This work package recognizes how fringe populism and mainstream populism are intertwined in the political context and have different, unforeseen influences on democracy regarding both voter turnout, political choice and the articulation of demands. It investigates cases in which populism is an emergent phenomenon (Germany), institutionalized (Turkey, Argentina), long established (Austria, Hungary, Finland), or something in-between (US). It relies on existing political science data on parties and voter behavior, and generates new data from news sources and interviews.
Main researcher: Emilia Palonen. Contributions: Halil Gürhanli, Virpi Salojärvi.