The background work included in open access fees (APCs) ranges from negotiating contracts to processing and advising researchers on funding requests and monitoring fees. In a large research-intensive university like the University of Helsinki, the workload associated with APCs is not insignificant. The goal of the library is to streamline administrative practices and free up researcher time from the payment process.
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Text: Päivi Lammi, Marjo Kuusela & Juuso Ala-Kyyny
The goal of the University of Helsinki is to make the practices related to open access fees (article processing charge, APC) as smooth as possible for researchers. The results of the work – APC services – were introduced in the previous part of this article series. Now we provide an overview of what it takes to provide a service.
At the University of Helsinki, work related to APCs is a joint game between the library, several publishers and the financial administration of university services. The library plays a key role as a coordinator of this co-operation and as a producer and marketer of services. The library:
- negotiates open access agreements and institutional memberships with publishers and cooperates with FinELib consortium in national agreements
- maintains the APC Guide, which provides up-to-date information on current agreements
- verifies that the researcher meets the terms of the contract when applying for APC funding; the terms and conditions usually specify that the corresponding author must be a researcher at the University of Helsinki – the library checks the affiliation and confirms it to the publisher
- handles APC funding requests and related invoices and monitors financial performance
- compiles article-level statistics by publisher and includes the information on the author’s unit – in this way the distribution of open access publications in different disciplines can be monitored
- advises on issues related to APCs and negotiates with the publisher in problematic situations; there is a lot of need for advice because contracts as well as other practices (e.g. APC process interfaces) are publisher-specific
- communicates contracts and services to the research community.
Work related to APCs is done, among other work, by four people in the library. The number of APC tickets processed has increased significantly as funding for open access publishing has been centralised in the library. At the beginning of the year, there were about 350 tickets per month, compared to 218 per month in 2020.
Researchers can propose new contracts
The library also collaborates closely with researchers. Researchers can propose new open access agreements with publishers to the library (email@example.com). The library evaluates open access deals from the perspective of e.g. publication statistics, contract terms, and available funding.
Work related to APCs is done at various universities and nationally, and the Helsinki University Library is involved in these networks. Internationally, one of the key forms of cooperation is related to the monitoring of APC payments, and the University of Helsinki also aims to join the OpenAPC service, which promotes the transparency of price information.
APC article series:
- What are open access author fees (APC)? (14.10.2021)
- What kind of support does the University of Helsinki offer in open access fees? (3.11.2021)
- What work is involved in author fees at the library? (11.11.2021)
- How do APCs contribute to the openness of science? (18.11.2021)
- ”The whole model for science publishing should be rethought” – researchers share their views on open access publishing (25.11.2021)