Right to make temporary copies of works

Mere transfer of data in network is not intended to be restricted. According to Article 11 a, what is said in Article 2 of making copies of works, does not concern such temporary copy making

  1. which is temporary and incidental,
  2. which is inseparable and essential part of technical process,
  3. whose sole purpose is to make it possible for the intermediary to transfer work in the network between third parties or to use the work lawfully and
  4. which has no autonomous economical significance.

This is not applied to computer programmes or databases, though.