Our action will not only stay on Vallisaari. The Vallisaari group has decided to join force with actor and performer Laura Marleena Halonen et al. in their performative pilot project Ilmastokirkko(‘The Climate Church’).The project takes the church’s ritual of continuous Sunday gatherings and invites artists, researchers and people with different background to personally contribute to tackling climate change challenge.
The connection between science, art and climate activism continues and starts again in the center of Helsinki during the considerable Disturbance About Climate Change event n June 10th, 2018.
By taking over the public space the event try to engage the citizens to create political social choreographies dealing with the subject of climate change and try to answer these questions:
How to interfere the street view that truncates the people as consumers? What would be enough considerable disruption for climate change? What are the means of cultural disturbance to deal with climate change? How can cultural disturbance be genuinely influential, modern-day activity? How to find the courage to break the social norms of public space?
On the second day of the camp we chose our sit spots. We returned to these spots daily at approximately the same time to observe the surroundings and to be in the moment, connected to the beings and things around. We saw the places change with weather and time and formed contact with the native flora and fauna.
“The sea is different every day (color, texture etc)”
“I have met a snake on my sit spot two times now. I hope we’ll get used to each other.”
“I’ve seen a hopping spider first time in my life at my sit spot. It made me laugh.”
“Seagull doesn’t need its wings at all while gliding past my sit spot.”
“My sit spot was occupied by a burdock plant 21st. The burs tried to hock on my clothes and spread the seeds.”
“The dry grass forms geometric shapes, like little gates on the ground. I wonder what they are for.”
The last time we returned to our spots was a little bittersweet. We said goodbye to all the beings we had started to get to know. We were primed to acknowledge that this would be the last time we would ever be with these beings before their death or our own. Some of them would be dead next year and some might remain long after we are gone. (Unless there will be a big construction on the island during my lifetime, in which case I might outlive them all! I felt a little victorious at this thought and then a little pissed at myself for making something this profound and beautiful a stupid competition in my head.)
However, I felt the strongest connection to my surroundings during the last sit spot. I thought of all the plants being born from the ground, and all the animals born from the ground in a more poetic sense. This led me to think that in a sense all of us humans are born from the ground as well. It’s a little hard to notice, since most of us in the “civilized world” are born and will die in hospitals, and the parts between most of us spend indoors seemingly disconnected from the natural world.
For me the sit spot epitomized a central part of the course. A feeling of connection necessary to care about the world and its beings, the lack of which leads to the kind of neglect we see and partake in so often. I think this feeling of connection must be there and must be strong enough for everyone to act on if we want to see positive change in this world.
The camp is now over. At least to me, returning to the everyday urban life from our green island has been somewhat of a culture shock. I miss my hammock bed, evening saunas, morning sit spot, feeling motivated to wake up, and the island of bats, badgers, raccoon dogs, snakes, birds, mosses, lichens, flowering trees, and only one car. (Maybe not the mosquitoes, though.)
The last couple of days were busy preparing the final performance on Saturday. It was interesting to observe how the ideas were flying and taking shape within the group. On Friday, the shape of the performance was still very much open, but teamwork of 20 people can work wonders. Texts were written, materials and props were ordered from the mainland by last-minute phone calls, and the big cardboard letters were being painted until midnight.
Below, you can see a few glimpses of what surfaced from our collective imagination within this short time frame.
The final day of the course is tomorrow and anyone is welcome to see what we have come up with during the past few days. Free guided tour of the island starts at 14 from the ferry port in Vallisaari. This is an invitation to connect to nature and rethink our place in the world. See the poster (pdf).
Ever been chairing a group discussion with the intent of making everyone’s opinion heard but fearing that reaching a compromise will take ages and still you can’t be sure the quieter ones have had a chance to express their views?
Interrupting people is often socially cumbersome, especially in multicultural groups where the finesses of social norms vary strongly between individuals, but interruptions are needed for effective meeting culture – important pieces of information should be presented at a relevant point of the discussion. How can any chairperson (or facilitator) know in which cases they should allow interruptions?
I have often dreamt of a colour changing light installed to my forehead, such that I could switch it on to indicate various things without raising my voice to interrupt the speaker, for example ‘I don’t understand’, ‘There is a fact that you need to know now, because that will change the direction of the discussion’, ‘I need to go to the toilet’ , ‘I can’t hear what you are saying’.
Apparently there is no need to install such a light, as we can use our hands to signal these things, and many activist movements have developed their own sets of hand signals (see for example https://www.seedsforchange.org.uk/handsig.pdf) to make meetings smoother. Signs for ‘Sounds good’ and ‘I’m not too keen on that’ help the speaker to gauge how far from collective agreement the group is without having to call a vote.
Even if this sounds artificial for use in workplace meetings, I would give it a go even one single time: teaching a sign system to a group is a way of making the rules of group discussion and decision making clearer – even if the signals are not adopted as a permanent feature. It is for example worth realizing that ‘the rest of you can do that, but I won’t join you in this activity’ is a different statement than ‘I don’t want this group to get involved in this activity, I will have to leave the group if you do that’. Turns out that my 10 year old daughter had learned several of the signals at school, most notably the ‘let’s get back to our topic and stop all speaking chaotically’ signal.
The introduction of signals in Vallisaari made me start to analyse the diversity of types of interruptions and failure modes of group discussions. The ‘too much macho-alpha-crap’ signal will come handy, too!
About the writer: Hanna Vehkamäki is a professor in computational aerosol physics at the University of Helsinki and a visiting lecturer at the Think Like a Forest camp.
The camp has been up and running for four full days already, and its inhabitans have been way too busy to blog. The days have been packed with various activities such as games, learning about group dynamics and collective decision-making, sorting out practical matters, getting to know each other and the island, learning about the role of forests in the Finnish economy and culture, miming the principles of permaculture, studying tree rings, sharing feelings and emotions surrounding the climate crisis, swimming in the chilly sea, and crowded evening saunas, among others.
One of my personal favourites in the program was the lecture on quantum mechanics on the second evening by Hanna Vehkamäki, professor in computational aerosol physics at the University of Helsinki.
Quantum mechanics has revealed that instead of the deterministic laws of classical physics, our world operates in a very quirky manner. In the very small scale, the only information available to us is in the form of probabilities.
If we send electrons towards a wall with two narrow holes (the so-called double-slit window experiment), it is impossible to predict the route of a single particle or its final position on the screen behind the window. According to Hanna Vehkamäki, it is wrong thinking to even talk about the route or location of a single particle. The electrons arrive on the screen randomly, it is only with a sufficient number of particles when we begin to see the underlying, unexpected probabilistic pattern. But when do we see a pattern forming from the random observations?
Likewise, we can think, the state of the world consists of an indefinite number of local events. Only by looking at things with sufficient distance (both in space and time) it is possible to see patterns and narratives forming out of this chaotic web of happenings.
Climate activists and theoretical physicists both need to live with the unsatisfaction – and fascination – of not understanding, not being able to predict, not knowing the outcome in our world which is incredibly complex and deeply rooted in uncertainty.
Our pre-exercise for the camp was to choose the best action around any issue. Here we were divided into groups and we told the chosen actions as stories to the other group members. Then every group picked one action and performed it to the other groups. The extra challenge was to present the action without saying any words. We were allowed to use any material that was available on the island.
We made performances of five different actions, which handled social and ecological issues in our society.
Sompasauna is a sauna located in Kalasatama, Helsinki. It was built on a wasteland of a former harbor by a couple of men who had found an abandoned stove. It is made mostly of construction waste and was the first public mixed sauna in Helsinki.
#MeeToo is an international movement against sexual harassment and assault. The hashtag started to spread virally in 2017 and it’s meant to reveal the extent of the problem as well as stand in solidarity to those who have been hurt. The movement has aroused public discussion around the topic in global scale.
Tilted arc by Richard Serra was a public art installation displayed in Manhattan from 1981 to 1989. The sculpture consisted of unfinished rust-covered COR-TEN steel plate placed in the Federal Plaza. According to Serra, the purpose was to make the viewer become aware of himself and of his movement through the plaza. It was finally removed because it gained so much critic, since people working in the area found it ugly and disruptive to daily routines.
After performances we made conclusions by collectively creating a mind map around the actions through discussion.
About the writer: Marianne Santala is a student in meteorology and works as a research assistant at the Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR).
Over the upcoming week, this blog will follow the activities of a bunch of people on a small uninhabited island, coming together to work on a pressing issue: tackling the climate crisis.
Each individual will bring to the island their personal skills and perspectives of our common world. We are a group of 20 artists, activists, researchers, and university students representing various disciplines: forestry, dance, meteorology, acting, dramaturgy, geophysics, light and sound design, and aerosol physics.
The work on the island will start from the very basics, covering the fundamental needs of food and shelter in our tent camp. There will be visiting lecturers and teachers, discussions, bat observing, and preparing the grand finale of the course, the Performance Action. What will be the outcome we do not yet know, but you can come and find out on May 26th, when the camp will be opened for visitors.
The camp will be located in Vallisaari, Helsinki, Finland, a former military island just a stone’s throw from the Suomenlinna UNESCO World Heritage Site. For a long time, Vallisaari (“Embankment Island”) provided fresh drinking water for sailors, supplies such as grazing land and firewood for the neighbouring Suomenlinna sea fortress, and acted as a base for pilots. Later on, under the Russian rule of the 19th century, fortifications were extended to Vallisaari itself.
In the 20th century, Vallisaari continued to serve the military as a storage area of weapons and ammunition. The human life on the island flourished around the mid-century, when it was home to some 300 people, a small rural community having its own school, shop, and cultural life, in addition to gardens and animals.
After the human settlement slowly disappeared, nature has been taking over the fortifications and other human traces on the island. The Finnish Defence Forces gave up the island in 2008 and it was opened to the public in 2016. Vallisaari boasts rich nature, having the highest diversity of species in all of Helsinki archipelago. This diversity is partly a consequence of human presence on the island, the meadows and other cultural landscapes as well as fortifications and caves providing many different habitats for life to thrive.
For 9 days, our group will be part of the web of life on the island, studying our place and role in the world where the human species keeps violating the planetary boundaries and ecosystems are crumbling as a result.
Welcome to follow our adventure!
About the writer: Havu Pellikka is a sea level researcher at the Finnish Meteorological Institute and a PhD student of physical oceanography at the University of Helsinki.