Basic skills in arithmetic

Basic arithmetic skills in young children are the ability to make simple addition and subtraction tasks with concrete materials and numbers less than twenty (Aunio & Räsänen, 2015). Young children usually use their number word sequence and enumeration skills to solve these addition and subtraction tasks.


  • Aunio, P. & Räsänen, P. (2015). Core numerical skills for learning mathematics in children aged five to eight years – a working model for educators. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 24(5), 684–704.