauropod dinosaurs.
–Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological series: Vol. 276, pp. 1731-1736 [doi:

Friedman, M., Shimada, K., Martin, L. D., Everhart, M. J., Liston, J., Maltese, A. &
Triebold, M., 2010: 100-million-year dynasty of giant planktivorous bony fishes in the
Mesozoic seas.
–Science: Vol. 327, pp. 990-993, with supplement 1-58 [doi: 10.1126/science.184743]

Gaffney, E. S., Hooks III, G. E. & Schneider, V. P., 2009: New material of North
American side-necked turtles (Pleurodira: Bothremydidae).
–American Museum Novitates: #3655, pp. 1-26

Gallo, V., de Figueiredo, F. J. & Azevedo, S. A., 2009: Santanasalmo elegans gen. et sp.
nov., a basal euteleostean fish from the Lower Cretaceous of the Araripe Basin, northeastern
–Cretaceous Research: Vol. 30, pp. 1357-1366 [doi: 10.1016/j.cretres.2009.07.005]

Gao, C., Wilson, G. P., Luo, Z.-X., Maga, A. M., Meng, Q. & Wang, X., 2009: A new
mammal skull from the Lower Cretaceous of China with implications for the evolution of
obtuse-angled molars and ‘amphilestid’ eutriconodonts.
–Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological series: Vol. 277, #1, pp. 237-246 [doi:

Garcia-Castellanos, D., Estrada, F., Jiménez-Munt, I., Gorini, C., Fernàndez, M., Vergés,
J. & De Vicente, R., 2009: Catastrophic flood of the Mediterranean after the Messinian salinity
–Nature: Vol. 462, pp. 778-781 [doi: 10.1038/nature08555]

Gill, J. L., Williams, J. W., Jackson, S. T., Lininger, K. B. & Robinson, G. S., 2009:
Pleistocene megafaunal collapse, novel plant communities, and enhanced fire regimes in
North America.
–Science: Vol. 326, pp. 1100-1103 [doi: 10.1126/science.1179504]

Gingerich, P. D., ul Haq, M., Von Koenigswald, W., Sanders, W. J., Smith, B. H. &
Zalmout, I. S., 2009: New protocetid whale from the Middle Eocene of Pakistan: Birth on land,
precocial development, and sexual dimorphism.
–Plos One: Vol. 4, #2, pp. 1-20 [doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004366]

Grande, L. & Hilton, E. J., 2009: A replacement name for †Psammorhynchus Grande &
Hilton, 2006 (Actinopterygii, Acipenseriformes, Acipenseridae).
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 83, #2, pp. 317-318

Hartstone-Rose, A., Werdelin, L., de Ruiter, D. J., Berger, L. R. & Churchill, S. E., 2010:
The Plio-Pleistocene ancestor of wild dogs, Lycaon sekowei n.sp.
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 84, #2, pp. 299-308

Havird, J. C. & Page, L. M., 2010: A revision of Lepidocephalichthys (Teleostei:
Cobitidae) with descriptions of two new species from Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and Myanmar.
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Sues, H.-D. & Averianov, A. O., 2009: A new basal hadrosauroid dinosaur from the late
Cretaceous of Uzbekistan and the early radiation of duck-billed dinosaurs.
–Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological series: Vol. 276, pp. 2549-2555 [doi:

Säilä, L. K., 2009: Alpha taxonomy of the Russian Permian procolophonoid reptiles.
–Acta Palaeontologica Polonica: Vol. 54, #4, pp. 599-608 [doi: 10.4202/app.2009.0017]

Tarduno, J., Bunge, H.-P., Sleep, N. & Hansen, U., 2009: The bent Hawaiian-Emperor
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–Science: Vol. 324, pp. 50-53 [doi: 10.1126/science.1161256]

Tedford, R. H., Wang, X. & Taylor, B. E., 2009: Phylogenetic systematics of the North
American fossil Caninae (Carnivora: Canidae).
–Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History: #325, pp. 1-218

Walter, I. & Seebacher, F., 2009: Endothermy in birds: underlying molecular
–Journal of Experimental Biology, The: Vol. 212, pp. 2328-2336 [doi: 10.1242/jeb.029009]

Wang, B., Zhang, H.-C. & Szwedo, J., 2009: Jurassic Palaeontinidae from China and the
higher systematics of Palaeontinoidea (Insecta: Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha).
–Palaeontology: Vol. 52, #1, pp. 53-64 [doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2008.00826.x]

Wang, Y., Liu, Z., Wang, X., Shih, C., Zhao, Y., Engel, M. S. & Ren, D., 2010: Ancient
pinnate leaf mimesis among lacewings.
–PNAS: Vol. Early Edition, pp. 1-4 [doi: 10.1073/pnas.1006460107]

Varricchio, D. J., Raven, R. F., Wolbach, W. S., Elsik, W. C. & Witzke, B. J., 2009: Soot
and palynologic analysis of Manson impact-related strata (Upper Cretaceous) of Iowa and
South Dakota, USA.
–Cretaceous Research: Vol. 30, #1, pp. 127-134 [doi: 10.1016/j.cretres.2008.06.005]

Vernoux, J., Huang, D.-y., Jarzembowski, E. A. & Nel, A., 2009: The Proterogomphidae:
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White, T. D., Asfaw, B., Beyene, Y., Haile-Selassie, Y., Lovejoy, C. O., Suwa, G. &
WoldeGabriel, G., 2009: Ardipithecus ramidus and the paleobiology of early hominids.
–Science: Vol. 326, pp. 75-86 [doi: 10.1126/science.1175802]

Wilson, J. A., Mohabey, D. M., Peters, S. E. & Head, J. J., 2010: Predation upon
hatchling dinosaurs by a new snake from the Late Cretaceous of India.
–PLoS Biology: Vol. 8, #3, pp. e1000322 (1-10) [doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000322]

Wolfe, C. J., Solomon, S. C., Laske, G., Collins, J. A., Detrick, R. S., Orcutt, J. A.,
Bercovici, D. & Hauri, E. H., 2009: Mantle shear-wave velocity structure beneath the Hawaiian
hot spot.
–Science: Vol. 326, pp. 1388-1390 [doi: 10.1126/science.1180165]

Vullo, R., Gheerbrant, E., de Muizon, C. & Néraudeau, D., 2009: The oldest modern
therian mammal from Europe and its bearing on stem marsupial paleobiogeography.
–Proceedings of the National Academy of Science: Vol. 106, #47, pp. 19910-19915 [doi:

Xu, X., Clark, J. M., Mo, J., Choiniere, J., Forster, C. A., Erickson, G. M., Hone, D. W. E.,
Sullivan, C., Eberth, D. A., Nesbitt, S. J., Zhao, Q., Hernandez, R., Jia, C., Han, F.-l. & Guo, Y.,
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–Nature: Vol. 459, pp. 940-944 [doi: 10.1038/nature08124]

Xu, X., KeBai, W., Zhao, X. & Li, D., 2010: First ceratopsid dinosaur from China and its
biogeographical implications.
–Chinese Science Bulletin: Vol. 55, #16, pp. 1631-1165 [doi: 10.1007/s11434-009-3614-5]

Xu, X., Zheng, X. & You, H.-l., 2010: Exceptional dinosaur fossils show ontogenetic
development of early feathers.
–Nature: Vol. 464, pp. 1338-1341 [doi: 10.1038/nature08965]

Yates, A. M., 2010: A revision of the problematic sauropodomorph dinosaurs from
Manchester, Connecticut and the status of Anchisaurus Marsh.
–Palaeontology: Vol. 53, #4, pp. 739-752 [doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.00952.x]

Yue, Y., Zhao, Y. & Ren, D., 2009: Three new Mesozoic Staphylinids (Coleoptera) from
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Zhang, F., Kearns, S. L., Orr, P. J., Benton, M. J., Zhou, Z., Johnson, D., Xu, X. & Wang,
X.-l., 2010: Fossilized melanosomes and the color of Cretaceous dinosaurs and birds.
–Nature: in Press, pp. 1-4 [doi: 10.1038/nature08740]

Zheng, X., Xu, X., You, H.-l., Zhao, Q. & Dong, Z.-m., 2009: A short-armed
dromaeosaurid from the Jehol Group of China with implications for early dromaeosaurid
–Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological series: Vol. pp. 1-7 [doi:
Zhou, C.-F., 2009: New material of Elanodactylus prolatus Andres & Ji, 2008
(Pterosauria: Pterodactyloidea) from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of western
Laioning, China.
–Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abh.: in Press, pp. 1-10 [doi: 10.1127/0077-
Zhou, Z., Zhang, F. & Li, Z., 2009: A new Lower Cretaceous bird from China and tooth
reduction in early avian evolution.
–Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological series: in Press, pp. 1-9 [doi:

Ösi, A., Butler, R. J. & Weishampel, D. B., 2010: A Late Cretaceous ceratopsian dinosaur
from Europe with Asian affinities.
–Nature: Vol. 465, pp. 466-468 [doi: 10.1038/nature09019]

Kurtén Club 28.9.

Dear all,

tomorrow, Mikko Haaramo will give a
News flash (Top 5 articles since last time).

Mikko will also supply us with his “recommended reading” list (available later from our blog, https://blogs.helsinki.fi/bk-club/ ).

Time & Loc.:
16.00, 28.9.2010, C108 Physicum