Waorani: la defensa del territorio triunfa

Redacción y foto: Katy Machoa, Nacionalidad Kichwa Amazónica, Ex–Dirigente de la Mujer CONAIE

“Su mapa no sirve… No reconocemos que el gobierno llame bloque 22. Nuestro territorio ancestral, no es un bloque petrolero, es nuestra vida,  estas son nuestras palabras, nuestras lanzas cruzadas”
Oswaldo Nenquimo (25 de abril 2019)

Waorani people dancingLa primera reacción de los y las “pekenani” (anciano/a sabio/a) representantes de 16 comunidades Waorani de Pastaza, organizadas en CONCONAWEP, tras escuchar la sentencia de la jueza Pilar Araujo de la Corte Provincial de Pastaza en la que se aceptaba la acción de protección y se reconocía la vulneración al derecho constitucional de la consulta previa, libre e informada fue bailar y cantar. La sala de audiencia quedo inundada por la energía de las voces waorani y por la danza que dibujaba la dignidad enaltecida, tan pequeño quedo el espacio que en poco tiempo se esparció a las afueras y con seguridad esa energía se conectó con su territorio, así como se conectó con los corazones que defendemos la vida amazónica.

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Taller sobre interculturalidad y educación

– Colaboración entre FLACSO y UEA

Redacción y Fotos: Mayra Espinosa

Figura 1. Docentes participantes en el proceso de inducción al taller.

El día viernes 8 de marzo de 2019 se llevó a cabo el curso taller de “Interculturalidad y Educación” en la Universidad Estatal Amazónica. Participaron un total de 28 personas: 20 docentes de la UEA de los Departamentos de Ciencias de la Vida y Ciencias de la Tierra, Cuatro estudiantes de las nacionalidades indígenas que se interesaron por participar del taller y 4 personas del Laboratorio de Interculturalidad de FLACSO.

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Thinking about development and good living

Text and photograph by Tuija Veintie

Picture of Paola Minoia with Mikko Ylikangas.
Paola Minoia presenting at Development Days 2019. On the left: Mikko Ylikangas, Academy of Finland.

At the end of March our Helsinki based research group members participated in Development Days 2019, the annual conference organized by the Finnish Society for Development Research. This year the conference theme “Repositioning global development: changing actors, geographies and ontologies” invited the conference participants to critically examine and redefine the meanings of development, and discuss alternatives to the dominant discourses on development.

In his keynote lecture Ashish Kothari presented examples of alternatives from around the world, including self-governance initiatives, economic transformations and different educational initiatives that are rooted in local cultures and ecologies. He urged the audience to examine the structural roots of sustainability and inequity, and vision alternative futures from the grassroots up.

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Actividades por el Día Internacional de la Lengua Materna

Texto y foto: Andrés Tapia

En la Amazonía ecuatoriana, como a nivel mundial, el 21 de febrero se conmemora el Día Internacional de la Lengua Materna. En Ecuador, con 14 lenguas ancestrales de las diferentes nacionalidades existentes en su territorio, esta fecha no ha pasado desapercibida. En este año 2019 declarado como el Año Internacional de las Lenguas Indígenas por parte de La Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU), las nacionalidades de la Amazonía realizaron dos eventos en el marco de esta fecha de reivindicación de la lengua y los idiomas ancestrales.

Danza Shuar
Danza Shuaren la Parroquia Sevilla Don Bosco

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Discussing intercultural education and the Amawtay Wasi project in Quito with indigenous and State representatives, January 2019

Text by Paola Minoia, photograph by Andrés Tapia

Together with the compañeras Ruth, Mayra and compañero Sachachristo (Andrés), we met in Quito, in January 2019, institutional representatives institutions dealing with the new reform on intercultural bilingual education, and the reopening of the intercultural university Amawtay Wasi.

Paola Minoia and Jaime Vargas, president of CONAIE

The president of CONAIE (Confederacion de Nacionalidades Indigenas del Ecuador), Jaime Vargas, told us about his own experiences with indigenous education, as a professor for seven years in his community; and the dreams of a relaunched intercultural bilingual education accessible, flexible and welcoming to all. His talk underlined the contrast between the need of deeper philosophical and pedagogical discussions on education and the pluriverse, and the realities made of heavy negotiations and bureaucratic lengthy procedures that are involved in the relaunch of the intercultural university Amawtay Wasi. Continue reading “Discussing intercultural education and the Amawtay Wasi project in Quito with indigenous and State representatives, January 2019”

Why is Intercultural Bilingual Education important in Ecuador? A short presentation of our Academy-funded project.

Text by Paola Minoia

This is a note from the presentation at the Develop! kick-off seminar organized by the Academy of Finland in Paasitorni Congress Centre, Helsinki 26.11.2018

Our project addresses the problematic relation between formal education and indigenous rights. Education is a fundamental field for cognitive recognition and rights, and this is why indigenous organizations have positioned the goal of intercultural education high in their agenda. Ecuador is a plurinational state, as stated by the 2008 Constitution, which means that all nationalities and ethnic groups have the right to equal representation in the country. Therefore, the main goal of our Academy-funded project is to support the recognition of Amazonian indigenous ecological and cultural knowledges as part of quality education. Continue reading “Why is Intercultural Bilingual Education important in Ecuador? A short presentation of our Academy-funded project.”

Into the Forest

Text and photos by Riikka Kaukonen

We had already been conducting fieldwork for a bit over one month in the city of Puyo and the communities surrounding it, as we stood in front of a small monoplane on the late morning of 22nd of October. The past months we had concentrated on the experiences of indigenous students of different levels of higher education:

What were the main obstacles they had faced during their education history?

How they saw the relationship between occidental epistemology present in the educative system, and the cosmovision and worldviews of their respective backgrounds?

How could the intercultural and bilingual education programs strengthen the identity and self image of the indigenous nationalities of Pastaza, while engaging with the rich multiplicity and differences that exists between and inside these groups?

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En la selva

Texto y fotos: Riikka Kaukonen

Llevábamos más de un mes realizando el trabajo de campo en la ciudad de Puyo y en las comunidades que lo rodeaban, y de repente estábamos parados frente a un pequeño monoplano  en la mañana del 22 de octubre. Los últimos meses nos habíamos concentrado en las experiencias de estudiantes indígenas de diferentes niveles de educación superior:

¿Cuáles fueron los principales obstáculos que habían enfrentado durante su historia de educación?

¿Cómo vieron la relación entre la epistemología occidental presente en el sistema educativo y la cosmovisión y las cosmovisiones de sus respectivos pueblos y culturas?

¿Cómo podrían los programas de educación intercultural y bilingüe fortalecer la identidad y la autoimagen de las nacionalidades indígenas de Pastaza, al mismo tiempo que se involucran con la gran multiplicidad y diferencias que existen entre estos grupos y dentro de ellos?

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Riikka Kaukonen, doing a master’s thesis within the project

(En español abajo)

My name is Riikka Kaukonen. I am 25 years old master’s degree student of development studies in the University of Helsinki. Born in Lapland, I have been interested in the issues of environment, indigenous knowledges and the fight against extractivist industries since my childhood. In this project I am conducting a study on the significance of place and territory in the context of decolonial education. My fieldwork included a three week journey through the Sapara territory and 2 month long period in the vicinity of Puyo, Pastaza, during which I visited multiple bilingual and intercultural schools. I am writing my master’s degree based on this fieldwork.

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Greetings from the autumn conferences in the North: key messages on diversifying and decolonizing academic research

Text by Johanna Hohenthal

This autumn the project members participated in several conferences and seminars in the Nordic countries that all somehow addressed the themes of decoloniality, interculturality and diversity in academic research. First, on 15-18 August, the 4th Annual Conference of the World-Ecology Research Network (WERN) was held in Helsinki, Finland. The WERN has an important decolonial commitment focusing on the “critique of Nature/Society dualism as a cosmology and world-historical practice of domination”. In this year’s conference, the keynotes, panels and working groups discussed on topical issues related to expropriation, capitalocene, extractivism, and power relations in academic research. The second event was a two-day seminar “Doing diversity/interculturality/decoloniality in development research” organized by the Finnish development research doctoral network (UniPID DocNet) in Tvärminne, Finland, 27-28 September. The presentations and discussions in the seminar largely centered around the questions on how to decolonize and diversify thinking and practices in the academic teaching and research work. In the following week, 5-6 October, the reflection on these themes continued in the first workshop of the research network Decolonial critique, knowledge production and social change in the Nordic countries (DENOR) in Gothenburg, Sweden. As stated by the leader of the network, Adrián Groglopo, in his welcoming words, the decolonial initiative is especially important in the Nordic context, because the Nordic “race” has for long enjoyed its privileged position on the expense of other nations and even been put on the pedestal as a model that the others should follow. Finally, the 10th conference of the Nordic Latin American Research Network (NOLAN) was organized in Oslo, Norway, 25-26 October. The conference addressed important issues related to human and environmental rights and the state of democracy that have implications especially for the lives of indigenous and other minority groups in Latin America. The conference also had a number of interesting working group sessions on indigenous identity, environmental governance and education.

In this writing, I will briefly return to the key messages from the above meetings that are significant also for our project. See also the related forthcoming text written by Paola Minoia in Convivial Thinking. Continue reading “Greetings from the autumn conferences in the North: key messages on diversifying and decolonizing academic research”