Seminar on the History of Domestic Violence, 1 October 2021!

The 5th Seminar in History of Domestic Violence and Abuse series, organized by Juliana Dresvina & Anu Lahtinen, University of Oxford & University of Helsinki.

October 1, 2021 at 10.00 LONDON TIME [Suomen aikaa klo 12!]

Elena Chepel, ‘How to complain about violence if you are a woman: language and gender in Ptolemaic papyrus petitions

Despina Iosif, ‘Populus Exasperatus: The violent Graeco-Roman crowd

Annette Volfing, ‘Beating the bride into Shape: Domestic violence within bridal mysticism

Juliana Dresvina ‘The Uncomfortable Liber Confortatorius: Grooming in a monastery?’

Since January 2021, Lahtinen & Dresvina have been organizing online seminars on the long history of domestic violence and abuse. For more information about the following events, please follow the updates via https://tinyurl.com/histviolence

Register in advance for this meeting: https://helsinki.zoom.us/meeting/register/u5Mlc-CqqjMqGdPNvsw1b_wOS84lyG6YlkgI

 

Webinar series: Reflecting on German (Post)Colonial Connections

On September 2021, Dr. Minu Haschemi Yekani (Freie Universität Berlin), Dr. Dörte Lerp (Freie Universität Berlin) and Dr. Janne Lahti (University of Helsinki) are organizing a webinar series called Reflecting on German (Post)Colonial Connections. The webinar series consists of four events that build up the discussion on German colonial legacies.

 

The aim of this webinar series is to set out to bridge divides between the past and present, between different national histories, between academic specializations, and between academic and non-academic sectors. In short, the organizers intend to span temporal, national, epochal, and sectional divides. They take up recent debates on German colonial histories and legacies, and advance discussions on them in a transnational, multidisciplinary, and intersectional framing.

The webinar series consists of four events with separate registrations and links for Zoom. Download the webinar poster HERE.

WEBINAR 1, 9th September

The first webinar is called ”Among Empires: German Entanglements in the Colonial and Postcolonial Worlds”. We hear Tiffany Florvil (Albuquerque), Diana Natermann (Leiden) and Andi Zimmerman (Washington D.C.) as presenters in the first webinar. Minu Haschemi Yekani (Berlin), Dörte Lerp (Berlin) and Janne Lahti (Helsinki) will moderate the discussion.

REGISTRATE HERE (Webinar 1): https://helsinki.zoom.us/meeting/register/u5MrcO6tqzIrHtxaO8eM4OTHJ2xg_J_Y2S-H

 

WEBINAR 2, 14th September

The second webinar is called ”Beyond Collections: Decolonizing Museums”. We hear Bonita Bennett (Cape Town), Alina Gromova (Berlin) and Kristin Weber-sinn (Berlin) as presenters in the second webinar. Bebero Lehmann (Cologne) and Dörte Lerp (Berlin) will moderate the discussion.

REGISTRATE HERE (Webinar 2): https://helsinki.zoom.us/meeting/register/u5Usc-6rqT0iGNTI9kHgbY0EiwMYQ-QyaDix

 

WEBINAR 3, CANCELLED!

The third webinar is called ”Colonial Heritage as Political, Private and Public Memories”. We hear Idesbald Goddeeris (Leuven), Britta Schilling (Utrecht) and Greer Valley (Cape Town) as presenters in the third webinar. Janne Lahti (Helsinki) will moderate the discussion.

 

WEBINAR 4, 30th September

The final and fourth webinar is called ”The (Post)Colonial Dimension of German Migration History”. We hear Maria Alexopoulou (Berlin), Fatima El-Tayeb (San Diego) and Noa K. Ha (Berlin) as presenters in the fourth webinar. Minu Haschemi Yekani (Berlin) will moderate the discussion.

REGISTRATE HERE (Webinar 4): https://helsinki.zoom.us/meeting/register/u5UsfuGvqT4sH9RxM2FthO24knCpBje6dQS5

 

TIME AND REGISTRATION

Time of all the webinars: 6PM-8PM Berlin time (CEST), 7PM-9PM Helsinki time (GMT+3)

Registrations will be approved manually, on Monday 30th August at the earliest.

The series is free, but a registration is required. Also, you can attend one event or the whole series. Welcome!

History of Domestic Violence and Abuse seminar series, 14 June 2021

Welcome to the History of Domestic Violence and Abuse Seminar on Zoom, 14 June 2021, organized by Juliana Dresvina & Anu Lahtinen, University of Oxford & University of Helsinki.

Since January 2021, Lahtinen & Dresvina have been organizing online seminars on the long history of domestic violence and abuse. For more information about the following events, please follow the updates via https://tinyurl.com/histviolence

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History of Domestic Violence and Abuse Seminar on Zoom, 14 June 2021, 10am (BST / London) (11am CET, 12 EET / Helsinki)

Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones, “Violence Against Women in Ancient Greece”

Maria Dell’Isola, “Violence Against Women in the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles”

Olivia Milburn, “Violent Women in Early Imperial China: The State of the Law”

Pehr Granqvist, Mårten Hammarlund and Tommie Forslund, “Experiences of Abuse, Trauma, and Maltreatment Among Mothers with Mild Intellectual Disabilities”

Register in advance for this meeting: https://tinyurl.com/yx55zf9t

Anu Lahtinen: Monenlaiset perhesuhteet ja niiden tutkimus

Perheestä puhutaan päivittäin niin arjessa, politiikassa kuin tutkimuksissakin. Näkökulmasta riippuen perhe on yhteiskunnan tukipilari tai menneen maailman jäänne, turvasatama tai kriisipesäke. Uusperheet, sateenkaariperheet, adoptiot ja huoltajuuskiistat nähdään nykymaailman ilmiöinä. Mutta tarkempi tutkimus tuo varsin samankaltaisia piirteitä esiin myös menneisyydestä – ja kuitenkaan ei voi väittää, että kaikki olisi pysynyt ennallaan vuosisadasta toiseen. Millaisia olivat entisaikojen perhesuhteet? Tästä kertoo uusi teos Perheen jäljillä. Perhesuhteiden moninaisuus Pohjolassa 1400-2020 (Vastapaino 2021, https://vastapaino.fi/sivu/tuote/perheen-jaljilla/2790986).

Kansikuvassa 1700-luvun perheen muotokuvaan on tuotu sekä elossaolevat lapset että lapsivainajat.

Kirja perustuu Emil Aaltosen säätiön rahoittamaan hankkeeseen tutki perheitä, perhesuhteita, perheensisäisiä tunnesiteitä ja vallankäyttöä sukupuolihistorian näkökulmasta. Tutkimuksessa otettiin huomioon sekä perhe yksikkönä että se, millaisia oikeuksia, velvoitteita ja mahdollisuuksia sen jäsenillä oli kulloisessakin roolissaan. Äidin ja pojan väliseen suhteeseen liittyi toisenlaisia vallan ja vastuun piirteitä kuin isän ja tyttären suhteeseen, on tärkeää analysoida sitä, mitä sukupuoli merkitsi perheenjäsenten asemalle ja toimintamahdollisuuksille.

Kun tein hankehakemusta vuosia sitten, olin juuri osallistunut rahoituksenhakukoulutukseen, jossa kehotettiin korostamaan hankkeen johtajan ylivoimaisia ansioita ja loistoa tutkimusprojektin majakkavalona. Tämä tuntui mielestäni tavattoman keinotekoiselta: koolla oli lahjakkaiden, asiansa tuntevien tutkijoiden ryhmä, ja taisin korostaa hakemuksessa, että hankkeen on tarkoitus tarjota eri tutkijanuran vaiheissa mahdollisuuksia kaikille osoittaa osaamisensa.

Tavoitteena oli myös koota monipuolisesti nuoria ja nuorenpuoleisia tutkijoita yliopisto- ja oppiainerajoihin katsomatta; hankkeen aikana moni tutkija vaihtoi vielä yliopistoa ja oppiainetta, joten lopulta Perheen jäljillä -hanke, jonka kotipaikkana oli Turun yliopisto, on tavoittanut niin Turun, Tampereen, Helsingin, Åbo Akademin kuin vähän Jyväskylän ja Oulun yliopistonkin piirissä. Nyt ilmestyneeseen teokseen ovat kirjoittaneet Ilana Aalto, Julia Dahlberg, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Reetta Eiranen, Johanna Ilmakunnas, Jarkko Keskinen, Mia Korpiola, Anu Lahtinen, Tiina Miettinen, Maija Ojala-Fulwood, Taina Saarenpää, Antti O. Tanskanen ja Mari Välimäki.

Hankkeen aikana ilmestyikin lukuisia teemanumeroita ja teoksia aiheeseen liittyen: Kasvatus & Aika 10:1 (2016) ilmestyi teemanumero Perhehistoria, jonka toimittivat Ilana Aalto, Johanna Ilmakunnas & Mia Korpiola (ks. https://journal.fi/kasvatusjaaika/issue/view/4798). Erinäisten seminaarien ja julkaisujen lisäksi Perheen jäljillä -hanke rahoitti osaltaan seuraavia väitöskirjoja:

  • Maija Ojala, Protection, Continuity and Gender. Craft Trade Culture in the Baltic Sea Region (14th–16th Centuries) (TaY 2014)
  • Henna Karppinen-Kummunmäki, Elite English Girlhood in the Eighteenth Century (TY 2020)
  • Henna Kietäväinen-Sirén, Erityinen ystävyys. Miehen ja naisen välinen rakkaus uuden ajan alun Suomessa (n. 1650–1700) (JY 2015)
  • Veli Pekka Toropainen, Päättäväiset porvarskat. Turun johtavan porvariston naisten toimijuus vuosina 1623–1670 (TY, 2016)
  • Charlotte Cederbom, The Legal Guardian and Married Women. Norms and Practice in the Swedish Realm 1350–1450 (HY, 2017)
  • Julia Dahlberg, Konstnär, kvinna, medborgare. Helena Westermarck och den finskabildningskulturen i det moderna genombrottets tid 1880–1910 (HY, 2018)
  • Mari Välimäki, Esiaviolliset suhteet, oikeuskäytännöt ja toimijuus Ruotsin yliopistokaupungeissa 1600-luvulla (TY, 2021)

Hankkeessa ja ilmestyneessä teoksessa korostuvat tunteet ja perhesuhteet, myös ristiriidat, mutta artikkelien painopiste on perheenjäsenten keskinäisessä tuessa. Etätyövuoden aikana perheteemat ovat kuitenkin jatkuneet synkemmissäkin teemoissa. Helsingin yliopisto ja Oxfordin yliopisto ovat järjestäneet yhdessä useita etä-zoomseminaareja perheväkivallan ja lähisuhdeväkivallan historiasta (Anu Lahtinen, Helsingin yliopisto & Juliana Dresvina, Oxfordin yliopisto, ks. 14.1.2021 ohjelma8.2.2021 ohjelma sekä 13.5.2021 ohjelma). Ensi lukuvuodelle on suunnitteilla verkkokonferenssi aiheesta.

Kirjoittaja https://researchportal.helsinki.fi/fi/persons/anu-lahtinen on Suomen ja Pohjoismaiden historian apulaisprofessori, joka johti tutkimushanketta ”Perheen jäljillä”. Hankkeen blogisivu on osoitteessa http://perheenjaljilla.blogspot.com/ Kustantajan sivu on osoitteessa https://vastapaino.fi/sivu/tuote/perheen-jaljilla/2790986.

History of Domestic Violence and Abuse seminar series, 13 May 2021

Welcome to the History of Domestic Violence and Abuse Seminar on Zoom, 13 May 2021, organized by Juliana Dresvina & Anu Lahtinen, University of Oxford & University of Helsinki. We study and discuss the long history of domestic violence and abuse.
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History of Domestic Violence and Abuse Seminar on Zoom, 13 May 2021, 10am (BST / London) (11am CET, 12 EET / Helsinki)
Jane Gilbert ‘Sexual Violence and Sex Workers: Lorelei Lee’s ”Cash/Consent” and Villon’s Belle Hëaulmière’
Trevor Dean ‘Domestic abuse from the perspective of husband-murder in late medieval Italy’
Emma Whipday ‘Tom Tyler and His Wife: Domestic Violence and Comedy in Early Modern Wife-Taming Narratives’
Lewis Webb ‘Regulation of violence against citizen women in Republican Rome’
Julia Bolton Holloway ‘Widows and Orphans’

Laura Tarkka & Melike Çakan: Introducing the History Source Guide

During the spring term 2021, the History BA programme at the University of Helsinki has taken some new steps on the digital front. One outcome is a website entitled “History Source Guide” (https://blogs.helsinki.fi/historysources/), available since the beginning of April. The key objective guiding the design of this new resource was to make it (1) updatable and (2) accessible from inside as well as outside of the university. But how did this come about? And, more importantly, what happens next?

The guide page can be found at https://blogs.helsinki.fi/historysources/

Ulkomaiset digitaaliset lähteet / Digital Sources in History

The website was constructed by participants of the project course “Ulkomaiset digitaaliset lähteet/Digital Sources in History”, which connected source criticism with transferable skills. In essence, this meant learning about recent developments in Digital Humanities and getting to know the WordPress blog environment.

In January 2021, two teachers and seven BA students came together to help future students find useful source material online. When discussing the background of each participant, the group identified having to “reinvent the wheel” as a widely shared experience when starting the BA/MA thesis. Everyone wished they had been told exactly where to look for online sources, but the great variety of research interests even among just the nine participants was also immediately acknowledged.

In February, the group learned more about “digital sources” via lectures and literature provided by a guest teacher from the field of digital humanities. One student also contributed an interview on this theme. By March, the team was ready to start developing the website. This was done by first comparing some existing source guides and then trying out the WordPress tools available at the University of Helsinki. During the final stage, each student contributed four posts to the website, in addition to improving its appearance and functionality.

Encyclopaedic practice meets the local perspective

The resulting History Source Guide aspires to familiarise Helsinki-based students with material sourced from abroad and uses the lingua franca of English to connect people with new sources. On the home page, blog posts introducing digital collections summarise information provided by the websites of memory institutions and other data providers. Since the History Source Guide’s home page is not static but cumulative, the group came up with the solution of categorising the posts by historical periods and tagging them with keywords. These can be found on the left-hand side.

In addition, however, the History Source Guide also includes some static pages. The first one contains links to Helka, the University of Helsinki Library’s own database. Via this page, students (with a user account) can easily access the resources provided by the University Library. Another static page contains links to further source guides, each one of which has a different focus and their own way of structuring information. A third page serves as a gateway to material sourced from Finland. This may be useful to readers who are based abroad but require sources relating to the history of Finland.

To prevent the project from coming to a standstill, the designers also came up with the idea of a “suggestions box”. This box is open for anyone who wishes to suggest a new digital collection to be added to the Guide. In the future, contributing to the website may also be used as a way of supplementing course work. Students could do this, for example, by introducing sources they have used themselves, or by interviewing more experienced researchers.

To conclude, the History Source Guide team would like to thank everyone already involved. Recognising what expertise we already have, bringing it to bear and actively seeking advice from others are basic things, but that is why they also work in the digital world.

Laura Tarkka has a background in eighteenth-century intellectual and cultural history. In 2021, she has been coordinating the ”Digital Leap” project of the History BA programme of the University of Helsinki. Melike Çakan is a doctoral student in history at the University of Helsinki. She is working on a doctoral dissertation concerning Francis Bacon and ‘scientia civilis’ in Early Modern England.

Domestic Violence Workshop

Welcome to follow the second seminar on the history of domestic violence, coordinated by Anu Lahtinen, University of Helsinki, & Juliana Dresvina, University of Oxford.

History of Domestic Violence on Zoom Seminar
Feb 22, 2021 02:00pm GMT [04:00 pm EET]

Melek Karatas “Representations of Gendered Violence in Manuscript Illustrations of the Roman de la Rose”
Sara Butler “Who owns a wife’s body? Excusing Domestic Violence in Later Medieval England”
Chanelle Delameillieure “Family affairs: Age, authority and intergenerational relations in late-medieval Flanders”
Raisa Toivo, ”Why is violence against parents a useful topic of research? Insights from 17th century Finland”
Mona Rautelin ”Comparing intimate partner homicides in seventeenth-century and twenty-first-century heartland and hinterland Finland”
Anu Lahtinen ”Some early modern key texts to domestic violence”

Register in advance for this meeting:
https://helsinki.zoom.us/meeting/register/u5Eqf-6urzIjGtLBon7G3Lvy8s8geU-caiIs

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the meeting.

Anu Lahtinen: Digital Tools for Popularizing Humanities now online

Presentations on Digital Tools for Popularizing Humanities Research and Teaching are now available via Faculty of Arts YouTube Channel. See, for example, Associate Professor Anu Lahtinen’s presentation on Digestible ICT exercises for history, presenting the Helsinki 1918 Twitter course project, or Associate Professor Josephine Hoegaarts’ and MA Lotta Vuorio’s practical guide on Podcasts instead of essays.

 

Quoting the YouTube introduction:

ALKU digiloikka organized an event ”Digital Tools for Popularizing Humanities Research and Teaching” in November 2020, presenting four examples of how humanities research and teaching can be enhanced with digital tools and means and brought to larger audiences.

The event combined two main themes which increasingly become interrelated: the popularization of humanities research and teaching, for example via outreach to interested audiences beyond academia, and digital means and tools to do so.

Even before the global pandemic, digital ways of sharing and discussing research results have been explored and increasingly employed – a development which has accelerated with the pandemic and will certainly remain to be relevant.

Domestic Violence Workshop, 14 Jan 2021

History of Violence Seminar on Zoom

Meeting on 14 January 2021 at 2pm GMT for short presentations and quick QAA

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Hannah Skoda Domestic violence in late medieval France: What kind of a taboo?

Kristi DiClemente ‘Ultra modum conjugalem’: Domestic Violence in a 14th Century Parisian Court

Lucia Akard Methods for investigating spousal rape in French letters of remission

Kirsi Kanerva Preliminary thoughts concerning domestic violence in medieval Icelandic Family sagas and Chivalric sagas

Ilya Sverdlov A case of ramifications of (unconsummated?) incest in an Icelandic family saga

Satu Lidman Gender, Violence and Attitudes: Lessons from Early Modern Europe 

Rebecca Crites English judiciary’s complicity and resistance to intimate partner violence 

Jorge Aguilera López: The King as a symbol of Justice

Looking for information on galleys and other data for my research, I have come across a document that we could say talks about justice and prisoners’ rights. As the document is short and forceful, I have thought it would be a good idea to present it to you.

The king was the embodiment of justice during the Old Regime. He was seen as the perfect judge and for this reason the figure of the ”righteous king” is a recurring entity in the literature of the Spanish Golden Age. Royal justice contrasted with lordly justice. This last one was applied by a feudal lord within his demarcation and in short, it was much more capricious and unfair. In general, for serfs / subjects, it was much worse to be under lordly jurisdiction than royal and that is why many municipalities tried to ”buy their freedom” from their lords to be under royal rule. Just as my hometown Lloret de Mar did on the late date of 1790, when it wanted to compensate with 8,000 pounds to their lord, the Bishop of Girona, for the loss of his rights (the lawsuit was successfully resolved for the people of Lloret in 1802).

General Archive of the Crown of Aragon (ACA), C, Reg. Núm. 3901, ff. 215r. and 216v.

Although lordly abuses and atrocities (evil customs, mals usos) were much more characteristic during the medieval period (let’s remember the famous remences peasant revolts against lordly mals usos in Late Medieval Catalonia), in the Early Modern Age those abuses continued to exist. This is where the document comes in. King Philip II wrote to his viceroy of Aragon in 1561, that through different officers he had received information about:

the excesses and mistreatment that are done in the lands of barons to prisoners due to bad jails, harsh modes of prisons and other things witnessed with these prisoners in such a way that some of them have lost their feet from being in stocks [traps] and others have died and have been badly treated by uncomfortable and cruel prisons and dungeons (…) which many barons have on their lands (…). And because the prisons are not for punishment but for custody, and it is not fair that the unfortunate prisoners are compelled in so many ways, we command you to visit and examine the mentioned prisons in accordance with the Royal Pragmatics and to reform them as appropriate so that people no longer be mistreated (…), [for] being dangerous to the health and life of the people, and closing the other jails, prisons and stocks that seem rough and harsh to you and that cannot be humanely suffered”. (General Archive of the Crown of Aragon (ACA), C, Reg. Núm. 3901, ff. 215r. and 216v.)

It sounds pretty cool for the time, doesn’t it? But hey, remember that around this same time, the same king in need of rowers for his galleys amended the laws so that almost all the sentences condemned the “fit criminals” (men from 17 years old, without physical defects) to row in the galleys. Those criminals included not only murderers, rapists and thieves, but also beggars, gypsies, homosexuals or adulterers.

Jorge Aguilera López is a doctoral student who studies the Royal Shipyard of Barcelona, its activity and its European long distance trade connections all over Europe, including the Nordic kingdoms.